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Indian Zoology 



Second -Ejmtiosst. 




LOOOS. 
Print edlryr HENKYlIUGHS, for ROBERT FAULDER. 
MDCCXC. 



ViRfillll 

AUG 13 
STATE UBMW 



ADVERTISEMENT. 



THIS work, or rather fragment, was begun 
in the year 1769. The defcriptive part 
fell to my mare : the expence of the plates was 
divided between Mr. Banks, now Sir Joseph 
Banks, Baronet \ John Gideon Loten, Efq; a go- 
vernor in Ceylon ; and myfelf. Twelve only were 
engraved and publifhed : foon after which, the un- 
dertaking appeared fo arduous that the defign was 
given over. It would be injuftice to Mr. Loten not 
to fay, that the etchings are taken from his fine col- 
lection of drawings made in India : for he alleviated 
the cares of life with the delicious purfuits of the ftu- 
dy of Nature. I prevaled on my two friends to 
unite with me in prefenting the learned John Rein- 
hold Forster with the plates. I alfo bellowed 

a on 






s 



ADVERTISEMENT. 

on him three others, engraven at my own expence, 
before the work was dropped. Thefe were never 
published in England; but when Dr. Forfter left 
our ifland, he took the whole with him, and in 
1 78 1 printed, at Halle, in Saxony, an edition very 
highly improved, and translated into Latin and 
Ger?na?i. He prefixed to it a moft elaborate lu- 
cubration de Finibus et Indole A'eris, Soli, Marif- 
que Indici; defcribed the fubjects of the three ad- 
ditional plates ; and inferted, after the defcription of 
the fifteenth plate, a moft learned differtation on 
the genus of the Birds of Paradise, and on the 
Phoenix. He added feveral notes ; and at the end 
prefented his readers with a Faunula of the qua- 
drupeds and birds of the extenfive region of In- 
dia and its iflands. 

The laft year, Mr. Robert Faulder, of New Bond- 
ftreet, bookfelleiy applied to me for permiilion to 
reprint this very imperfect performance. I con- 
fented; but advifed him by all means to get the 
additions by Dr. Forfter tranflated, and an improved 
Faunula to be formed from the beft authorities 

which 



ADVERTISEMENT. m 

which could be procured : but, having myfelf ab- 
jured all future publications, referred him for that 
labor to any gentlemen willing and able to do jus- 
tice to the performance. I took the liberty of 
pointing out three friends, of indifputable abilities, 
and of whofe kind fervices I had long and ufeful 
experience. 

Dr. Aikin, of Yarmouth^ in Norfolk, with great 
chearfulnefs undertook the translations : Mr. John 
Latham, of Dartford, Kent, juftly celebrated for 
extending the ftudy of Ornithology far beyond 
any naturalift of our days ; and the Rev. Mr. 
Hugh Davies, recr.or of Aber, in Caernarvonfoire, 
underwent the taik of arranging the very numerous 
fubjedts of the Indian Faunula. The more la- 
borious part, relative to the Infects, fell to the (hare 
of Mr. Latham : the reft to that of Mr. Davies. 
A more complete enumeration was never formed, 
confidering the extent of the country ; and the ma- 
terials imported into our iflands. Science has of 
late years found its way into our moft diftant pof- 
feflions j and we gather its fruits : the Faimula 

a 2 is 



iv ADVERTISEMENT. 

is a fufficient proof of the richnefs of the harveft. 
Collectors at home, or in the diftant Indojlan, will 
find considerable benefit from this part of the work. 
It will direct, their refearches, or inftrudt them in 
the arrangement of the new acquisitions. If my 
paft labors can in any fhape contribute in the left 
to the amufement of the individual, or to the pub-* 
lie in general, the reflection cannot fail bellowing 
on me the moft pleaiing fenfation. 

THOMAS PENNANT. 
Downing^ March i, 17 91. 



CONTENTS. 



CONTENTS. 



Page 
I 



Essay on india — — — — 

INDIAN ZOOLOGY, p. 29. 

I. Sciurus Macrourtts. — The Long-Tailed Squirrel ~ 31 

II. Falco Melanoleucos. — Black and White Falcon — 33 

III. Otus Bakkamoena. — The Little Horn Owl — 34 

IV. trogon Fafciatus. — The Fafciated Couroucou — 36 
V. Cuculus Pyrrhocephalus. — The Red-Headed Cuckoo - 38 

VI. Picus Miniatus. — The Red Woodpecker — — 39 

VII. Perdix Bicalcaratus. — Double-Spurred Partridge — 40 

VIIT. Columba Melanocepbala. — The Black-Capped Pigeon - 41 

IX. Mufcicapa Flammea. — Flammeous Flycatcher — 43 

X. Motacilla Sutoria. — The Tailor Bird — — 44 

XI. 'tantalus Leucocephalus. — The White-Headed Ibis — 47 

XII. Gallinula Phanicurus. — The Red-Tailed Water-Hen - 49 

XIII. Anfer Melainotos. — The Black-Backed Goofe — 50 

XIV. Anas Poikilorhynchus. — Spotted-Billed Duck — 52 
XV. Anhinga Melanogafter. — The Black-Bellied Anhinga - $3 

XVI. Squatus tigrinus. — The Tiger Shark — — 55 

XVII. Labrus Zeylanicus. — The Ceylon WrafTe — — 56 

INDIAN 



59 



vi CONTENTS. 

INDIAN F A U N U L A, p. 57. 
Clafs I. Qj; adrupeds. 

Div. I. Hoofed — — 

Sett. I. Whole-Hoofed — — 59 

II. Cloven-Hoofed — — 59 

II. Digitated — — — 61 

Sect. I. Anthropomorphous — 61 

II. Rapacious. Canine Teeth - 62 

III. Without Canine Teeth — 63 

IV. Without Cutting Teeth — 64 
V. Without Teeth — — 65 

III. Pinnated — — — 65 

IV. Winged — — — 65 

Clafs II. Birds. 

Div. I. Land Birds — — 67 



Order I. Rapacious — 


- 67 


II. Pies — 


— 63 


III. Paflerine — 


— 75 


IV. Columbine — 


— 80 


V. Gallinaceous — 


— 81 




— 82 


Order VII. Cloven-footed — 


— 82 


VIII. Pinnated Feet — 


- 85 


IX. Web-footed — 


- 85 




Clafs 



CONTENTS. vii 

ClafsIII. Amphibia. 

Ordo I. Reptilia — -- — 87 

II. Serpentcs — — — 83 

Claffis IV. P 1 s c e s. 

Ordo I. Branchioftegi — — 91 

II. Chondropterygii — — 92 

III. Apodes — — — 92 

IV. Jngulares — — 93 
V. Thoracici — — 94 

VI. Abdominales — — 96 

Claffis V. I n s e c T A. 

Ordo I. Eleuterata — ■ — 99 

II. Ulonata — — n 1 

III. Syniftata — — — 112 

IV. Agonata — — 115 
V. Unogata — — — 117 

VI. Gloflata — — 118 

VII. Ryngota — — 136 

VIII. Antliata ■— — 139 

Claffis VI. Verme s. 

I. Inteflina — — 14 1 

II. Mollufca — — — 141 

III. Teftacea — — 143 

IV. Lithophyta — — 160 
V. Zoophyta — — 161 

6 PLATES. 



vm 

PLATES. 

*TP I T LE PA G E. The common Bird of Paradife, with a View 
"*" of "Dory Harbour in New Guinea. 

I. Long-Tailed Squirrel; and the Tree, Eugenia Malaccenfis, 

to face Page 3 1 

II. Black and White Falcon. The Tree, Rhamnus Jujuba. 23 

III. Little Horn Owl. The Plant, Gloriofa Superba. — 34 

IV. Fafciated Courocou. The Plant, Nummularia Lactea 

Minima. Rumpb. Amboin. — — 36 

V. Red-Headed Cuckoo. — — — 38 

VI. Red Woodpecker. — — — 39 

VII. Double-Spurred Partridge. — — — 40 

VIII. Black-Capped Pigeon. — — — 41 

IX. Flammeous Flycatcher. — — — 43 

X. Tailor Bird. — — — — 44 

XI. White-Headed Ibis. — — — 47 

XII. Red-Tailed Water-Hen. — — 49 

XIII. Black-Backed Goofe. — — — 5° 

XIV. Spotted-Billed Duck. — — — 52 
XV. Black-Bellied Anhinga. — — — 53 

XVI. Fig. 1. Tiger Shark. — — ~ 55 
Fig. 2. Ceylon Wrafle. 



AN 



AN 



ESSAY 



ON 



INDIA, 



ITS 



Boundaries, Climate, Soil, and Sea. 



Tranflated from the Latin of John Reinhold Forster, 
By John Aikin, M. D. 




H E name of India is probably derived from Hind, or 
Hindu, the appellation of the people inhabiting it, which 
the Spaniards and Portuguefe, the firft navigators to India, 
were accuftomed to write Gentu. The Greeks, who penetrated 
through Perfia into India, received from the Perfians the name of 
Hind, as that of the nation; but they alfo improperly called 
Indus, the river named by the inhabitants Sind or Sindo. In a 
later age, the Romans termed the country, India, the people, In- 
dians, but the river alfo, Indus ; yet they were not unacquainted 
with the name of Sindi. The Arabians and Perfians again em- 
ployed the names of Sind, and Hind, which occur frequently in 
their writings. After the Portuguefe began to navigate for the 
purpofe of exploring new regions, many of them fufpedted, that 
if they were to fteer diredtly weftward, they would at length 
arrive at the fartheil iflands in the vicinity of India ; and becaufe 
they conceived thefe iflands to lie before thofe Indian regions (ante 
illas) they gave them, in the geographical charts made before the 
difcovery of America, the name of Antilles; and that India, which 

B 2 they 



4 AN ESSAY ON INDIA, 

they fuppofcd fituated behind the Antilles, they named the Weft 
Indies, becaufe it might be reached by failing weftward. Hence 
appears the reafon why in our age the name of Indies is fo widely 
extended. 

That India whence the animals now to be defcribed are taken, 
is Eo.fi India. But even here there is much variation as to the 
countries to which this name is proper and peculiar. In the firfb 
place it is maintained, that India is only wherever the Hindu 
nation inhabits, or the country called by the Perfians, Hindqftaw, 
which is comprehended between the rivers Sind and Ganges, 
clofed to the north by the ridge of Imaus or Gaucafus ; and on the 
fouth furrounded by the ocean ; fo that the whole peninfula on 
this fide the Ganges, belongs to Hindofian. 

But in a more extended fenfe, the peninfula beyond the Ganges 
alfo is a part of India. And its limits are much more extenfive, 
if under this fecond fignification of India are reckoned all the 
iflands of the Indian fea, from the eafl and north of Madagascar, 
as far as New Holland, and thence eaftward to the Philippine 
iflands, together with New Guinea; and it is principally with 
this meaning that the Engli/h and Dutch failors ufe the word 
India, and Mr. Pennant feems to have adopted it in his account 
of the animals of India. 

From what has been faid, it will be evident that a difquifition 
concerning the climate, foil, and feas of India, thus largely under- 
ftood, will be a matter of much difficulty. 
•Mountains. Mount Imaus, arifing in the very borders of Perfia, and whofe 

northern ridge feparates India from Bokara or Batlria, from Ca- 
Jhimirs or Cajpatyrus, from the kingdom of "Tibet, and from the 
Chinefe province of Tunuan, terminates at length in the kingdom 

of 



BY JOHN RE1NHOLD FORSTER, LL. D. 

of Tonquin, and runs out into other branches. At the root cf 
this mountain the temperature of the air is very various ; for in 
the winter feaion the country is buried in fnow and froft, not, 
however, for a long time. Thofe fummits alone from which the 
Sind and Ganges are principally fed, are covered with perpetual 
fnow. Yet even the plain tract at the mouths of the Ganges is 
not entirely free from froft during winter, fmce the inhabitants 
collect ice artificially prepared, for cooling liquors in the heat of 
fummer, although. Fahrenheit's thermometer never finks below 
42. But in the fummer feafon the inhabitants undergo the moft 
intenle heats, arifing to the 114th, nay even to the 120th degree 
of Fahrenheit's thermometer -, fo that men are fcarcely able to 
breathe, plunge into water up to the chin, and afcend the higher 
trees that they may inhale a fomewhat cooler breeze; whilft 
they whofe occupations oblige them to endure the hot air abroad, 
not unfrequendy fall fuddenly dead. The birds too are often 
killed by the heat, while flying, or fitting on trees, and fall to the 
ground. 

Then, as the flat country is inundated about the folftice by the 
fwoln waters of the Ganges, which returning into their channel, 
leave many ftagnant pools, the exhalations raifed by the fun's 
heat form a body of intenfely hot vapour, extremely noxious, 
fo as to occafion putrid fevers of the higheft malignity, which 
frequently prove fatal within three hours. 

Let us now pafs into the peninfula of India on this fide the 
Ganges, and examine the nature of its climate and foil. This 
part of India is divided into two parts by the ridge of mountains 
called Gatte; and while fummer reigns on one fide, winter pre- 
vails on the other. This chiefly proceeds from the winds, which, 

from 



AN ESSAY ON INDIA, 

from Otlcber to April, blow conftantly from the north ; and from 
April to Oilober, from the fouth. For the fpace of fome weeks 
before this change, there is generally fcarcely any wind ; but at the 
commencement of the change, fuch tempefts arife as to caufe 
great damage to mariners. On the eaftern fide of the peninfula, 
called the coaft of Coromandel, the fky from April to Oilober is 
conftantly ferene without a fhower, but from Oilober to April is the 
rainy feafon. On the weftern or Malabar coaft, on the contrary, 
there is no rain from Oilober to April, but very heavy rains fall 
from May to September. During the fair feafon, intenfe heat 
infefts the whole coaft; but in the rainy feafon, the temperature 
is at intervals more moderate, and at that time all the rivers 
fwell, and their ftreams are partly diftributed through the fields 
for the puroofe of fertilifmg them, and partly are received into 
ponds or great receptacles, where the water is preferved with_ 
care, to be let into the fields at proper periods. 

The region of India beyond the Ganges has nearly the fame 
climate with the peninfula on this fide ; but it is particularly well 
Rivers. watered by large rivers. Of thefe we fhall firft mention the 

Bahramputter ( Burrampooter ) which flows through the whole 
country of 'Tibet, from the very confines of Cajhimire, and, after it 
has crofTed the kingdom of AJfam, enters that of Bengal at Ran- 
gamatty, and at length, juft upon the coaft of the Indian fea, 
mixes its waters with thofe of the Ganges, in an equally copious 
ftream, and thus enters the fea in a common channel. Next, the 
rivers Ava, Pegu, and Tenajferim, rifing in the Tibet mountains, 
after watering the kingdoms whofe names they bear, enter the 
bay of Bengal on the weftern fide of the peninfula. 

The Menam and Menam-kow s or Siam and Cambodia rivers, 

flow 



EY JOHN REINIIOLD FORSTER, LL. D. 

flow down from the mountains which part the province of Tun- 
nan in China, from India. All the above rivers, the Bahrain-putter 
excepted, take their courfe through large vallies, enclofed on 
each fide by ridges of hills. On the approach of the fun to the 
tropic of Cancer, the fnow on thefe mountains is diffolved, and 
all thefe vallies are overflowed, like Egypt by the Nile. When 
the rivers return into their channel, the moiftened countries are 
fown chiefly with rice, which yields a very rich increale. The 
kingdoms of Cochinchina, and Tonquin, are bounded to the eaft 
by the fea, and to the weft by a ridge of mountains feparating 
them from the kingdoms of Cambodia, and Laos. From this 
ridge many rivers defcend, which, after they have watered the 
country for a fhort traft, mingle with the fea. 

The foil of all India hitherto defcribed is rich; and, by the Soil. 

cultivation of the populous nations, which from the remoteft ages 
have inhabited thefe regions, and addifted themfelves to agricul- 
ture, is rendered extremely fertile. And, by reafon that fo many 
nations, and fuch various lpecies of animals, have for fuch a 
courfe of ages putrefied with the vegetables of this fruitful land, 
the foil, lixiviated with water and mixed with aflies, affords to 
Europe a great quantity of nitre, the principal ingredient of its 
gunpowder. Rice is chiefly fown in moift fituations, and fup- 
plies thefe people, who live a Pythagorean life, with a food of eafy 
preparation, and extremely cheap. There is another kind of 
rice, which grows even on the hills, and fpares the cultivators the 
labor of watering. 

The marfhes are covered with thick beds of reeds; and, near Marshes. 
the mouths of the largeft rivers, overgrown with impenetrable 
groves of mangles. Among the cultivated trafts, here and there 

dry 



AN ESSAY ON INDIA, 

dry fpots are obferved, covered with briars and thickets. The 
parts neglected by human culture are full of woods, which abound 
with the mod beautiful and fingular birds, efpecially parrots, 
peacocks, pigeons, and others infinitely diverfified with the gayeft 
and moft varied plumage; together with herds of antelopes, 
tribes of monkeys, and numbers of lions and tygers. The ele- 
phant, and rhinoceros, alfo inhabit thefe forefts, which fcarcely 
ever lofe their leaves, but are always verdant, and perpetually 
loaded with fruits of one kind or another. 
Islands. Nature wears a different form in the iflands of the Indian fea. 

But, that we may the better underftand the nature of the climate, 
and the temperature of the atmofphere, it will be of particular 
ufe to confider the courfe of the winds which prevail in thefe feas. 
WiKDs. Between both tropics the wind almoft conftantly blows from the 

eaft ; and at the equinoxes, about the line, the courfe of the wind 
is direftly from eaft to weft. For the fun in the day-time heats 
the air; and about noon, when it is vertical, the atmofphere 
glows with heat, and therefore is rarefied ; at the fame time, the 
fun, feeming rapidly to move from eaft to weft, on account of 
the diurnal revolution of the earth, caufes noon fucceffively in 
different regions. Towards evening, when the fun is in the weft, 
the air from both fides of the globe, as likewife from the eaft, 
nifties towards the weft, and follows the fun, in order to balance 
the rarefaction of the heated atmofphere : this current of air is 
the eaft wind. The greater the diftance from the equinoctial 
line in each hemifphere, the more the wind inclines to the north 
or fouth. Now, when the fun arrives at the tropic of Cancer, the 
eaft wind follows it; but the eaft-north-eaft and ncrth-eaft ex- 
tend beyond the tropic of Cancer into the northern hemifphere, 
x whilft. 



BY JOHN REINHOLD FORSTER, LL. D. 

whilft, on the contrary, the eaft-fouth-eaft, and fouth-eaft fcarcely 
reach farther than the equinoctial line. And when the fun re- 
cedes to the tropic of Capricorn, the eaft wind follows it there 
too j but the eaft-north-eaft, and north-eaft fcarcely reach beyond 
the line, rarely to the tropic ; while the eaft-fouth-eaft, and fouth- 
eaft fpread far into the fouthern hemifphere. Thefe obfervations 
are generally true concerning the winds within the tropics, and 
especially in the great Atlantic and Pacific oceans. 

Every where within the tropics, on approaching within three 
or four leagues of land, a breeze is met wida blowing from fea to 
land, from nine in the morning to fun-fet; and from land to fea, 
from about ten at night to fun-rife. Thefe obfervations alfo 
hold in general with refpedr. to the winds in the vicinity of lands 
within the tropics. 

In the Indian fea, from October to April, the eaft-north-eaft, 
and north-north-eaft winds prevail as far as the line. But during 
the fame feafon, from the line fouthwards to about the 14th de- 
gree, the weft, weft-fouth-weft, and fouth-weft are the prevailing 
winds ; and beyond this fpace, the eaft-fouth-eaft, and fouth-eaft. 
From April to October, in the northern hemifphere, the weft, 
weft-fouth-weft, and fouth-weft winds reign : to the fouth of the 
equinoctial, as far as about the 1 2th degree, the eaft, and eaft- 
fouth-eaft; and beyond that point, the eaft-fouth-eaft, and fouth- 
eaft. Thefe prevailing winds are by failors termed the Monfoons j 
and from them fome inferences may be drawn as to the tempera- 
ture of the air. The winds which blow acrofs great tracts of 
land heated by the fun's rays, acquire a great degree of heat ; 
and the greater fpace they pafs over, the more fcorching they 
prove. But wherever winds blow over the fea, they are cooled 

C by 



io AN ESSAY ON INDIA, 

by the evaporation of the water : hence all fhores and iflands, 
though fituated under the hotteft fun, enjoy the benefit of tempe- 
rate fea breezes. 
Origin of the If we mean to confider the nature of the foil in the Indian 
iflands, we muft attend to their two-fold form and origin. Some 
are lofty, and if of moderate fize, they have generally a conical 
fhape. On examination of the mountain and ftrata in this cafe, 
it will prefently be obvious that the whole ifland has emerged 
from the bottom of the fea through the force of fubterranean fire j 
for all parts are full of volcanic remains. Actually burning 
mountains are likewife not uncommon in thefe iflands. All the 
high iflands which I have furveyed between the tropics, in the 
Atlantic and Pacific oceans, were found to contain Jcoria, eruc- 
tated afh.es, and liquefied matter, the manifeft veftiges of intefhne 
fires. And that the fame takes place with regard to the iflands 
of the Indian fea, is rendered probable bv fo many volcanoes vet 
to be feen among them, by the teftimony of various navigators 
and eye-witnefles, and by the ftcnes, evidently refembling Jcoria 
and melted rock, brought from thence. It is wonderful that 
afhes thrown up from volcanoes, and other fcoriaceous matters 
comminuted and mixed with the earth, fhould conftitute a foil 
inferior to none in fertility; but it is certain that moft plants 
thrive moft luxuriantly in this foil, and that trees of all kinds grow 
in it to a ftupendous magnitude. 

There are within the tropics other iflands, low, and little 
elevated above the furface of the fea. All of this kind are the 
workmanfhip of zoophyte vermes, which raife on all fides from 
the bottom of the fea their manfions of a calcareous matter, 
whence at length are formed rocks and ftony fhallows very dan- 
gerous 



BY JOHN REINHOLD FORSTER, LL. D. 1 1 

gerous to navigators. Since for the moil part eafterly winds are 
frequent in thefe feas, thefe animalcules, as if actuated by inftincl, 
endeavour to exclude the waves driven by the winds, by means 
of their ftupendous works j and therefore, carrying on the artful 
flruclure of their calcareous or ftony habitations, they extend 
them in long arms, which at laft unite in a circle, within which, 
they include a portion of calm untroubled fea. On the oppofite 
or windward fide, the waves continually throw up fragments of 
corals, which, accumulating by degrees, form a mound againft 
the force of the billows, and on that part the fea is rendered gra- 
dually fhallower j whilft on the other fide, immediately under the 
arms raifed by the zoophytes, the fea is of aftonifhing depth ; and 
not unfrequently a part of the work remains open, for the ingrefs 
and egrefs of the tide. In the coral banks themfelves, fand is 
collected by the waves, which afford foil and aliment for the 
feeds of fhore plants brought thither by the fea ; and thefe plants 
at length perifhing, gradually create and accumulate a vegetable 
mould. If by chance a cocoa-nut be carried by the fea to thefe 
Jpots, it germinates, and grows into a tall tree, bearing and dif- 
feminating many nuts, fome of which again germinating, foon 
form a palm-grove, affording fliade to birds, and other animals, 
and fupplying navigators, driven to the place by flrefs of weather, 
with a grateful food and liquor. The bay included within the arms 
conftrufted by the zoophytes is a receptacle for fifhes which re- 
quire a calm unagitated fea, and thus another food from the ani- 
mal kingdom is prefented to ftrangers. The (hallows, too, afford 
quiet and defirable fituations to mollufc<e y and fhell-fifh of all 
kinds, and contribute much towards fupplying the inhabitants of 
the iflands with a variety of food. 

C 2 The 



ia AN ESS AY ON I N DI A, 

The greater iflands of the Indian fea, Ceylon, Borneo, Java, Su- 
matra, Celebes, Lufonia, Mindanao, Ceram, Gilclo, Waighen, and 
the ifle of Papua or Neiv Guinea, are all mountainous, and full of 
burning or extinguished volcanoes. They are covered with ever- 
green woods and reed-grounds, luxuriant in various tropical fruits, 
productive of all kinds of fpices, and of many drugs valuable in 
Useful Trees, medicine and the arts, efpecially Camphor, Benzoin, Gamboge, 
Sanders, the Amomums, Cojlus, Zedoary, Galangal, the Peppers, 
Snakeroot, Dragons-blood, and many others which need not here 
be enumerated. Thefe iflands, enriched with lb many and great 
advantages, are everywhere inhabited by various animals i their 
woods and thickets are thronged with innumerable birds; their 
feas abound in fifties of all kinds, the greateft part of which have 
never been examined by naturalifls ; and what vafl treafures of 
iliell-filh their fhores, marine rocks, and the bottom of their feas 
contain, may be gathered from hence, that for at left a century 
that thefe feas have been frequented by Europeans, they have 
continually been offering fomewhat new to the curiofity of men 
- whofe avarice or vanity has prompted them to collect fuch ftores 
from all parts. Nor are thefe regions deftitute of inhabitants, 
differing from each other in colour, fhape, manners, drefs, religion, 
and language. For fome tribes in the interior receftes of the 
woods and mountains preferve their antient lavage ftate, treat 
all ftrangers as enemies, and devour the flain ; others, adopting 
gentler manners, and formed to commerce, and even to fubmif- 
fion, become daily more civilized. 

Thus much, concerning the limits, climate, foil, and feas of 
India, I thought neceffary to prefix, in order to render what 
follows more peripicuous. 

ON 



BY JOHN REINHOLD FORSTER, LL. D, t 3 



ON THE 



BIRDS of PARADISE, 



AND THE 



P H CE N I X, 



TH E Birds of Paradi/e are a genus of birds fcarcely as yet 
fufficiently known to the ornithologifts, becaufe few of 
them are imported into Europe, and thofe, too, mutilated in their 
feet, wings, and other parts, or diftorted by having a ftick thruft 
within their fkins, and thus too much lengthened. No real 
naturalift ever had the fortune to fee a live Bird of Paradife, or to 
have obferved their manners and economy * ; for they inhabit a 
region vifited by very few Europeans, fince fcarcely any but failors 
and merchants are permitted to penetrate into the remoteft eaft, the 
country of the Paradije-birds. The hiflory of this genus is there- 
fore ftill full of filfities, or rather buried in fuch darknefs, that 
we can fcarcely hope to gain more and truer information con- 
cerning them, till fome perfon, by a journey into thefe parts, is 

* Sir Joseph Banks did me the favor of communicating the drawing of the 
common Bird of Paradife, brought alive to England, drawn from the life. T. P. 

enabled, 



i 4 AN ESSAY ON INDIA, 

enabled, by his own obfcrvations and experiment , to give the 
public fome accounts more ample and exact than we hitherto 
poflefs. 

It is moft certain that thefe birds were never known to the 
antients ; and whatever the Egyptian priefts delivered concerning 
their Pbcenix, has little agreement with the Bird of Paradife. But, 
that there may not be the left doubt remaining on thefe point?, 
we fhall collect what has been faid by the antients concerning 
the Pbcenix, and, after the paffages are brought in view, briefly ex- 
amine them. Herodotus, the father of hiftory, relates (1. ii. 73.) 
that the Pbcenix is a bird of the fhape and fize of an eagle, deco- 
rated with gold-coloured and purple wings ; but he frankly con- 
fefles that he had never feen the bird, but knew it only by its 
picture. Pliny (1. x. c. 2.) confirms that the Pbcenix is of the 
fize of an eagle, with the fplendour of gold around his neck ■, the 
reft of the body purple ; having a blue tail fpotted with rofe- 
colored feathers ; combs adorning his face, and a creft of fea- 
thers, his head. This was the antient opinion concerning the 
form and colours of the Pbcenix ; but the fame Pliny relates from 
Manilius, that the converfion of the great year correfponds with 
the life of this bird, from which period the fame courfe of feafons, 
and pofition of the heavenly bodies, is renewed; and that this 
takes place about noon on the day that the fun enters Taurus. 
Hcrapollo delivers the fame notion refpedHng the Pbienix. " They 
- (the Egyptian priefts) meaning to fignify the converfion of the 
great year, paint the Pbcenix." Thefe notions are then to be 
explained from the theology of Egypt. 

The Sun, which produces the feafons, is the Egyptian Osiris, a 

deity whofe name has the fame fignification ; for Oeifcb-iri in the 

8 Egyptian 



BY JOHN REINHOLD FORSTER, LL. D. is 

Egyptian tongue, is the maker of feafons. But almoft all the male 
gods, efpecially, of the Egyptians ', exprefled the virtues and powers 
of the Sun. Hence, the vernal fun, when it is peculiarly vigorous, 
and operates with mod power,* according to the difcipline of the 
Egyptian priefts, was Hercules, whom they therefore called Dfem- 
menuti, the virtue of God, or of the Gods. The fame Hercules, 
according to Athenagoras (pro Chriftianis, p. iS.) or, as Damaf- 
cus has it {tti^ a^x uv a P- Wolff. Anecdot. iii. p. 254.) " that prin- 
ciple was named, time void of old age, and likewife Hercules" Nor 
is it to be omitted, that in the obelifk of king Ramejfes, the fun 
is called the lord of feafons, which in the Egyptian language is 
Sefoeifch, or Sefoofis. 

The annual revolution of die fun makes a year of twelve 
months ; but the Egyptian year, long, was only 365 days ; whence, 
every fourth year, four true folar years exceeded as many Egyp- 
tian years a fingle day, which they were not accuftomed to inter- 
calate. Hence the feafons of the year wandered through the 
whole Egyptian year ; and hence of the folar years as firft fixed 
by Julius Cafar the dictator, 1460 equal 1461 vague Egyptian 
years. On this account, the Egyptian priefts were accuftomed to 
call four years with the day of intercalation, the year of God; and 
1 46 1 vague Egyptian years made the great year of God, that is, 
of the Sun. And they taught, that at this great period, the con- 
verfion of the great year took place, at which alfo the Phcenix 
regenerated — flew from Arabia to the city of the fun, and de- 
pofited his father's body on the altar. 

It will now appear, why the Orphics, in hymn xi. to Hercu- 
les 3. addrefs him by the title of various-formed father of time. 
And Plutarch, in his treatife on Jfis and Ofiris, aflerts, " that 

the 



i6 AN ESSAY ON INDIA, 

the Egyptians fable Hercules to be placed in the fun, and to re- 
volve with it." For, from thefe premifes, it might juftly be faid, 
with Nonnus of Panopolis, 1. xl. p. 683, " that Hercules rolls 
round the whole earth in the glittering orb of the fun, and carries 
round with him the year, the fon of time." Every common 
year, therefore, is a year of God ; and the great year, the fon of 
time, which, in the Egyptian language, would be Dfphenoeifch, 
and, on account of the harfhnefs of the firft letter, the Greeks 
would make it <?oin£, Phcenix. This origin of the name adds 
ftrength to my opinion, fince it is perfectly agreeable to the doc- 
trine of the Egyptians concerning thefe things, and at the fame 
time exactly expreffes all the facred fables of their priefts relative 
to the Phcenix. 

That the fabulous Phcenix of the Egyptians has nothing in 
common with the Birds of Paradife, will be fufficiently manifeft 
from what has been faid ; yet it is not altogether without reafon 
that we have here treated on the Phemix ; for the firft Portuguese 
navigators to the Indian idands called the Birds of Paradife, pajfa- 
ros da fol, Birds of the fun, in the fame manner as the Egyptians 
had regarded the Phoenix as a fymbol of the annual revolution of 
the fun, and the converfion of the great year. The inhabitants 
of the ifie of 'Ternate call thefe birds Manu-co-Dewata; Birds of 
God. The French, Englijh, and Germans have adopted the name 
of Birds of Paradife. All thefe names feem to attribute fomewhat 
of a celefiial origin to the birds. The name Manu-co-Dewata has 
induced fome writers of natural hiftory to call the bird Manuco- 
diata (Edwards, t. 1 10. Marcgrav. Brafil, 207. Raii Synopf. 
Av. 21. n. 7. Brijfon Omit hoi. ii. p. 130.) and the illuftrious 
count de Buffcn, by cutting off part of the name, has made from 

it 



BY JOHN REINHOLD FORSTER, LL. D. 17 

it his Manucode. Valentyne (vol. iii. p. 306, 313.) has treated at 
length of the Birds of Paradije. The Portuguese firft faw them in 
Gikloy Papua, and New Guinea. Many idle fables have been 
propagated concerning thefe birds ; among which are to be 
reckoned, that they have no feet, are always on the wing, pafs 
their lives in the air and feed on this element} on which account 
the inhabitants of thefe countries are accuftomed to cut off their 
feet. But the people of the Aru iflands have taught the Dutch in 
Banda better ; and it is found that the feet are cut off in order 
that the birds may be more eafily preferved dry. The Indians, 
too, pay little regard to the feet, becaufe they ufe the (kins of the 
Birds of Paradije only to adorn their helmets in their games and 
mock combats. But the Aruans, 70 or 80 years ago, brought 
thefe birds with their feet. Pigafetta, who accompanied Ferdi- 
nand Magalbaens in his voyage, teftified from ocular demonftra- 
tion, about 1525, that they were not without feet. But the 
length and peculiar ftrufture of the fcapular feathers, prevent 
them from fitting on trees in windy weather j and if they are 
once blown down to the ground, they are utterly unable to raife 
themfelves again by their wings. When taken by the natives, 
they are immediately killed, becaufe their food is unknown, 
and diey defend themfelves courageoufly with their very ftrong 
beaks. 

Of the Birds of Paradije there are about fix fpecies*. 

1. The great Paradije- bird of Aru. 

2. The lefier Paradije-bird of Papua. 

3. and 4. Two black fpecies. 

• The Faunula will produce many more. 

D 5. The 



iS AN ESSAY ON INDIA, 

5. The white Paradife-bird. 

6. The unknown Paradife-bird. 

7. The leffer King-bird, which is alfo to be reckoned among 
the Paradife- birds. 



I. ParadisjEa apoda. Greater Bird of Paradise. 
Latham Syn. ii. 474. Index, i. 194. 

r P H E greater Paradife-bird is generally about two feet in length. 
Head, fmall: beak, the length of the head, hard, pale-co- 
loured. Head and nape of the neck, yellow. Space round the 
eyes, black. Neck, beautifully refplendent with very fofr, fhining, 
emerald-coloured feathers : thofe of the breaft, equally foft, of a 
pale yellowilh-grey. Large chefnut-coloured wings. Back co- 
vered with the fcapulars elongated, fliff, narrow, pale brown, 
very much refembling the loofe feathers of the oftrich. Thefe 
expand while the bird flies ; and therefore it is eafy for him to 
remain in the air. On the fides of the breaft and belly are 
bundles of feathers, much fhorter than the anterior ones, ftifF, 
gold-coloured. From the rump arife two ftiff" feathers of great 
length, naked in the (hafts, terminated with radiated plumes. 
Several birds of thefe countries are furnifhed with fuch long 
feathers, as the Belarus (Pylftaart) of Amboyna, the Alcedo Sari- 
wak, and a ipecies of Papuan parroquet. In fize it little exceeds 
the blackbird. Feet fhort, with four ftrong toes. The inhabi- 
tants of Temate call this Ipecies Burong Papua, Papua birds ; and 
fometimes Manu-co-dewata, and alfo Soffu, or Sioffu. The Am- 
boyneje call them Manu-key-aru, birds of the iflands Key and Aru, 

becaufe 



BY JOHN REINHOLD FORSTER, LL. D. i 9 

becaufe the people of thefe iflands bring them to Banda and Am- 
layna for fale. The Aruans give them the name oiFanaan. In 
fa£t, thefe birds are not found in the ifiand Key, which is about 
50 miles eaftward of Banda, but are met with in the Aru hlands 
(which are 15 miles further to the eaft than Key) at the dry 
feafon of the weftern monfoon, and return to New Guinea at the 
commencement of the rainy feafon, as foon as the eaft wind 
begins to blow. They fly in flocks of about 30 or 40, led by a 
bird which the Aruans call King, but which is altogether diftinct 
from the lefier Bird of Paradife. This leader is black with red 
fpots, and conftantly flies higher than the reft, which never fepa- 
rate from it, but immediately when it fettles, fettle too ; whence 
they frequently perifh, for if the leader fettles on the ground, 
they are not able to rife on account of the peculiar ftruclure of 
their feathers. Nor can they fly with the wind, for in that cafe 
their very long loofe feathers would be totally difordered : they 
therefore always fly againft the wind, and carefully abftain from 
flight in a ftorm, which often throws them to the ground. 

While flying they are noify, like ftarlingsj but their cry 
rather refembles the croaking of ravens, and is particularly audi- 
ble, when in windy weather the incumbrance of their feathers 
brings them into imminent danger of falling to the ground. la 
the Aru iflands they perch on the higheft trees, efpecially on thofe 
of the fmall-leaved Waringha with red fruit, on which they chiefly 
fubfift (Ficus Benjamina? Hort. Malab. iii. f. 35. Rumph. 
Amboin. iii. f. 90.) They are taken by the inhabitants with 
bird-lime, fnares, or blunt arrows. But though many fall alive 
into die fowlers hands, they are immediately killed, and after em- 
bawelling, and generally cutting off their feet, they are fumigated 

D 2 with. 



ao AN ESSAY ON INDIA, 

with fuiphur, and dried ; in which ftate they are fold, for half a 
dollar in Banda, but in Arit they may be purchafed for a large 
nail or piece of iron. The Dutch fhips frequenting the fea be- 
tween New Guinea and Aru (a diftance of 1 8 or 20 miles) not 
unfrequently fee flocks of Paradife-birds crofling the fea from one 
to the other of thefe places, but always againft the wind. If a 
more tempeftuous gale than ufual rifes during their flight, they 
feek the upper and calmer regions of the air, and thus continue 
their courfe. The natives fatten thefe birds to their helmets in , 
place of crefts, in real and mock fights ; and often tie the whole 
or part of the fkins to their fwords. During the eaftern mon- 
foon their very long feathers fall ; and in the weftern monfoon, 
within the fpace of four months, as the Aruans report, they are 
replaced by new ones. 



II. Paradisea apoda. Lesser. Latham Syn. ii. 474. 
Index, i. 194. (3. 

CJT'HE lejfer Paradife-bird of Papua. This fpecies is about 
twenty inches in length. Beak, lead-colored, paler towards 
the apex. Eyes, fmall, and furrounded with black. Neck, eme- 
rald-colored. Head, and back of the neck, dufky-yellowifh. 
Wings, fmall and chefnut-colored. Breaft and belly, brown. 
Back, yellowifh-grey. Long fcapulars, about a foot in length, 
and paler than in the former fpecies ; which is in general to be 
obferved of all the fplendid colours in this fpecies. The long 
bare feathers of the tail are conftandy rejected by the inhabitants. 
In other refpe&s, this fpecies has every thing in common with the 
3 former. 



BY JOHN REINHOLD FORSTER, LL. D. 

former. Thefe birds alfo follow a leader j which, however, has 
more of a dark purple in his wings ; but this leader is diffcin- 
guifhed from the 3d and 4th black kinds. The Papuan inhabi- 
tants of the ifland Mijfowal, (Mixoal, Mayfol) relate that thefe 
Paradife-birds never migrate, but build nefes in the higheft trees, 
where they are found by the Alfuhris. The beak and neck are 
longer in the male than in the female. By the people of Ternate, 
and Tidore, this bird is called Tqffu or Burong Papuwa, Papua- 
bird. By the Papuans it is named Shag or Shague. The people 
of Eaft Ceram give it the name of Samakik ; but in the iflc of 
Serghile, in New Guinea, it is called TJhakke. It was formerly 
believed that thefe birds were found in Gilolo or Halamahera, and 
the adjacent iflands to the fouth and fouth-eaft; but it is now 
certain that they are peculiar to the Papuan ifles. Thefe extend 
from the fouthern extremity of Gilolo, and northern coaft of Ceram, 
as far as the weftern part of New Guinea. The largeft of them 
are Mijfowal (Mayfol) lying to the north of Ceram ■, and Sala- 
watti, or Salawat, fituated near the country or ifland of Serghile, 
in New Guinea. This laft, in the earlieft Portuguese maps, is im- 
properly called Ceram, and is feparated from New Guinea. Thefe 
Paradife-birds perch on the higheft trees of the mountainous 
region, and are killed with blunt arrows by the people of Mijfo- 
wal. Others relate, that the natives medicate the water of which 
the birds are ufed to drink, with the India-bcvries (Menfpermum 
Cocculus Linn.) whereby they are rendered fo ftupid as to be 
taken by the hand. Thefe birds commonly feed on the fruit of 
the %/Ijempeda-tree, which they perforate with their bills, and 
thus extract the kernels. It is fabled by fome, that when thefe 
birds become weak with age, they fly a great height towards the 

fun, 



»i AN ESSAY ON INDIA, 

fun, till they fall down dead. The Papuans, after killing and 
embowelling them, dry the cavity with a hot iron, and enclofe 
them in a joint of bamboo, in order the better to preferve them. 

III. and IV. 

n^HE black Paradife-birds. The larger variety of thefe is 
fold by the natives without wings and {net, and therefore is 
very difficult to be defcribed with accuracy. The remains are 
generally flretched out on a flick to the length of four fpans. 
The feathers of the head, neck, and belly are black, filky, and 
mixed with a radiant hue of purple and gold. Beak, blackifh, 
an inch long. From both fides fpring bunches of feathers, fome- 
what fimilar to quill-feathers, but in reality very different from 
them, for this fpecies is always offered to fale with the wings 
cut off. The feathers in thefe bunches are extremely foft, with 
broad webs like peacocks feathers, of a fine fhining green, and 
all reverted ; whence Valentyne fufpecls that they become reverted 
in the bamboo joints in which they are enclofed by the natives. 
Tail, wedge-fhaped. Tail feathers next the abdomen, hairy j 
upper ones, longer, and pointed ; thofe immediately beneath thefe, 
above a fpan and a half in length, fliff, with loofe doubly com- 
pound rays, black above, fhining below. The birds of this 
variety are brought only from the part of New Guinea called 
Serghile. The inhabitants carry the fkins dried upon flicks by 
fmoke, and enclofed in bamboo joints, to the ifland Salawat, 
and exchange them for hatchets and coarfe cloths. The Pa- 
puans call them Shagawa, and alfo, Paradife-birds from Serghile : 
in Ternate and Isidore, they are called Soffu-kokotu, Black Paradife- 
* birds. 



BY JOHN REINHOLD FORSTER, LL. D. 13 

birds. Serghile is the mod northern part of New Guinea, running 
out to a fharp promontory, fituated beyond or to the eaft of 
Cilolo and the Papua ifland, and facing the north. 

Besides the greater black Paradife-bird, there is a lejfer variety. 
Its feathers are equally long, but not fo thick; black above, not 
ihining. This variety is alfo deftitute of the fhining peacock 
feathers found in the firft. It likewife wants the three long 
pointed tail-feathers, which are proper to the greater kind. The 
Alfuhris, or inhabitants of the mountainous part of the ifle of 
Meffowal, fhoot thefe birds with arrows, and fell them to the 
people of Tidore. 



V. Paradisea alba, Latham Index, i. 197. 
P.Wayghihu. The fame. 

n^HE white Paradife-bird is the rareft of all the ipecies, and 
has two varieties, one entirely white, the other black and 
white. The firft is very rare, and in habit much refembles the 
Paradife-bird of Papua. The fecond variety has its fore-part 
black, and back-part white, with twelve (lender crooked almoft 
naked feathers. This kind is the rareft of all, and is procured 
only through the people of Tidore, becaufe it is found in thofe 
Papuan ifles only which are little frequented, particularly in Way- 
ghihu (called alfo Wadju, Wardju, and Waygiu.) Some fufpect 
that they are imported from Serghile, in New Guinea. 



VI. 



a4 AN ESSAY ON INDIA, 

VI. 

T N 1689, a new fpecies of black Paradife-bird was firft feen at 
Amboyna, brought from Mijfcwal, about a foot in length, with 
a fhining purplifh hue. Head, middle-fized ; bill, ftraight ; 
back, as in the other fpecies, adorned with purple-blue feathers, 
but under the wings, and on the belly, yellowifh, as in the 
apodous fpecies. Back of the neck, moufe-colored, greenifh. 
In this kind it is obfervable, that on the fcapulse are bundles of 
green-edged feathers, which can be erected at pleafure, like wings. 
In place of a tail, it has twelve black, naked, fetaceous and 
thready fhafts, like pendulous feathers. Feet ftrong, with fharp 
claws. Head fmall ; eyes encircled with black. 

VII. Paradisea reoia. King. Latham Syn. ii. 475. 
Index, i. 194. 

HP H E laft fpecies is the King-bird, which fome reckon among 
the Paradife-birds -, but, according to Valentyne, it is totally 
different from them. Linn^us and 3uffon, however, refer 
them to the Paradife-birds, chiefly induced by the fhape of the 
bill, and the feathers peculiar to this genus. This bird is about 
feven inches in length, and fomewhat exceeds a titmoufe in bulk. 
Head, and eyes (which are furrounded with a black circle) fmall. 
Beak, ftraight. Crown of the head, flame-colored : nape of 
the neck, blood- colored : neck and breaft, chefnut, with a band 
of bright emerald. Wings, large for the body ; quill-feathers 
black, with rays fpotted and ftreaked with fhining red. Tail, 
ftraight, fhort, and brown. Intermediate tail-feathers, long, 

thread- 



BY JOHN REINHOLD FORSTER, LL. D. 

thread-ihaped, black, exceeding the reft a palm in length, with 
a lunated feathered tip, of a fhining green above, brown below. 
Belly, fpotted : from the fides proceed bundles of broad-rayed 
feathers, one part of the rays, green, the other, brown. Back, 
blood-brown, glofiy like filk. Feet, like thole of a lark ; three 
toes before, one behind. 

This bird never aflbciates with the other ipecies of Paradife- 
birds, but flies about the lonely thickets, wherever it fees red ber- 
ries, nor ever fits upon tall trees. 

In Aru it is called JVowi IVoivi: in the Papua ifles, Scpclo-o. 
The Dutch name it Kings-bird. It is chiefly brought from Aru- 
Scpclo-o -, and elpecially from Wodjir, a well-known town of this 
ifland. The Aruans fay they have never feen its neft j but fuf- 
pect that it is a ftranger from New Guinea, and there brings up 
its young, but never leaves Aru during the dry feafon of the 
weftern monfoon. It is taken in fnares made of Gutnmatty, or 
with birdlime prepared from the Sukkom or bread-fruit (Artocar- 
pus communis Forft. CharatJ.) 

It is embowelled and dried, and fold in Banda. The Aruans 
put it in their helmets in their mock fights, and the game Toba- 
kalil. 

The illuftrious Buffov, or rather his friend Gueneau de Mont- 
beillard, defcribes fix Paradije-birds in his Hift. of Birds, torn iii. 
edit. in4to: and torn v. edit, in iamo, p. 207, 238. Thefe 
birds feem alfo to be delineated in Daubenton's fplendid Planches 
Enluminees, N" 254, 496, 631, 632, 633, 634. Sonnerat like- 
wife defcribes and delineates the fame fix birds. We fliall now 
therefore briefly compare thefe fix birds with what we have above 
deferibed at length from Valmtyn, vol. iii. 

E I. L'ci/eau 



26 AN ESSAY ON INDIA, 

I. L'oifeau de Paradis, is Valcntyn's, i. Paradifea major Ar li- 
ana ; and the Paradifea apoda Linn. 

II. Le Manucode, is Valentyn's, 7. Avis regia ; Paradifea regia 
Linn. 

III. Magnificent. Latham Syn. ii. 477. Index, i. 195. 

Le Magnifique, ou Manucode a bouquets, may feem in fome 
refpects referable to Valentyn's Paradifea minor Papuana •, though 
I confefs it much differs from it. 

IV. Superb. Latham Syn. ii. 479. Index, i. 196. 

Le Superbe, ou Manucode noir, as delineated in the Planches 
Enlum. feems to be either a young bird, or a hen, or taken at 
the moulting feafon ■, for Valentyn's 3. Paradifea nigra major, has 
long fetaceous feathers in the tail; and the Hift. of Birds, as 
well as Daubenton's Le Superbe, are without them. What Gueneau 
de Monbeillard obferves, however, is not to be overlooked ; that 
the ipecimens in the royal Paris mufeum are ill kept, and have 
loft thefe long feathers by accident. 

V. Gold-breasted. Latham Syn. ii... 481. Index, i. 196. 

Le Sifilet, ou Manucode a fix filets. I can fcarcely help thinking 
that this is Valentyn's, 4. Paradifea nigra minor, which by chance 
or defign had loft its long filaments near the ears. 

VI. Blue-green. Latham Syn. ii. 482. Index, i. 197. 
Le Calybe, feems to be an obfcure fpecies. 

The 



BY JOHN REINHOLD FORSTER, LL. D. 47 

The other Paradife-birds of Vakntyn are not yet fufficiently 
afcertained. It is greatly therefore to be wifhed, that a naturalifi: 
fhould undertake a journey into New Guinea, and the Papua iflcs, 
fince thefe regions feem full of new and unexplored natural 
wonders. In the meantime we hope that thefe obfervations con- 
cerning the Birds of Paradife will not be unacceptable to thofe 
who are defirous of an accurate knowledge of the works of 
Nature. 



E a 



INDIAN ZOOLOGY. 



II. 




The Long Tailed Squirrel 



INDIAN ZOOLOGY. 3 x 

I. 

SCIURUS MACROURUS. 
THE LONG-TAILED SQUIRREL. 

Sciurus Zeylanicus pilis in dorfo nigricantibus, Raii Syn. £hiad. 215- 
Sc. Macrourus, Gmelin. Lin. i. 148. 

/ "T A HIS fpecies is round in Ceylon and Malabar. In the Long-tailed 

Cingalefe tongue it is called JDandoelana ; and, from 
the noife it makes, Roekea. 

It is about three times the fize of the European fquir- 
rel. 

The ears are tufted with black hairs ^ the end of the 
nole is pink-coloured: the cheeks, legs, and belly, are of 
a dull yellow : between the ears is a yellow fpot : the 
crown of the head, and the back, are black : from each 
ear is a bifurcated line of the fame color, pointing down 
the cheeks : the upper part of the feet is covered with 
black hairs: the lower part naked and red. 

The tail is near twice the length of the body, of a light 
am-color, and extremely bufhy. The part next the body 
quite furrounded with hairs : on the remainder the hairs 
are feparated, and lie flat. 

THE 



3a INDIAN ZOOLOGY. 

Eve en i a THE tree is the Jambu Rumph. Amboin. i. 121. tab. 

37. Eugenia Malaccensis, Sp. PL 672. Fl. Zeyl. 
N° 187. It is the moft excellent of the Indian fruits, 
delicious in tafte, grateful in fmell, pleafing to the eye, and 
falubrious in its effects. 

Its native place is Malacca; and is only cultivated in 
Goa and Amboina, on account of its fine qualities, its rofeate 
fcent and color, and its happy faculty of allaying the rage 
of thirft in the burning fevers of the torrid zone. 



II. FALCO 



p. II. 




The Black & White Fae con 



INDIAN ZOOLOGY. 33 

II. 

FALCO MELANOLEUCOS. 

BLACK AND WHITE FALCON. 

F. Melanoleucos, Gmcl'in. Lin. i. 274. Latham^ i. 81. 
Index Ornith. i. 36- 



Bl. AC It AND 

White Falcon. 



TNHABITS Ceylon : its length is fixteen inches, its 

weight about ten ounces. 

The bill is black : the kides of a reddifh yellow: the 
orbits marked with white fpecks. The head, neck, back, 
fcapulars, quil-feathers, and fome of the middle coverts of 
the wings, are black ; the reft of the coverts, thofe of the 
tail, the tail itfelf, the breaft and belly, are of a pure 
white. 

This fpecies is called in the Cingalefe, Kaloe Koeroel- 
goya. We are uncertain whether it is trained for the 
amufement of falconry, as fome other kinds are, by the 
natives of Ceylon. 

THE tree is the Vidara of Rumpbius, ii. ij. tab. 36. Rhamkvi 
the Rhamnus jujuba, Sp. PL 282. Fl. Zeyl. N* 89. It JUJV8A> 

bears an eatable fruit, of very little flavor. 

F III. OTUS. 



34 INDIAN ZOOLOGY. 

III. 

O T U S BAKKAMOENA. 
THE LITTLE HORN OWL. 

Strix indica, GmeUn. Lin. i. 289. Latham., i. 127. 
Index Ornitk. i. 56. N° 14. 



LlT Ow E L K&RN / T" N HIS elegant fpecies is found in Ceylon ; is called 
there Bakkamoena, and is a fcarcc fpecies even in that 
ifland. 

It. is reprefented of its natural fize. The irides are 
fcarlet : the horns take their origin from the bafe of the 
bill, and point to the fides of the head : on their inner 
fide they are dufky, on their exterior white. 

The bill is dufky, furrounded with long briftles : the 
circle of feathers round the , eyes ■ is of a very pale afh- 
color : the external circle of a yellowifh brown. 

The head of a deep afh-color : the back dufky : co- 
verts of the wings grey, marked with narrow lines of 
black, pointing downwards : the quil-feathers regularly 
barred with black and white: the bread buff-colored, 
marked with imall fagittal black fpots : the legs feathered 
half way down : the naked part of a reddim yellow. 



Gloriosa THE plant is one of the moll beautiful of the Indies ; 

x but 



P.m. 




the Little hornI) Owl 



INDIAN Z O OL O G Y. 35 

but at the fame time its roots are the moft venemous. It 
is found in Ceylon and Malabar, and, on account of its 
charming appearance, is called by Linnaus, Gloriosa 
Superba, Sp. PL 437. By the natives it is ftyled Na- 
jajala and Nyagbala, poffibly from its being poffefied of a 
poifon as potent as that of the ferpent Naja, or Cobra de 
Capello, whofe bite is the mod fatal of any yet known. 



F z IV. TROGON 



3 6 INDIAN ZOOLOGY. 

IV. 
TROGON FASCIATUS. 

THE FASCIATED COUROUCOU *. 

Trogon fafciatus, Gmelin. Lin. i. 405. Latham, ii. 492. 
Index Ornith. i. 200. 

Fasciated '"T^HIS fpecies is rarely found in the ifle of Ceylon , 

Couroucou. , , .. . _ , , V. 

where the Ctngalefe call it Kantvan-kondea. A lpe- 
cies bearing fome refemblance to it is defcribed by M. 
Brifon, iv. 165, by the name Le Couroucou Cendre; but 
the bend on the breaft, which diftinguifhes the Indian 
fpecies, evinces it to differ from that of Cayenne. 
Description. Its length was ten inches and an half: the weight one 

ounce five-eighths. 

The bill black, thick, flrong, and arched; the bafe 
befet with briftles : the orbits naked, and of a deep blue : 
the irides yellow. 

The head and neck of a very deep dufky blue, fading 
into a paler as it approaches the breaft. 

Across the breaft is a fafcia or band of white; beneath 
that the whole under-fide is of a bright reddifh orange- 
color. 

• Read, on the plate, Thi Faiciated Couroucou. 

The 



> 

> 

o 

» 
o 

O 




INDIAN ZOOLOGY. 

The back is tawny; the coverts of the tail grey; the 
coverts of the wings, and the fcapulars, elegantly barred 
with narrow undulated lines of black and white; the 
quil-feathers dufky, ftriped with white on their out- 
ward webs. 

The tail is very long, tipped with black, and com- 
pofed of feathers of unequal lengths ; the exterior feathers 
being much the fhorteft. 

The legs and feet fmall and dufky : the toes difpofed 
two backward and two forward, as in the woodpecker 
tribe. 

THE plant is the Nummularia laftea minima, Kumpb. Numi 
Amboin. lib. ix. c. 78. 



37 



V. CUCULUS 



3 8 INDIAN ZOOLOGY. 

V. 
CUCULUS PYRRHOCEPHALUS. 

THE RED-HEADED CUCKOO. 

Cuculus Pyrrhocephalus, GmeTin. Lin. i. 417. Latham, ii. 544.' 
Index Ornith.. i. 222. 



Red-headed 
Cuckoo. 



/ "T*HE Cingalefe give this fpecies the name of Malkoha: 
it inhabits the woods, and lives on fruits. 

Its length is fixteen inches : its weight four ounces. 

The bill is much arched, ftrong, and of a greenifh- 
yellow color: the crown of the head, and part of the 
cheeks, are of a bright crimfon, entirely furrounded by a 
band of white. The hind part of the head and neck 
black, marked with fmall white fpots : the fore part of 
the neck entirely black. 

The back and wings black: the tail very long, com- 
pofed of feathers of unequal lengths ; their lower part 
black, the ends white. 

The breaft and belly white : the legs of a pale blue. 



VI. PICUS 



e 





o 

o 
* 
O 

3 




P. M 




The Red Woodpecker 



INDIAN ZOOLOGY. 

VI. 

PIC US MINIATUS. 
THE RED WOODPECKER. - 

Picus Mimatus, Gmclin. Lin. i. 432. Latham, ii. 595, 
Index Drnhh. i. 241. 

"JV/TR. Loten -mot this on the Highlands of Java. It is 
called by the Malayans, "Tockan, or the Carpenter, a 
name they give to woodpeckers in general, from the noife 
thefe birds make in boring trees, which refembles that 
made by a workman. 

It is drawn the.fize of life. The bill is of a dufky 
blue: the head of a deep dull red, and adorned with a 
long creft pointing backwards.: on the chin is a fpot of 
yellow. 

The hind part of the neck> the back, the coverts, and 
fecondary feathers of the wings,- are of ..the color of red 
lead: the fore part of the neck is of a rofe-color: the 
belly white. 

The quil-feathers black,, marked with large white 
fpots: the coverts of the tail green: the tail connfts of 
fharp-pointed feathers, like the Europe'a?i kind, and is of 
a deep blue. 

VII. PERDIX 



39 



Red Wood- 
pecker. 



4 o INDIAN ZOOLOGY. 

VII. 

PERDIX BICALCARATUS. 
DOUBLE-SPURRED PARTRIDGE. 

Perdix Bicalcarata, Gmelin. Lin. ii. 759. Forjler Ind. Zool. 25. 
Ceylon Partridge, Latham, iv. 758. Index Ornith. ii. 674. 

Double-Spur- *~T^ H E bill of the Male is red: from that to the re- 
gion of the eyes is a naked red fpace. The head is 
varied with black and white ftreaks. The whole neck, 
above and below, is black, elegantly marked with fagittal 
lines, the points tending upwards. The thighs white. 
The primaries dufky, edged with rufous. The back 
covered with rufous feathers, dufky on each fide of their 
fhafts. Tail' dufky. Legs red, on each a pair of flrong 
(harp fpurs. 

The head of the female is cinereous. The color of the 
back and belly rufous, brighter!: below. The tail dufky. 
Legs red and unarmed. 

These were taken near Colombo. The Cingakfe carl 
them Haben-Kukella* 



VIII. COLUMBA 





MA-F. double Spurr'd Partridge 




o 

M 



33 



INDIAN ZOOLOGY, 41 

VIII. 

COLUMBA MELANOCEPHALA. 

THE BLACK-CAPPED PIGEON. 

Columba Melanocephala, Gmelln. Lin. i. 781. Latham iv. 654, 
Index Ornith. ii. 6lO. 

'TpHIS raoft elegant fpecies is painted the fize of life. Black-capped 
It was found on the ground in the iile of Java, hav- „ IGE< "'' 

^ Heat of the 

ing dropped down dead in one of thofe hot days that are Torrid Zone. 
known only in the torrid zone, when the fowls of the air 
often periih, unable to refpire ; when lions, leopards, and 
wolves, immerge themfelves up to their noftrils in the - 
water, to preferve themfelves from the fcorching fun * ; 
and when even men themfelves have been forced to af- 
cend the higheft trees, in order to draw in a more tempe- 
rate air -j-. 

Such a day occafioned the difcovery of this fpecies. 

The fore part of the head, the cheeks, and beginning Description. 
of the breaft, were- white: the hind part of the head 
black : the chin yellow. 

• Boone's Accoant of the Climate and Difeafej of Senega!. 
f Phil. Trttn/afl. 1767. 

G The 



42 



INDIAN ZOOLOGY. 

The reft of the neck, the breaft, upper part of the 
belly, the back, coverts, and fecondary feathers of the 
wings, of a fine green : the quil-feathers of a dark pur- 
ple. 

The lower belly and vent feathers of a fine yellow t 
the outfide of the thighs green; the infide whiter the 
lower fide of the tail crimfon : the legs red. 



IX. MUSCICAPA 




?M *»l& Tlwty. 



M,tF.FLA51MEOVS .FLYCATCHER 



INDIAN ZOOLOGY. 43 

IX. 

MUSCICAPA FLAMMEA, 
FLAMMEOUS FLYCATCHER. 

Mufcicapa Flammea, Gmelin. Lin. ii. 942. Forjler hid. Zoo/. 25. 
Flammeous Flycatcher, Latham, iii. 338. Index Ornitb. ii. 474. 

'J V HE bill, head, neck, fore part of the back, and lefler Flammeous 

coverts of the wings, black : reft of the back bright 
orange or flame-color : primaries partly black, partly 
orange : breaft and belly of the laft color, finking into 
pale yellow towards the lower belly : tail dufky yellow 
towards the point : legs black. 

The upper part of the head, and whole back, of the 
fuppofed female, is afh- colored : about the cheeks and 
throat dufky : breaft orange : belly white : acrofs the 
primaries a flammeous band, bounded above and below 
with black : tail black, above. 

These are inhabitants of Ceylon. 



G 2 X. MOT A- 



44 INDIAN ZOOLOGY. 

X. 

MOTACILLA SUTORIA. 

THE TAILOR BIRD. 

Motacilla Sutoria, Gmelin. Lin. i. 997. Latham iv. 515. 
Index Ornhh. ii. 551. 

Tailor Bird. TT AD Providence left the feathered tribe unendowed 
with any particular inftincT:, the birds of the torrid zone 

Wondrous ' * < 

Ihstisct. would have built their nefls in the fame unguarded man- 
ner as thofe of Europe ; but there the lefTer fpecies, hav- 
ing a certain prefcience of the dangers that furround them, 
and of their own weaknefs, fufpend their nefts at the ex- 
treme branches of the trees; they are confcious of inha- 
biting a climate replete with enemies to them and their 
young ; with fnakes that twine up the bodies of the trees, 
and apes that are perpetually in fearch of preyj but, 
heaven-inflrufted, they elude the gliding of the one, and 
the activity of the other. 

An Indian An Indian foreft is a fcene the moft picturefque that 

jpQ REST 

can be imagined ; the trees feem perfectly animated ; the 
fantaftic monkies give life to the ftronger branches ; and 
the weaker fprays wave over your head, charged with 
vocal and various -plumed inhabitants. It is an error to 

5 % 



P.X 




The Taylor Bird 



INDIAN ZOOLOGY. 4 c 

fay that nature hath denied melody to the birds of hot 
climates, and formed them only to pleafe the eye with 
their gaudy plumage : Ceylon abounds with birds equal in 
fong * to thofe of Europe, which warble among the leaves 
of trees, grotefque in their appearance, and often loaden 
Avith the moft delicious and falubrious fruit. Birds of 
the richefl colors crofs the glades, and troops of peacocks 
complete the charms of the fcene, fpreading their plumes 
to a fun that has ample powers to do them juflice. The 
landfcape, in many parts of India, correfponds with the 
beauties of the animate creation : the mountains are lofty, 
fteep, and broken, but cloathed with forefls, enlivened 
with cataradls -f- of a grandeur and figure unknown to this 
part of the globe. 

But to give a reverfe of this enchanting profpect, 
which it is impomble to enjoy with a fuitable tranquillity j 
you are harafled in one feafon with a burning heat, or in 
the other with deluges of rain : you are tormented with 
clouds of noxious infects : you dread the fpring of the 
Tiger, or the mortal bite of the Naja. 

The brute creation are more at enmity with one ano- 
ther than in other climates ; and the birds are obliged to 
exert unufual artifice in placing their little broods out of 

• That of what the Portuguefe cadi Dominiquin, is particularly fine. 
f Thofe of the ifland of Ctltbes are diftinguiihed for their magnificent fcenery, . 
at appears from the drawings in poffeflion of Mr. Loten. 

the 



<6 I N D 1 A N Z O O L O G Y. 



Nest. 



the reach of an invader. Each aims at the fame end, 
though by different means. Some form their penfile neft in 
fhape cf a purfe, deep, and open at top ; others with a hole 
in the fide ; and others, fiill more cautious, with an en- 
trance at the very bottom, forming their ledge near the 
fummit *. 
Description. But the little fpecies we defcribe, feema to have greater 

diffidence than any of the others : it will not truft its neft 
even to the extremity of a {lender twig, but makes one 
more advance to fafety by fixing it to the leaf itfelf. 

It picks up a dead leaf, and, furpriiing to relate, fev/s it 
to the fide of a living one -j~, its flender bill being its 
needle, and its thread fome fine fibres; the lining, feathers 
goffamer, and down. Its eggs are white. The color of the 
bird light-yellow: its length three inches, its weight only 
three-fixteenths of an ounce, fo that the materials of tne 
neft, and its own fize, are not likely to draw down a habi- 
tation that depends on fo flight a tenure. 

• This inftinft prevales alfo among the birds on the banks of the Gambia, in 
Africa, which abounds with monkies and fnakes: others (for the fame end) 
make their neft in holes of the banks that over -hang that vaft river. Punhas. ii. 
/. 1576. 

f The live leaf in the print is that of the Mango tree. A neft of this bird k 
preferved in the Britijh Mufeum, 



XI. TAN- 




White headed ibis. 



INDIAN ZOOLOGY. 47 

xr. 

TANTALUS LEUCOCEPHALU.S. 
THE WHITE-HEADED IBIS. 

Tantalus Leucocephalus, Gmelin, Lin, i. 649. Latham-, v. 116. 
Index Ornitb. ii. 706. 

TN fize it is much fuperior to our largeft curlews. The White-headed 

bill is yellow, very longhand thick at the bafe, and a 
little incurvated : the noftrils very narrowband placed near 
the head : all the fore part of the head is covered with a Description, 
bare yellow, and feems a continuance of the bill ; and the 
eyes are, in a very fingular manner, placed very near' its 
bafe. 

The reft of the. head, the neck, back, belly, and fecon- 
dary feathers, are of a pure white ; a tranfverfe broad band 
of black crofies the brcaft : the quil-feathers, and coverts 
of the wings, are black : the coverts of the tail are very 
long, and of a fine pink color ; they hang oyer and con- 
ceal the tail. 

The legs and thighs are very long, and of a dull' fie fh- 
color; the feet femi-palmated, or connected by webs as 
far as the firft joint. 

6 .". This- 



4 8 INDIAN ZOOLOGY. 

Place. This bird was taken in the Ule of Ceylon, and kept 

tame for fome time at Colombo ; it made a mapping noife 
with its bill like a ftork ; and, what was remarkable, 
its fine rofy feathers loft their color during the rainy 
feafon. 



XII. GALLINULA 



INDIAN ZOOLOGY. 49 

XII. 
GALLINULA PHCENICURUS. 

THE RED-TAILED WATER-HEN. 

Railus Phcenicurus, Gmelin. Lin. i. 715. Latham., v. 259.. 
Index Ornith. ii. 770. 

THIS fpecies is very common in Ceylon, where it is Red-taile» 
r . J J 1 •■ J 1 Watbr-Hen. 

called Kaloe-kerewaka, and feems the fame kind that 
is fo often figured on the Indian papers. 

Its length is nine inches; its weight {even ounces and Description. 
a quarter. 

It has the form of the European kind : the bill a little 
thicker, of a greenim caft, tinged with red ; on the fore- 
head is a flefh-colored fpot. 

The hind part of the head and neck, the back and 
coverts of the wings, are black : the quil-feathers black, 
marked with large fpots of a bluilh caft. 

The crown of the head, the cheeks, and whole undcr- 
fide of the body, as far as the vent, are of a pure white : 
the vent feathers, and the tail, of a ferruginous red. 

The legs and feet long, and of a dirty green, tinged 
with red. 

H XIII. ANSER 



p INDIAN ZOOLOGY. 

XIIL 

ANSER MELANOTOS. 

THE BLACK-BACKED GOOSE. 

Anfer Melanotos, Gmelln. Lin. i. 503. Latham, vi, 449. 
Index Ornitb, ii. 839. 

Black-backed "VT OTWITHSTANDING the ifles of the Eaft-Indies 
fwarm with crocodiles, which are animals of infati- 
able voracity, catching at every living creature that fre- 
quents their element, yet no country abounds more with 
aquatic birds ; nature hath happily given them a quick - 
nefs of fight, and an inftantaneous locomotive power, 
which enables them to elude the jaws of an enemy, which, 
it is well known, cannot turn without the utmoft diffi- 
culty. It is by a fine inftindt that the leffer and more 
agile fpecies of ducks frequent, in flocks innumerable, the 
mores, the mouths of rivers, and the marfhy parts of the 
ifles, and are, with the crocodiles, joint tenants of the 
waters j while the larger and more clumfy fowl avoid 
thofe places, and, dividing into fmall families, haunt only 
the lakes and ftxeams that lie * in the deep receffes of the 

• Which Knox, in hit Hiftory of Ceylon, p. 3, fays, the crocodiles never 
approach. 

3 lofty 



INDIAN ZOOLOGY. 51 

lofty and craggy mountains, protected by the cataracts 
that prevent the approach of their enemy. 

Tame ducks abound fo greatly in the illes, that the Indjan 

capture of the wild fort is much neglected. Decoys are 
unknown there : the commoner! method of taking them 
is this : A man goes into the water with a pot or a hol- 
low calabafh on his head, and walks or fwims fo low as to 
conceal his whole body : the birds, imagining the gourds 
to be brought down accidentally, fufFer the fowler to ap- 
proach them ; he pulls them by the legs under water, 
fattens them to a girdle he wears for that purpofe, and 
then proceeds in his fport. This method is alfo practifed 
in China *, and was doubtlefs introduced there, and into 
India, from JEgypt, the original feat of fcience. 

The fpecies of goofe we now defcribe, is extremely Description. 
common in Ceylon, and is equal in fize to our wild goofe : 
the bill is long, and black ; at the bafe is a knob, which 
in old birds is very large. 

The head and neck are white, marked with fmall black 
fpots : the breafl and belly of a pure white : the back and 
wings are black, but the ends of the primary feathers of a 
fine variable green. 

The tail is fharp-pointed and black : the legs of the 
fame colour. 

* Du Halde Hijl. China, i. 314. 

H 2 XIV. ANAS 



5* INDIAN ZOOLOGY. 

XIV. 

ANAS POIKILORHYNCHUS. 

S P O T T E D-B ILLED DUCK. 

Anas Poikilorhyncha, Gmelin. Lin. i. 535. For/Ier, Ind. Zcol. 23. 
Spotted-billed Duck, Latham-, vi. 487. Index Ornith. ii. 850. 

Spotted. billed 'T~ S HE bill of this fpecies is black, tipt with yellow, 
and marked on each fide of the bafe with a red fpot : 
Description. a white line paffes from thence to and beyond the eye. 
The cheeks, and under lide of the neck and body, white, 
more and more clouded from the chin to the vent, which 
is totally black : the wings, back, and tail, are black ; 
each feather ilightly edged with white ; fome of the ter- 
tials wholly white : the fpeculum of a variable green, 
bounded above and below with a narrow line of white. 

This is the common wild duck of Ceylo?i; and, if I 
recoiled: right, is not inferior in fize to the Englijh wild 
duck. 



XV. ANHINGA 



XIV. 




Spotted Bill Dick 



INDIAN ZOOLOGY. 53 

XV. 

ANHINGA MELANOGASTER. 
THE BLACK-BELLIED ANHINGA. 

Plotus Melanogafter, Gmelin. Lin. i. .580. Latham, vi. 624. 
Index Ornitb. ii. 895. 

WE • g^e' it this epithet, to diftinguifh it from an Ame- Black-bellied 
C ■ - t 1 C\ u II * Anhinga. 

ncan ipecies with a lilvery belly *. 

This kind is found in Ceylon and Java, but is not 
peculiar to thofe iflands -, a variety, if not the fame, being- 
met with in Senega/ ■j-. 

It fits on the fhrubs that hang over the water; and, in 
a country where every one's ideas are filled with ferpents, 
often terrifies the paffengers by fhooting out its long {len- 
der neck, which, in their firft furprize, they take for the 
darting of fome fatal reptile. 

Its body is about the fize of that of a common duck, Description, 
but the neck extremely long : the bill {trait, long, and 
fharp-pointed ; the upper part of a pale blue, the lower 
reddifh. 

The eye is very piercing. 

* Found in Brafil. Vide Marcgraw, Hi/}. Brafilia, 2 1 8. 
f Planches Enluminees, 107. 

The 



$i I N D I A N Z O O L O G Y. 

The head and neck and upper part of the breaft are of 
a light-brown j each fide of the head, and the upper part 
of the neck, marked with a broad white line. 

The crop is very large. 

The back, fcapulars, and coverts of the wings, are 
marked lengthways, in equal portions, with flripes of 
black and white. 

The quil-feathers, belly, thighs, and tail, of a deep 
black j the tail remarkably long and {lender. 

The legs and feet of a pale green; the four toes united 
by webs, after the manner of thofe of the corvorant. 



XVI. SQUALUS 



^ 




< 

c 
pa 



INDIAN ZOOLOGY. J5 

XVI. 

S QJJ ALUS TIGRINUS. 
THE TIGER SHARK. 

Squalus Tigrinus, Gmelin. Lin. i. 1493. Blicbe, i. 19. N°4. 
Gronov. Muf. i. N° 136. Seb. Maf. iii. 105. tab. 34. fig. i, 
Herman., tab. Affin. p. 302. Former, Ind. Zool. 24. 

/ T"" S HE head of this fhark ends obtufely, being of an Ticer Shark. 

equal thicknefs : the noftrils are at the end of the 
nofe : at each corner of the mouth is a ftrong beard : 
the fins of the back are rounded and contiguous : it is 
of the divifion that has the anal fin. The ground-color 
is dufky: the body marked with white bands pafling 
from the back towards the belly : the fins are fpotted 
with the fame color. 

This fpecies grows to the length of fifteen feet, and is 
faid to feed on the teflaceous and cruftaceous animals of 
the fea. 



Description. 



XVII. LABRU3 



5 5 INDIAN ZOOLOGY. 

XVII. 

LABRUS ZEYLANICUS. 

THE CEYLON WRASSE. 

Labrus Zeylanicus, Gmelln. Lin. i. 1287. Ferjler, Ind. Zool. 24. 
Labrus Polyodon, Seb. Muf. iii. p. 96. tab. xxxi. fig. 7. 

Ceylon Wrasse. *Tp H I S fpecies refembles in form the elegant European 
fpecies, the L. Pavo, and L. lulls. The head is 
blue : the coverts of the gills green, marked with purple 
lines : the whole body of a rich green : the dorfal and 
anal fins purple, edged with pale fky-blue : on the mid-- 
die of the pectoral fin is an oblong purple fpot, environed 
with light blue : the tail is lunated, the bafe blue : the 
two fide rays (which appeared by the drawing to be 
ftrong) purple ; the intervening rays yellow. The fize, 
about a foot and a half. 

Inhabits the feas of Ceylon and Java: is called by the 
Cingalefe, Dfcblrau-Malu : by the Dutch, Papegaay Vifch, 
or Parrot -f.fi ; and is eaten by the common people. 



Description. 



THE 



THE 



INDIAN FAUNULA. 



FAUNULA INDICA, 



59 



CLASS I. Quadrupeds, 



DI V. I. Hoofed. 



Genus. 

I. 
Horse. 



II. 
Ox. 



III. 

Sheep. 



S E C T. I. Whole-Hoofed. 

i. f^i ENEROUS. - Hist. Quad. vol. i. N° I. 

2. VJT Dfhikketi. — 2 - 

3. Afs, wild and tame. - - -- --- — 3« 

SECT. II. Cloven-Hoofed. 

1. Great Indian. -- -- ----- — 6. A. 

1. Little. --- - -- ----- — 6. B. 

3. Buffalo. - -..- — 8. 

4. Dwarf. — 8. A. 

5. Anoa. - - - -- --- — 8. B. 

6. Guavera. __---- - — 8. C. 

1. Common. -- -- ------ — 11. 

2. Wild. — • H. p. 38. 

3. Carnero. - - - - - - - — F. p. 35. 

I a IV. Goat. 



6o 



FAUNULA INDICA. 



IV. 
Goat. 



V. 

Antelope. 



VI. 

Deer. 



VII. 

Musk. 



VIII. 

Camel. 

IX. 

Hoc. 



X. 

Rhinoceros. 

XI. 
Elephant. 



i. Domeftic. - - - - - - - - - - N° 13. a. p. 5; 

2. Caucaian ?--- - _-_-- — 14. 

1. Algazel. -- - -- --- -- — 21. 

2. Indian. ------ ----- — 22. 

3. Indoftan. - - - -- ___ __ — 26. 

4. White-footed. _-- __-_-_ — 27. 

5. Common. - _--- _____ . — -1, 

6. Smooth-horned. -- -- -- -- — |3. p. 80. 

7. Chinefe ?-- --- -- - - - — 36. 

1. Spotted Axis. - -- ------ — 47. 

2. Middle-fized A. - — 48. 

3. Great A. - - -- — 48. * 

4. Porcine. ---------- — 49. 

5. Rib-faced. ---- ------ — 50. 

1. Indian. ----- ------ — $6. 

2. Guinea. _-------„-- — 57. 

1. One-bunched. _-- _-___- — 58. 

1. Common. ----- -- --- — 61. 

2. Baby-roufTa. -- -- -- -- - — 6$. 



1. One-horned. 
1. Great. - • 



-67. 



— 70. 



DIV. II. 



FAUNULA INDICA. 61 



DIV. II. Digitated Quadrupeds. 

SECT. I. Anthropomorphous. 

* Tail-less* 
XII. 
Ape. i. Orang-outang. ---..----N'72. 

2. Satyr. ... - Schreber, 64. tab. ii. B. 

3. Long-armed. ---------- 74. 

4. Leffer L. armed. - ---- -._ _ 74, a . 

5. Shaggy. - - . - - - - Lev. Muf. 

6. Golok. ----- PbiLTr. lix. 72. 

7. Pygmy — 73. 

8. Barbary ? - - - - - - Erxleben, 14. 

* * With Short Tails. Baboon's. 

9. Litde. - - — 83. 

10. Pig-tail _ — 85. 

11. Lion-tailed — 83. 

*** With Long Tails. Monkies. 

12. Purple-faced. --.---_.-_ 2g. 

13. Talapoin. --__ ___ . _. — ^ 

14. Egret. -- - __ IOf . 

15. Monea. --.- .-.-... — I02# 

16. Chinefe. ----- -.___. jq^. 

17. Cochin-china? --------- 107. 

18. Tawny. -- — io 8. 

19. Philippine. -_- -- --_-. ri r. 

I 3 XIII. Maucauco. 



62 



F A U N U L A I N D I C A. 



XIII. 

Maucauco 



XIV. 
Doc. 



XV. 
Cat. 



i. Tail-lefs. - - - - - N° 128. 

2. Loris. -- - - - - - _ - -- — 129. 

3. Tarfier. --- -_ .___-. — 133. 
4- Flying. - - - - — 135. 

SECT. II. Rapacious. Canine Teeth. 

1. Faithful. ----------- . — 136. 

2. Bengal. - - - De Buffon, v. tab. xxxiv. 

3. Schackal. - - - - - - - - -- — 145. 

1. Lion. ------------ — n;i. 

2. Tiger. - - _ - ... __ - - — 152. 

3. Panther. ----------- — J53. 

4. Leopard. - - -- -_- - - . — **54. 

5. Leffer Leopard. -.«--.-_- — 155. 

6. Hunting. - ------ - -- — 156. 

7. Bengal. ----- .-- _._ — 164. 

8. Lynx. -- -- --- _- .- — 170. &vol. ii. 

9. Perfian L. - - - ---- _ - ^ — 173. 

10. Serval. .-- _-. ..--__ — 169. 



XVI. 

Bear. 

XVII. 

Badger. 

XVIII. 

Opossum. 



1. Brown. 



1. Indian. 



174. 



— 180. 



1. Molucca. -- -- -. - - . - — .182. 

2. Javan. --- __. _-. -_ — 183. 

3. Phalanger. ---- - — 190. 

6 XIX. Weesel. 



FAUNULA INDICA. 63 

XIX. 

Weesel. I. Ichneumon. - - - - - - - -- N" 211. 

2. Civet. ------_•----'■ — 223. 

3- Zibet. - - - - — p. 348. 

4. Foflane. ---------- — 225. 

5. Zeylan. - - - - Gmelin. Lin. Syft. 89. 

6. Malacca. - - - Sonnerat Voy. ii. 144. 

7. Fafciated. - The fame, ii. 193. 



SECT. III. Without Canine Teeth, 

Generally Herbivorous. 
XX. 
Cavia. 1. Surinam. - - - Hist. Quad. vol. ii. — 238, 

XXI. 
Hare. it. Common. ----- _- __„__ 241, 

2. Rabbet. ----------- 244. 

3. Ogotona. ---------- — 249. 

XXII. 
Porcupine. !• Crefted. ------___-_ _ 2 ^j a 

2. Long-tailed. -- -- -- ---__ 254. 

XXIII. 

Squirrel. I. White-legged. - -- — 2 66. y„ 

2. Ceylon. ----- fad. Zool. tab. 1. — 267. 

3- Javan. _ 269. 

4. Bombay -_____--___ ino. 

5. Ruddy. -- — 271. 

6. Fair. ------_____ 116. 

7. Palm. -•-----.-_- — 279 , 

8. Plantane, --_ -- --_ -_ — 2 So. y. 

9. Great. - - - - Gmelin. Lin. Syft. 149. — a8i. 
Dfchinfchi. - - - Gmelin. Lin. Syft. 151. 

Flying, 



64 F A U N U L A INDICA, 

Flying. 

io. Salient; N° 281. 

it. Arrow. - Gmelin. Lin. Syfi. 154. 

XXIV. 

Jerboa. i. Middle. ----------- — 292.(3. 

2. Torrid. — 294. 

XXV. 

Rat. 1. Brown. ----- ------ — 298. 

2. Moufe. — 3 OI « 

3. Oriental. - - -- — 3°4> 

XXVI. • 

Shrew. i. Perfuming. ---------- — 337. 

2. Murine. ------ — 340. 

XXVIT. 
Hedge-hog. i. Tendrac. - --- ---- -- — 357. 

SECT. IV. Without Cutting Teeth. 

XXVIII. 
Sloth. i. Urn-form. --- -__-___ 

2. Two-toed. ---- ------ _ 260. 

SECT. V. Without Teeth. 

XXIX. 

Manis. 1. Short-tailed. --- -*- -- -- — 368. 

XXX. Ant-eater, 



FAUNULA INDICA. * 6$ 

XXX. 

Ant-eater. i. Obfcure. - ----- Laft paragraph. N° 372. 

2. Talgoi. ----- .«_-_- —p. 50. 



D I V. III. Pinnated Quadrupeds. 

XXXI. 

Walrus. i. Indian. ------ .___- — 374. 

XXXII. 

Manati. 1. Whale-tailed. -- - - --__, — 390. 



D I V. IV. Winged Qjj adrupeds. 

XXXIII. 

Bat. i. Ternate. ---------- — 393. 

2. Cordated. ---------- — 397. 

3. Striped. ---------- — 404. 

4. Molucca. -------_-„ — 405. 



CLASS 



FAUNULA INDICA. 67 



CLASS II. Birds. 



DIV. I. Land Birds. 



ORDER I. Rapacious. 

This Catalogue is taken from Mr. Latham's Synopsis of Btrds, in Seven 
Volumes, Quarto (including the Supplement) ; and from his Index Ornitho- 
logicus, the moft complete Work in its kind which I am acquainted with. 

Genus. 

I. Lath. Syn. 



Vulture. i. DENGAL_ - - - - - - - - I. ig.pl. 



2. Pondicherri. - Son. Voy. Ind. \\.p. 182. 7 y,y , 

pi. 104. ) 

3. Indian. - Son. Vcy.Ind. ii. 183. pi. 105. — 6. 

4. Gingi. - - - - Son. Voy. Ind. ii. 184. — 7. 

5. Cheriway. - - - - Jacquin. Fog. pi. 4. — 5. 

6. Secretary. - Phil. 'TranJ. lxi. p. 55. tab. 2. I. 20. pi. 2. 

II. 

Falcon. i. Cheela. ______ VII. 33. 

2. Kite. - Br. Zool. I. 61. 

3. Indian. -_ ___. — j4-*d. 

4. Pondicherri. - PL Enlum. 416. — 41. 

5. Javan. - - Index Orn. p. 27. 

6. Maritime. - - Licht. Mag. \v. 2, 6. 20. 

7. Red Indian. - - - - Will. p. 81. /. 9. I. 69. 

K 2 8. Crefted 



63 



FAUNULA INDICA. 



III. 
Owl. 



IV. 

Shrike. 



V. 

Parrot. 



Lath. SrN» 
3. Crcfted Indian. I. 8c. 

9. White-crefted. --------- — 82. 

10. Pied. - Ind.ZooL I. 81.&VII.20. 

11. Behree. ----- .-____ VII. 35. 

12. Brown. - - Brown III. Zool. 6. t. 3. I. 96. 

13. Criard. - - - -------- VII. 38. 

14. Bengal. - Edw. Birds, iii. pi. 108. I. 112-. 

* Eared. 

1. Ceylon. - - - - Brown III. p. 8. /. 4. I. 120. VII. 4.U 

2. Coiomand'el. - - - - - _ _. _ _ VII. 44. 

3. Bakkamuna. - - - - - - Lid. Zool. I. 127. 



- 13S. 

- 64. 



* * Without Ears. 

4. White. -------- Br. Zool. 

5. Javan. - Licht. Mag. iv. 2. 10. Index 1 

Orn. p. 64. y 

ORDER II. Pies. 

1. Malabar. - - Son. Voy. Ind. ii. pi. 111. VII. 56./;/. 108. 

2. Forked-tail. PL Enl. 189. I. 158. 

3. Luzonian. - _ - Brif. n. pi. 18. /. 1. — 172 

4. Antiguan. ----- Son. Voy. pi. jo. — 171 

5. Crefted-red. - Edw. Birds, pi. 54. — 170 

6. Jocofe. ------ PI. Enl. 508. — 175 

7. Bengal. - - Edw. Birds, pi. 190. — 175 

8. White. ----- Son. Voy. pi. 72. — 189 

9. White-billed. - - - - PL Enl. 9. /. 1. —181 

10. Dominican. - - Son. Voy.pl. 16. — 181 

11. Panayan. ----- - Ibid. pi. 70. — 182 

12. Boulboul. - - ---- ---- VII. 57 

13. Spotted. - - - - - 



Gingi. 



- J. R. Forfier. 

- PL Enl. 239. 



209. 
2. Amboins 



FAUNULA INDICA. 69 

Lath. Svn. 

2. Amboina red. - - - - PI. Enl. 240. I. 210. 

3. Blu--hcaded. ----- PL Enl. 192. —211. 

4. Indian. ------ Edw. pi. 292. — 237. 

5. Ofbeck's. - -- __- -____* 237. 

6. Red-breafted. - Edw.pl. 232. — 212. 

7. Black -crowned. - - Seba, i. pi. 63. /. 4. — 213. 

8. Papuan. ----- Son.Voy.pl. hi. — 215. 

9. Bornean. ------ Edw.pl. 173. — 216. 

10. Molucca Lory. - - - PL Enl. 519. — 274. 

11. Coccineous Lory. - PL Enl. 143. 217. 

12. Black-capped Lory. - - - Edw.pl. 170. — 273. 

13. Beautiful Lory. --___-__ — 2\i. 

14. Crimfon Lory. - - - - PI. Enl. 518. — 273. 

15. Gueby Lory. ----- PL Enl. 604.. — 219. 

16. Ceram Lory, and Varieties. - - - - - — 269, 2^0-1. 

17. Variegated Lory. --_ -- _-_ — 220. 

.8. Purpie-capped W . . {*£■£%£] - .7.. 

19. Lory Parakeet. ----- Edw. 174. — 221. 

20. Bontian. --_ -____ _ _ — 223. 

21. Crimfon-vented. -- -- ____ — 220. 

22. Varied-winged. - - - Son. Voy. pi. 43. — 234. 

23. Lace-winged. . ... PL Enl. 287. — 244. 

24. Alexandrine. - Edw.pl. 292. — 234. 

25. Purple-ringed. - - Albin. ii. pi. 18. — 236. 

26. Muftachoe. PL Enl. 517. — 238. 

27. Bloflbm-headed. - - - - PL Enl. 144. — 239. 

28. Rofe-headed. - Edw. pi. 233. — 239. 
2-9. Red-winged. - - - - Edw.pl. 236. — 246. 

30. White-collared. - Gen. Birds, 59. — 251. 

31. Black Cockatoo. - Edw.pl. 316. — 260. 

32. Red-crefted C Edw.pl. 160. — 257. 

33. Red-vented C. - - - Brown's III. pi. 5. — 258. 

34. Great White C PL Enl. 263. — 256. 

35. Red and White C. --------- 260. 

36. Hawk-headed. - - - - Edw. pi. 165. —266. 

37. Red 



7° 



FAUNULA INDICA. 



VI. 

Horn-bill. 



37. Red Molucca Lory. - 

38. Grand Lory. - - - 

39. Cochin China. - - ■ 
Green and Red Chinefe. 
Great-billed. - - - 
Amboina Gramineous. 
Manilla Green. - - 
Eaftern. - - - - 
Amber. - - - - 
Golden-wingrd. 
Blue-rumped. - - 
Red and Green. - 
Sapphire-crowned. - 
Philippine. - - - 
Black-winged. 
Collared. - - - - 
Luzonian. - - 



40 
4i 
42 
43 
44 
45 
46 

47 
48 

49 

50, 

5 1 - 

S n - 
53' 



PL EnL 
PL EnL 



519. 

683. 



Edw.pl. 231, 
- - PL EnL 713. 
- - PL EnL 862, 
Br if. iv. pi. 22. /. 2. 



VII. 
I. 



VII. 



Edw.pl. 293. 



- Edw.pl. 6 
- Edw. pi. 293 
- PL EnL 520 
Brown III. pi. 8 
Son. Voy.pL 2,9 
Son. Voy.pL 40 



Lath. Svn. 

L 274. 

275. 

65. 

278. 

278. 

279. 

296. 

64. 

■ 6 S . 

I. 309. 

VII. 66. . 

I. 311. 

— 312. 

— 311. 

— 316. 

— 3*7- 

— 318. 



Rhinoceros. 
Helmet. - 
Philippine. 
Pied. - 
Indian. - 

6. Panayan. 

7. Manilla. - 

8. White. '- 

9. Wreathed. 
10. Ginsji. 



— 342. VII. 69. 

— 343 

— 345 

— 349. VII. 69. 

— 35 r 

— 353 

— 354 

— 357 

— 358. VII. 70. 
Son. Voy. hid. ii. pi. 121. VII. 71 



- - - - Edw.pl. 281. B. 

- - - - Edzv.pl. 281. C. 
JW. Gtfz. 28./. 6. and?. 31./. 1. 

to. ^"07. /»</. ii. pi. 121. 

- - - - - PL EnL 283. 

- - - PL EnL 780,781. 

----- PL EnL 891. 

Damp. Fey. iii, ^>/. 3. 



VII. 
Crow. 



1. Philippine. - 

2. Short-tailed, - - 

3. Philippine Sh. tailed. 

4. Bengal Sh. tailed. - 

5. Molucca Sh, tailed. 

1 



- PL EnL 603. 

- PL EnL 258. 
- / /. EnL 89. 

- Edw. pi. 324. 
PL EnL pi. 257. 



I. 381. 

— 398. 

— 398- 

— 399- 

— 395- 

6. 



Malacca 



FAUNULA INDICA. 



7i 



Lath. Syn. 
Malacca Sh. tailed. Son. Voy. Ind. ii. pi. no. VII. 81. 
Malabar Sh. tailed. - - - Id. p. 191. — 82. A. 



VIII. 
Roller. 



IX. 

Oriole. 



X. 

Grakle. 



XI. 

Paradise. 



I. 

2. 

3- 

4- 
5- 
6. 

7- 
8. 

9- 
10. 



P/. __»/. 285. I. 410. 
Edw.pl. 327. — 408. 

PL Enl. 619. —411. 

Edw.pl. 326. — 412. 

.>--- VII. 87. 



Bengal. - 
Senegal. 
Oriental. 
Indian. - 
Fairy. - 
Grey- tailed. 



Golden. - - Br. Zool. II. 449- 

Black-headed. - - Edw.pl. 77. — 45 *• 

Yellow. - - - - - - Edw.pl. 186. — 451. B. 

Indian. - - Aldrov. Av.\. pi. in p, 862. — 452. D. 



Minor Grakle. 
Greater Minor. 
Bald. - - - 
Paradife. - - 
Dial. - - - 



Edw.pl. 17. 

- Id. ibid. 

PL Enl. 200. 

PL Enl. 219. 

Edw. pi. 181. 



— 455- 
~ 457- 

— 457- 

— 458. 

— 465. 



VII. 90. 



- Edw.pl. no. — 1 

- Edw. pi. 496. — 

- PL Enl. 63 r. — 
Index Orn. p. 195. 
------ II. 



Great. - - - 

King. - - - - - 

Magnificent. - - - 

Crefted. Wil. Orn. 92. 

Gorget. - - - - - 

White-winged ---- _____ yil. 

Superb PL Enl. 632. II. 

Gold-breafled. - PL Enl. 633. 

Golden. - - - - - Edw.pl. 112 

Blue-green. - - - - - PL Enl. 634 



47i. 
475- 
477- 



478._>/. 20. 
92. 

479- 

— 481. 

— 483- 
— ■ 482. 

11. White, 



7* 



FAUNULA INDICA. 



XIII. 

Barbet. 



XIV. 
Cuckoo. 



XV. 
Wryneck. 



ii. White. - Index Orn. p. 197. 12. 

12. Setaceous. Gerin. Orn. t.6$.f. 1. ? 197. 12. )3. 



Lath. Svm. 



XII. 

Carucui. 1. Fafciated. - 

2. Spotted. 

3. Blue-cheeked. 

4. Indian. - - 



- - Ind. Zool. II. 492. 7. & /3. 
Brown.Ill.pl. 13. — 491. 
- ----- VII. 93. 

. - ______ 94 . 



Philippine. _ - 
Black-throated. - 
Great. - _ _ . 
Green. - 
Red-crowned. - 
Indian. - - - • 
Zeylan. - - - 
Gerini ? - Ger. 



- - - PL Enl. 331. II. 500. 

- Son. Voy.pl. 34. — 511. 
- - PI. Enl. 871.? VII. 95. 

- - - PI. Enl. 870. II. 504. 

- - Brown. Ill.pl. 14. — 5°5* 
- ------ VII. 97. 

- - Brown. Ill.pl. 15. II. 506. VII. 95. 
Orn. ii. pi. 181. Indexl 

Orn. p. 207.) 



Indian fpotted. - 
Chinefe fpotted. - 
Black. - - - 
Coromandel crefted. 
Bengal. - - - 
Sacred. - - - 
Panayan. - - - 
Grey-headed. - 
9. Sonnerat's. - - 

10. Yellow-bellied. - 

11. Paradife. - - 

12. Collared. - - - 

13. Red-headed. - - 



1. Wryneck. - 



- Edw.pl. 59 

- PI. Enl. 764 

- PI. Enl. 274 
- PI. Enl. 872 
Brozvn III. pi. 1 3 

- PI. Enl. 294 
Son. Voy.pl. 79 



II. 516. 

— 5i9- 
VII. 99. 

II. 520. 

— 525. 

— 526. 
527. 



VII 



- - - PI. Enl. 814. 
BriJ. iv. pi. 14. A. /. 1. 

- - - PI. Enl. 274. 

- - - - lnd. Zool. 



102. 

— 102. 
II. 527. 

— Si9- 

— 529- 

— 544- 



Br. Zool. — 548. 

XVI. Wood- 



FAUNULA INDICA. 



73 



XVI. 
Wood- 
pecker. 



Lath. Syn. 



XVII. 

Xing-fisher. 



Little fpotted. 
Cardinal. - - 
Brown. - - ■ 
Goa. - 
Bengal. - - 

6. Ceylon. 

7. Philippine. - 

8. Manilla. - - 

9. Half-billed. - 

0. Red-winged. - 

1. Malacca. - 



- - - Br. Zool. 

- - Son. Voy. pi. 35. 
- PL Enl. 748. /. 2. 

- - PL Enl. 696. 

- - Edw.pl. 182. 
Natitrforfch. xiii. pi. 1. 

- - PL Enl. 691. 

- - Son. Voy.pl. 36. 

. - - - Ind. Zcol. 



II. 



VII. 



-1. Cape. ------ PI. Enl. 590 

2. Black and White. - - - - Edw. pi. 9 

3. Great Bengal. - PL Enl. 894 

4. Ten-rou joulon. - - - - PL Enl. 757 
•5. White-collared. - Brif. iv. pi. 37. /. 2. A 

6. Green-headed. - - - - PL Enl. 783 

7. Collared. ----- Sen. Voy. pi. 32 

8. Black-capped. - Son. Voy.pl. 31 

9. Coromandel. - Son. Voy. Ind. ii. pi. 118.? 

Ind. Orn. p. 252.3 

10. Red-headed. - - - - Gen. Birds, pi. 5. 

11. Purple. - - - - PL Enl. 778. /. 2. 

12. Bengal. ------- Br. Zool. 

13. Crefted. - - - - - - PL Enl. 756. 

14. Eaftern. - - - Brif. iv. j>L 37. /. 1. A. 

15. Ternate. - - - - - - PL Enl. 116. 



If. 



566. (3. y. 
576. 

577- 
582. 
580. 
581. p. 
581. 

583. 
586. 

595- 
1 1 1. 



610.VII. 114. 

612. 

616. B. 

617. 
620. 
620. 
623. D. 
625. A. 



629. & A. 

630. 

631. 

632. 632. /3. 

6 33- 

6 34- 



T H R E E-T O ED. 



* . Tridadtylous. 



Son. Voy.pl. 32. Index 
Orn. i. 260 
L 



:l 



645- 

XVIII. Nut- 



74 

XVIII. 

Nut-hatch. 

XIX. 
Tody. 

XX. 

Bee-eater. 



FAUNULA INDICA. 

Lath. Syn-. 

i. Long- bill. - - - - VII. 118. 

i. Variegated. ---------- II. 659. 

1. Indian. - - - - - - Edw.pl. 183. — 670. 

1. Philippine. - - - Brif*. iv. pi. 43. / 2. — 672. C 

3. Philippine. ----- PI. Enl. 57. — 674. 

4. Yellow. ----- lFill.Orn.pl. 11. — 676. 

5. Coromandel. - Son. Voy.Ind. ii. pi. 119. VII. 120. 

6. Yellow-throated. -- --- --- H. 678. 

7. Red-headed. - - Brif. iv. pi. 44. /. 3. A. — 679. 

8. Molucca. - -- ---- --- — 684. 

Common. European. ------- — 667. 



XXI 

Hoopo. 



1. Crefted. - - - 

2. Crefted Promerops. 

3. Red-billed Pr. - 

4. Blue. - - - 



- - Br. Zool. II. 687. VII. 122. 

Seb. i. t. 30. /. 5. — 691. 

- ----- VII. 124.pl. no. 

- - - - - - — ibid. 



XXII. 

Creeper. 



1. Familiar? - - - 

2. Manilla. - 

3. Red-breafted. 

4. Brown and White. 

5. Luzonian. 

6. Philippine. 

7. Collared. - - _ 

8. Ceylon. - - - 

9. Grey. - - - - 
10. Little. - - - - 
n. Lotenian. 

12. Green-gold. - - 
1 



Br. Zool. 



- PI. Enl. 246. 
- Edw. pi. 26. 

Son. Voy. pi. 30. D. 
- PI. Enl. 576. 1. 

- Edw.pl. 265. 



- PI. Enl. 576. /. 2. 

- PI. Enl. 576. /. 3. 
P/. £»/. 575. /. 2. 3. 

Seb.Jb.pl. 69. /. 5. 



II. 701. 

— 706. 

— 706. 

— 7°7- 

— 708. 

— 711. 

— 709. 

— 7i3- 
714. 
714. 

— 7i5- 

— 716. 

I- 



A. 
8. 
A. 
B. 



A. 



— 714. A. 



Afiatic. 



FAUNULA INDICA. 75 

Lath. Syn. 

13. Afiatic. Index Orn. \. 288. 

14. Red-backed. Son, Voy. Ind. ii. pi. 117. /. 1. VII. 132. 

15. Red-fpotced. - - - - - Edw.pl. 81. II. 73 6 - 

16. Indigo. - - - - - VII. 130. 

17. Yellow-bellied. Son. Voy. Ind. ii. pi. 116./. 1. — 131. 

18. Tufted. -- -- ----- --— 132. 

19. Red-billed. - - - _ — 133. 

20. Yellow-winged. --------- 133* 

si. Lone;- billed. --- ------ 133. 

22. Macaffar. - - - Seb. i. pi. 63. f. 1. II. 74i- 

23. Indian. - - - - Seb. \\. pi. 19. f. 2. — 74 1 - 

24. Amboina. - - - - Seb. ii. pi. 62. /. 2. — 74 1 - 



ORDER. III. Passerine. 
XXIII. 

Stare. i. Contra. Ed-w.pl. 187. III. 5- 

XXIV. 

Thrush. i. Pagoda. --- — 3°- V H- HO. 

2. Malabar. - - - - - - - ■■ - - — 30. VII. 140. 

3. Chinefe. - - - - Brif. ii. /»/. 23. /. 1. — 36. 

4. Philippine. ---------- — 3S. 

5. Sum. - - - - - - — 38. 

6. Penflve. - - - - P/. Enl. 636. 564. — 53. 

7. Hermit. - - - - - - PI. Enl. 339. — 54- 

8. Pigeon. --- -- — 64. 

9. Dominican. - - - -PI. Enl. 627. 2. — 58. 

10. Songfter. ----- Son. Voy. pi. 73. — $9. 

11. Malabar. - - - - - - - - - - — 60. 

12. Ceylon. ------ Edw.pl. 321. — 62. 

13. Orange-beaded. --------- VII. 145. 

14. Indian. ----- P/. Enl. 564. 1. III. 66. 

15. Grey. ------------ — 67. 

16. Mindanao. - P/: £«/. 627. 1. — 69. 

L 2 i7» Long- 



76 



XXV. 

COLY. 



XXVI. 
Grosbeak. 



FAUNULA INDICA. 

Lath. Syn. 

17. Long-tailed. - - - - - - - - - HJ. y2.pl.3g. 

18. Amboina. - - - - Seb. i. pi. 62. /. 4. 77. 

19. Yellow-crowned. - - Brown III. pi. 22. — 74. VII. 14' 

20. Afh-rumped. - - - - PL Enl. 273. 2. — 74. 
21 • G ing' - ---- VII. 144. 

22. Dauma. ______ ...-_ _ , \ac. 

23. Black and Scarlet. -- . — 146. 

24. Rofe-colored. ----- Edvu.pl. 20. — 142. 
Rock. European. -------- Hj, 57. 

1. Panayan. ----- Son. Voy. pi. 74. — 103. 
1. Indian. ----- -._-_. yil. I4 ^ 



1. Gold-backed. - - Brown III. pi. 25. III. 

2. Cardinal. - - - Muf. Carl/, fafc ii. /. 41. — 

3. Boeton. ----- Seb. i. pi. 60. /. 4. — 

4. Madagafcar. - - - - PI. Enl. 134. 2. — 

5. Java Edw. pi. 41. 42. — 

6. Philippine. - - - - PL Enl. 135. 2. — 

7. Bengal. - - - - - - Edw. pi. 189. — 

%. Sumatran. - Muf. Carl/, fafc. iii. /. 71. 7 

7»<fev Orn. 384. J 

9. Yellow ?--.------__ _ 

10. Yellow-rumped. -------- — 

11. Malacca. - - - - - - Edw. pi. 355. — - 

12. Molucca. - - - - - PL Enl. 139. 2. — 

13. Cowry. ------ Edw. pi. 40. — 

14. Brown ?- ----..-_-_. — 

15. Lineated ? - - - - Brif. iii. pi. 17. 1. — 

16. Red-billed. - - Edw. pi. 271. 2. — 

17. Cinereous. - - „ - Edw. pi. 179. 2. — 

18. Indian. - - - - - VII. 

19. Malabar. ----------- HI. 



P. 



"5 
118 
119 
119 
129 
129 
iJ3 



iJ9- 
140. 

140. 

141. 

142. 

147. 

149. 

151. 

154. 

*55- 
154. 
20. Orange- 



FAUNULA INDICA. 



77 



XXVII. 
Bunting.. 



XXVIII. 

Tanagre. 

XXIX. 
Finch. 



XXX. 

Fly-catcher. 



Lath. Syn. 

20. Orange-bellied. - Edw. pi, 83. 1. III. 157. 

21. Picifine. - - Muf. Carlf.fajc. iii. /. 73. 7 

Index Orn. i. 396. J 

22. Dwarf. - - Jacj. Vog. p. 28. pi. 13. — 158. 



Long- tailed. - - - - Will. Orn. t. 45. __ \%\, 

Panayan. ------ PL Enl. 647. 184. 

Familiar. ---_--..,. !„- 

Red-rumped. -• - - pi. En!. 101. 2. 208. 

Blue-faced. - - - Brif. iii. pi. 7. /. 4. 2 oo. 

Green. - --.-. _ 20g# 

Afiatic. - - - - - - VII. 160. 



1. Amboina. 



- - Seb. i. pi. 3%. f. 6. HI. 



244. 



i- Lovely VII. 168. 

2. White-breaded. - - - PI. Enl. 224. 2. HI. 268. 

3. Collared. ------ Edw. pi. 272. — 280. 

4. Blue-bellied. ----- Edw. pi. 131. 310. 

5. Amandavad. - Edw. pi. 355. 1. — *n. 

6. Brown. - - PI. Enl. 115. 2. 312. 

7. Maia, or Cuba. - - Pi. Enl. 109. 2. /«#. — 315. 

8. Ceylon. ----- _.. -_. _ ^,, 

9. Lunar. - Mill. III. pi. 30. — 320'. 

10. Green-rumped. ----._.__ __ o 20> 

1. Pied. - - - - Br. Zool. Edw. pi. 30. — 324. 

2. Coromandel. - -- - - - _-- o^ I# 

3. Flammeous. I„d. Zool. — 33 i. 

4. Cinnanon - ----- IV". 447. 42. 

5. Tufted. ------ uj, J34 , 

6. Red- 



7* 



FAUNULA INDICA. 



XXXI. 
Lark. 



XXXII. 

Wagtail. 



XXXIII. 

Warbler. 



7- 

8. 

9- 
io. 
1 1. 

12. 

13- 

14- 

r 5- 

16. 

17' 



Red-vented. - - - - Brown III. pi. 31. 
Variety. Yellow-vented. - - - 

Guava. ----- Son. Voy. pi. 28. 
Yellow-breafted. - - Brown III. pi. 82. 
Green. - - 
Black. - - 
Philippine. - 
Azure. 

Blue-head. - 
Yellow-throat. 
Paradife. - 
Javan. - 



- - - Son. Voy. pi. 27. 2. 

- - - PL Enl. 666. 1. 
. - - Son. Voy. pi. 26. 1. 

Sen. Vcy. pi. 26. 2. 

- - - - Edw. pi. i 1 3. 
MuJ. CarlJ.faJc. iii. 

Index Orn. 



18. Cambaian 



1. Sky? - 

2. Malabar. 
3- Gingi. 



White ? 

Collared. 

Pied. - 

Javan. 

Indian. 

Yellow. 



ii. /. 75. 7 
;. ii. 490.J 



Lath. Syn. 

Hi- 335- 

— ibid. 

— ibid. 

— 336. 

— 336' 

— 338. 

— 339- 

— 339- 

— 339- 

— 340. 

— 345- 



490. 



- - - - - Br. Zool. IV. 368. 
Son. Voy. Ind. ii. pi. 113. 1. — 3 9. 
Son. Voy. Ind. ii. pi. 113. 2. — 380. 



- - - Br. Zool. 

- Son. Voy. pi. 29. 
Rait Syn. pi. 1 . /. 1 . 

- Br. Zool. var. 



7. Green. 



Luzonian. 
Coromandel. 
Philippine. 
Wheat-ear. 
Pink. - 



Br. Zool. Timor. 
Brown III. pi. 37,' 

PI. Enl. 235. 1. 2. 

- PI. Enl. 185. 2. 

- - - Br. Zool. 

■ Brown III. pi. 23- 



395 
39 6 
39* 
398 

399 

401 

403 



399- 
6. A. 



451. 

452. 

453- 
465. 

473- 



6. Olive. 



XXXIV. 

Manakin. 

XXXV. 

Titmouse. 



FAUNULA INDICA. 79 

Lath. Syn. 

6. Olive. ----- Brown III. pi. 14. IV. 473- 

7. Green. - - Edw. pi. 79. — 474- 

8. Cingalefe. - - - - Brown III. pi. 32. — 474- 

9. Superb. - - - - - - ----- — 5°i- P J - S2> 

10. Blue headed. - Son. Voy. t. 27. 1. Index! 

Orn. ii. 545- 3 
n. Gold-crefted Wren. - - - - Br. Zool. III. 508. 

12. Tailor. - - - - - - - Ind. Zool. — 515. 

13. Black-necked. -- ---- --- VII. 187. 

14. Cambaian. - - - - Index Orn. ii. 554. 

15. Guzurat. - -_-- -- - Ibid. 

16. Afiatic. - - - ----- - Ibid. 

Yellow Wren. ----- Br. Zool. IV. 512. 

1. Little. -- --- — 5 26 - 

T. Malabar. - - Son. Voy. Ind. ii. pi. 1 1 4- v. — 555- 

2. Indian. - - Muf. Carlf.fafc. ii. t. 50. 7 

Index Orn. ii. 572. \ 



XXXVI. 

Swallow. 



XXXVII. 
Goat-sucker. 



1. Panayan. - 
1. Red- headed. 

3. Indian. 

4. Efculent. - 
Chimney. - 



- Son. Voy. pi. 76. 



- Brif. ii. pi. 46. /. 2. A. 
Br. Zool. 



1. Afiatic. - 
1. Indian. - 



~ 5°5- 

— 57i- 

— 57i- 

— 578. 

— 560. 


pi. 56. 


II. 195- 
— 196. 




ORDER IV, 



8o FAUNULA INDICA. 



ORDER IV. Columbine. 

* Tail even at the End. 

XXXVIII. Lath. Syn. 

Pigeon. i. Domeftic. ------ PI. Enl. 466. IV. 605. 

2. Laced. ------- ___- — 610. 

3. White-wniged. - - - - Edw. pi. 76. — 617. VII. 197. 

4. Great-crowned. - - - - Edw. pi. 338. — 620. 

5. Lefler-crowned. - Son. Voy. Ind. ii. pi. 100. — 622. 623. 

pi. 58. 

6. Grey-headed. - - - - Son. Voy. pi. 66. — 623. 

7. Yellow- faced. - Brown III. pi. 20. — 624. 

8. Purple- ftioulder. - - - - - - -" - VII. 201. 

9. Afiatic. --.- .-- -_-_ — 202. 

10. Green-winged. - - Edw. pi. 14. IV. 625. 

11. Jamboo. ----------- — 627. 

12. Red-crowned. - - - - Son. Voy. pi. 67. — 628. 

13. Parrot. - PL EnL 138. Son, Voy. pi. 6$. — 629. -630. 

14. Aromatic. - - - - - PI. Enl. 163. — 631. 

15. Nicobar. - - - - - _ PI. Enl. 491. — 642. 

16. Common Turtle. _ - - PI, Enl. 394. — 644. 

17. Luzonian T. - - - - Son. Voy. pi. 22. — . 646. 

18. Collared. ------ PI. Enl. 244. —648. 

19. Grey. - Son. Voy. Ind. ii. pi. .102. — 649. 

20. Barred. ------- Edw. pi. 16. — 650. VII. 20a 

21. Surat. ----- Index Orn. ii. 609. 

22. Cambayan. _--- ______ — 6$z. 

23. Malabar. ---------- — 652. 

24. Green. ------- PL Enl. 142. — - 653. 

25. Black-capped. ----- Ind. Zool. — 654. 

26. Javan. ----__- PL Enl. 177. — 654. 

27. Blue-crowned. ..-- -._-_ — 655. 

28. Red-breafted. - - - - Son. Voy. pi. 11. — 657. 

29. Sanguine. ----- Son. Voy. pi. 20. — 657. 

30. Malacca. ---- -- - ___ — 661. 



# * 



Long 



FAUNULA I N D I C A. 



8i 



** Long and Cuneiform Tails. 



Lath. Syn. 



31. Amboina. - - BriJ. \, pi. 9./. 3. IV. 665. 

32. Bantam. - - Miif. Carlf.fafc. iii. t. 67.? 

Index Orn. ii. 615. \ 



XXXIX. 
Peacock. 

XL. 

TuRKY. 
XLI. 

Pheasant. 



ORDER V. Gallinaceous. 

1. Crefted PL Enl. 433. 434. IV. 668.//. 60. 



1. Horned. 



1. Wild Cock. 

2. Colored. - 

3. Impeyan. - 



- - Edw. pi. 16. — 680 

Son. Voy. Ind. ii. pi. 94. 95 



— 698. 
VII. 210. 

— 208. pi. 114. 



XLI I. 

Partridge. I. Ceylon. - 

2. Francolin. - 

3. Hackled. - 

4. Red. - - - 

5. Gingi. 

6. Pondicherri. 

7. Fafciated. 

8. Afiatic. - - 

9. Indian. - - 

10. Javan. 

11. Common Quail. 

12. Chinefe. 

13. Noify. - 

14. Coromandel. - 

15. Manilla. - - 



Ind. Zocl. 
Edw. pi. 246. 



PL Enl. 150. 231. 
Index Orn. ii. 649. 



IV. 758 

— 759 

— 766 

— 767 

— 773 

— 774 



Brown III. pi. 17. 

- PL Enl. 170. 

- Edw. pi. 247. 

Will. Orn. pi. 29. 



M 



Son. Voy. pi. 24. 



VII. 22: 
pi 66. 



— 75- 

— IIS- 
~ 779- 

— 783. 

— 787- 

— 789- 

— 79°- 

16. Cambaian. 



8z 



FAUNULA I N D I C A. 



1 6. Cambaian. - 



Index Orn. ii. 655. 



Lath. Syn. 



* Tridactylous. 
1. Luzonian. ----- Sen. Vo)\ pi. 23. IV. 79: 



XLIII. 

Bustard. i. Indian. - 

2. Paflarage. - 

3. White-chinned. 

XLIV. 

Casuary. i. Galeated. 



- Edw. pi. 250. — 804. 

----- VII. 228. 

Mill. 111. pi. 33. IV. 806. 



- PI. Enl. 313. V. 10. pi. 72. 



D I V. II. Water Fowl. 



XLV. 



ORDER. VII. Cloven-Footed. 



Spoon-bill. 1. Luzonian. - Sen'. Voy. pi. 51. Index! 

Orn. ii. 668. /3. J 

XLVI. 

Jabiru. 1. Indian. ---_ ------- 



VII. 231. 



* C R A N E S. 

XLVII. 

Heron. i. Sibirian Crane. - - -" Pallas It. ii. /. 1. V. 37. 

2. Indian Crane. ----- Edw. 45. — 38. 39. 

3, Common Crane. - - - - PI. Enl. 769-. — 40. 

8 4. Japan 



FAUNULA IN DIC A. 



83 



L.ATH. Sv\ T . 

__. Tapan Crane. - --- ----- V. 42. 

c. Gigantic. -. - - - — 45. vn. -tj--. 

* * H E R O N S. 

6. Philippine Heron. - - - PL Enl. 89$. —72. 

7. Coromandel. - - - - P/. £?//. 910. — 75. A. 

8. Cinnamon. ----- _____ — 77. 

9. Malacca. ------ PL Enl. 911. — 78. 

10. Violet. ------ P/. £«/. 906. — 97. 

11. Louhaujung. - -- -- ---- VJI. 238. 

12. Yellow-necked. -------- — 239. 



*** Bec-ouverts. 

13. Pondicherry. - - - - PL Enl. 932. V. 101. 

14. Coromandel. - Son. Voy. Ind.u. pi. p. 219. — 102. 



XLVIII. 

Ibis. 



1. White-headed. 

2. Manilla. - - 

3. Black-headed. 



- Ind. Zool. — 116. 

- Son. Voy. pi. 47. — 117. 

_-_--- VII. 240. 



XLIX. 

Curlew. 



I. Luzonian. 



- Sen. Voy. pi. 48. V. 122. 



L. 

Snipe. 



1. Woodcock ? 

2. Common Snipe. 

3. Cape. - 

4. Bengal. - - 

5. Madras. - 



- Br. Zool. — 129. 

- _ - - Br. Zool. — 134. 

r - - - - - - VII. 244 E. 

- Albin. iii. pi. 90. V. 140. D. 
- Rail Syn. t. 1. /. 2. — 14.1. 
M 2 6. White 



8 4 



F A U N U L A I N D I C A. 



6. White Indian. 



Lath. Syn. 
V. 141. 



LI. 

Sand-piper. 

LII. 
Plover. 



LI II. 

Runner. 

Cursorius. 

Latham Index, 

ii. 751. 

LIV. 

Pratincole. 



LV. 
Rail. 



LVI. 

Jacana. 



Goa. 



Golden ? - 
Long-legged. 
Philippine. 
Wattled. - 
Indian. - ■ 



- PL Enl. 807. — 165. 



- - Br. Zool. — 193. 

- - Br. Zool. — 1 95. VII. 252. 
Son. Voy. pi. 46. — 205. C. 

PL Enl. 880. — 216. 
VII. 254- 



I. Coromandel PI. 



PL Enl. 892. V. 217. 



1. Maldivian. - - — 224. 

2. Coromandel. --------- — ibid. 

3. Madras. - - — ibid. 

I.Philippine. PL Enl. 774. —230. 

2. Striated Ph. - - - Brif. v. pi. 14- /• 2. — 232. 

3. Dufky. ---. — 2 3 2 - 

4. Banded. - - - - Brif. v. pi. 15. /. 1. — 233. 

5. Brown. ------ PL Enl. 773. — ibid. 

6. Ceylon. Brown III. pL 37. — 235. 



1. Luzonian. 

2. Indian. . 



- Son. Voy. pi. 45- — 245 • 
VII. 257. 



LVII. Gallinule. 



FAUNULA INDICA. S5 

LVII. Lath. Syn. 

Gallinule. i. Madras. - - - - Rait Syn. t. 1. /. 4- V. 253. 

2. Purple. -_---_ Edw. pi. 87. — 254. 

3. Green. ------ -- --- — 257. 

4. Red-tailed. ------ hid. Zool. — 259. 

5. Crefted. ---------- — 267. 

ORDER VIII. Pinnated Feet. 

LVIII. 

Grebe. i. Little. - PI. Enl. 945. — 290. A. 

ORDER IX. Web-Footed. 

LIX. 
Albatros. i. Wandering. - . - - - - Edw. pi. 88. —304. 

LX. 
Skimmer. i# Black. PI. Enl. 357, VI. 347« 

LXI. 

Tern. 1. Cafpian. - Index Orn. ii. 804. (3. 

2. Philippine. - Son. Voy. pi. 85. YU. 267. 

3. Panayan. - - - - - Sou. Ifoy. pi. 84. yi. 3i>3- 

4. White. - - - Portlock Voy. pi. p. 312. 363. VII. 266. 

LXII. 

Petrel. i. Stormy. - - - - - - Edw. pi. 90. 411. 

LXIII. 

Duck. i. Chinefe ? ------ PL Enl. 374. 447. 

2. Black-backed. ----- hd. Zool. 449. 

3. Barred* 



86 



FAUNULA INDICA. 



LXIV. 

Pelecan. 



LXV. 

Darter., 



3. Barred-head. - 

4. Greyhead. 

5. Spotted-bill. - 
o. Falcated. - - 



7- 



Pink- headed. 
Coromandel. 
Manilla. - 



1. White. - 

2. Rofcate. 

3. Manilla. 

4. Philippine. 

1. Black-bellied. 



- Brown III. pi. 41. 42. 

- - - - bid. Zool. 

- - - PI. Enl. 930. 
------- VII. 276 

- - PI. Enl. 949. 950. VI. 556 
- Son. Voy. t. 54. — 557 



Lath. Syn. 
VII. 177 

VI. 458 

— 487 

517 



- Edw. fl. 92. 

Son. Voy. pi. 54. 

Son. Voy. pi. 53. 

Br if. vi. pi. 46. 



A. 
pi. 119. 



575- 
579- 
5*3- 
S*3- 



- bid. Zool. — 624. 



CLASS 



Genus. 
I. 



FAUNULA INDICA. 87 



CLASS III. Amphibia. 



ORDO I. Reptilia. 



Testudo. TMBRICATA. Seb. Muf. i. tab. 80. fig. 9 

x Squamata. ---------- Bout. Java. 82 

Lutaria. --- -- _-. Ama:n. Acad. i. p. 139. N° 23 

Serpentina. --------- Muf Ad. Fr. 1. p. ^ 

Indica. --- -- -__ -Schneid. Schild. p. 35$'. N° 14 

II 
Rana. Gibbofa. -------- Seb. Muf. \. tab. 71. fig. 4. 5. 

Ventricofa. -------- Seb. Muf. i. tab. 74.. /#. 1. 

Venulofa, - Seb. Muf \. tab. 72. fig. 4. 

Marginata ----- y^. ^ ^y. i # p m 47> 

III. 
Draco. Volans. _ Seb. Muf 'n. tab. U. fig. 3 . 

IV. 

Lacerta. Gangetica. - - Edw. Atl. Aug. 49. p. 639. /. 19. 

Monitor. - - - - - _ _ _ ^ ^ j}, tab% 86< * 2< 2# 

Bicarinata. 

Mauritanica. - - - . . p. Seb. Muf i. tab. 10$. fig. 2. j. 

Jguana. Seb. Muf. i. /a*. 95. fig. u 1. 

Calotes. - - Seb. Muf i. tab. 86. ;%. 6. 

Superciliofa. 



S3 FAUNULA INDICA. 

Superciliofa. Seb. MuJ. i. tab. 94. fig. 4. 

Scutata. - - - Seb. MuJ. i. tab. 109. fig. 3. 4. 

AmboinenfiSj & Var. (3. 

Lacuftris. - -y- Seb. MuJ. u. tab. ii.fig.-j. 

Vittata. - - Houtt. Alt. Uliffitig. 9. /. 2. 

Gecho. i 7 ^. F». Arab. p. 13. N°4- 

Chameleon. Seb. MuJ. i. te*. 82. fig. a. 4. 5- 

Agilis. Seb. MuJ. \\. tab. 79. fig. $. 

Tequixin. Seb. MuJ. i. tab. 96. fig. 1. 

Plica. 

Serpens. 

Bipes. «fc$. Afq/". i. /a*. S3- fig- 8 - 



ORDO II. Serpentes. 

V. 

Boa. ^ Hipnale. Seb. MuJ. ii. tab. 34. fig. 1. 

Conftridtor. Seb. MuJ. I tab. 36. fig. 5. 

VI. 

Coluber. Clotho. - $eb. MuJ. 11. tab. 93. 

Lutrix'. 

Plicatilis Seb. MuJ ii. tab. 57. fig. 5. 

Alidras. 

Buccatus. - - - MuJ.Ad.Fr.\.tab.i 9 .fig.3. 

Javanus. ------- - - Seb. MuJ. i. tab. 10. fig. 2. 

Berus. -- - --- - - (3. S. Seb. MuJ. ii. /«£. 9. 7%. 8. 

Typhlns. 

Reginae. - - - MuJ. Ad. Fr. I tab. 13. fig. 3. 

iEfculapii. MuJ. Ad. Fr. i. tab. 11. fig. 1. 

Rhombeatus. MuJ. Ad. Fr. i. tab. 24. fig. 1. 

Miliaria. - - - - - MuJ. Ad. Fr. i. p. 27. 

Albus. - ----- - MuJ. Ad. Fr. i. p. 24. /. 14. fig. 1. 

Agilis. -- - MuJ. Ad. Fr. \. tab. iu fig. 1. 

o Lafteus. 



VII. 

Anguis. 



F A U N U L A I N D I C A. 89 

Lafteus. -------- Muf Ad. Fr.ltab.i9. fig. 1. 

Pallidus. ----------- ptd. tab. 7 . fig. 2. 

C^ cus . _ Seb. Muf. 11. tab. 90. ./%. 1. 

Na ; a ' Seb. Muf. \. tab. 44. fig. 1. 

Padera. Muf. Ad. Fr. 11. p.^- 

Canus. Muf.Aa\Fr,up.V-t-">fig'i' 

Zeylonicus. Seb. Muf u tab. 100. fig. 4. 

Ladcaudatus. ------- Muf. Ad. Fr.u tab. 16 fig. u 

Atrox -------- P- &*• W- »■ ^- 43- A- 4- 5- 

Saturn'inus. -------- Muf Ad. Fr. I tab 9 . fig. 1. 

Candidas. -------- Jbf tab. 7 . fig. 1. 

Scaber. ------- ----- Ibid. tab. 10. fig. 1. 

Carinatus. _,.. . _ 

Exoletus. - -, Ibid. tab. 10. fig. 2, 

Trifcalis. 
Pel i as. 

Ocellatus. - - - Seb. Muf n. tab. 1. fig- 3- *■ 

Hitambocia. -------- Seb. Muf. i. tab. 33. fig. 6. 

Tigrinus. - Seb. Muf. i\. tab. 1$. fig. 2. 

Molurus. 

Ahsetulla. - - - - - - - - - - Catejb. Car. 11. tab. 47. 

Petalarius. ------ - - Muf Ad. Fr. 1. tab. 9. fig. 2. 

Filiformis. ------ - - - - - Ibid. tab. 17. fig. 2. 

Minerva. - - - - - - - - - - - - - Ibid. p. 36. 

Cinereus. ------------- Ibid. p. 31- 

Mucofus. - - - - Ibid. tab. 23. fig. 1. 

Caerulefcens. - IMd, tab. 20. fig. 2. 



Meleao-ris. - Seb. Muf \l tab. 21. fig. 4. 

Scyta le. - - - - - - - - - - - Ibid. tab. 2. fig. 1. 4. 

Ater. - - - - - - - - - - - - Ibid. tab. 73. fig. 3. 



VIII. 

Cecilia. Tentaculata. - - - - Ibid. tab. 25. fig. 2. 

Glutinofa. ------ - Muf Ad. Fr. 1. tab. 4. fig. 1. 

N C L A S S I S 



FAUNULA IN DIC A. 91 



C L A S S I S IV. Pisces. 



ORDO I. Branchiostegi. 

Genus. 
I. 
Ostracion. TRIQUETER. - - - - Seb. Muf. iii. tab. 24. fig. 6. 12. 

Trigonus. - - ArtediGen. 56. #;/. 85. 

Bicaudalis. -- 6V£. ilcfa/l iii. tab. 24. /£. 3. 

Tricornis. 

Quadricornis. - £</«>. Glean, tab. 2S4. j%. 1. 

Cornutus. - - - - - - - - IVill. Ichth. t.\. 13. fig. 1. 

Tuberculatus. -------- Arted. Gen. 55. fyn. 84. 

Cubicus Seb. Muf. iii. tab. 24. fig. 4. 5. 

II. 

Tetrodon. Teftudineus. ------- Amain. Acad. i. tab. 14. ;?£. 3 . 

Eleftricus. - - - - . _ _ AH. Aug. lxxvi. p. 382. /<?£. 13. 

Oblongus. ----___ B/ocb.Aujl. Fifcb.n. t. j$6. fig. 1. 

Roftratus. -----___.____ /^ ^ 2# 

Hifpidus. -..-____ Amcen. Acad. iv. />. 207. N° 23. 

III. 
Syngnathus. Tetragonus. ------ Block Aujl. Fifcb. ]. t. 121. fi<r. 1. 

Hyppocampus. - - mil. Icbth. tab. I. '25! 

IV. 
Pegasus. Draconis. ---- _-. _ Gron. Zooph. tab. 12. fig. 2. 3. 
Volans. --- -----_-_. Mu j m Ad% ii< ^ ' ' 6 ] 

Nacans. Blocb. Aufi. Fifcb. u t. 121. fig. 2. 3. 

N 2 V. Centriscus. 



9 <z FAUNULA INDICA. 

V. 
Centriscus. Scutatus. - - - ------ Gron. MuJ. ii. tab. 7. fig. 3. 

Valitaris. - - - - - - - Pall. Spic. Zool. viii. tab. 4. fig. 8. 

VI. 
Balistes. Tomentofus. -------- Gron. MuJ. 1. tab. 6. fig. 5. 

Verrucolus. - - - - - - - MuJ. Ad. Fr. i. tab. 27. fig. 4. 

Biaculeatus. - - - - - - - V/ill. Ichth. dpp. tab. 10. fig. 1. 

Aculeatus. - - - Seb.MuJ.m. tab. 24. fig. 15. 

Vetula. - ------ --- Catejb. Carol, ii. tab. 22. 

Capriicus - - Seb.MuJ.m. tab. 24. fig. 16. 

Punftatus. - Nieuhof. bid. ii. p. 275. 

Kleinii. Klein. MiJ. Pije. Yu. tab. 3. fig. 12. 

VII. 

Cyclopterus. Lumpus. P- y. 5r//. Zc<?/. iii. ^. 103. N° 1. 

Nudus. - - MuJ. Ad. Fr. i. /«£. 27. fig. 1. 



ORDO II. Chondropterygii. 



VIII. 




Squalus. 


Catulus. 




Tigrinus. 




Glaucus. 




Canicula. 




Zygsena. 




Acantbias, 




Indicus. 


IX. 




Raja. 


Paftimca. 



Brit. Zool. iii. p. 90. N° 9. 
Seb. MuJ. iii. /*£. 34. fig. 1. 
i?n7. Zoo/, iii. \p. 84. IV 5. 
5r;'/. Zoo/, iii. />. 88. N° 8. 

- Rondel. Ptfc. i. />. 389. 
Brit. Zool. iii. />. 77. N° 2. 

- Gro». MuJ. i. N° 133. 



2?n7. Zoo/, iii. p. 71. <N° 6. 



ORDO III. 



FAUNULA INDICA. 93 



ORDO III. Apodes. 

X. 

MuRiENA. Colubrina. ------ Pall. n. nord. Beytr. ii. /. 2. fig. 3. 

Anguilla. -- - --- -- Brit. ZqqI. iii. p. 142. N° 12. 

XL 

Gymnotus. Notoptcrus. _ - - - - - Pall. Spicil. Zcol. vii. tab. 6. fig. 2. 

XII. 
Trichiurus. Indicus. - -- --- -- Will. Ichth. App. tab. 3. fig. 3. 

XIII. 

Ophidium. Aculeatum. - - - - - - - V/ill. Ichth. App. tab. 10. fig. 1. 



ORDO IV. JUGULARES. 

XIV. 
CALLiONYMus.Ocellatus. - - - - - Pall. Spic. Zcol. vul tab. 4. fig. 13. 

Sagitta. --- -- - _--.. _ - Ibid. fig. 4. 5. 

XV. • 
Gadus. Lota. -__ Brit. Zcol. iii. p. 163. N° 14. 

XVI. 
Blennius. Criftatns. --- __„----- Gron. Muf.\. N 75. 
Cornutus. 

P'afciatus. Bloch. Av.fi. Fifch. ii. /. 162. fig. 1. 

Superciliofus. - - - - - - - Gron. MuJ. ii. tab. 5. fig. 5. 

Mufteiaris. 

XVII. Kurtus. 



94 FAUNULA INDICA. 

XVII. 

Kurtus. Indicus. - - - ----- Blcch. Aujl. Fifch. ii. tab. 169. 



ORDO V. Thoracic 1. 

XVIII. 

Echeneis. Neucrates. -------- Seb. MuJ. iii. tab. 33. fig. 1. 

XIX. 
Coryph^ena. Pentada<5tyla. - - - - - - - Bloch. Aujl. Fifch. ii. t. 173. 

Fafciolata. - - - - - Fall. Spicil. Zool. viii. tab. 3. fig. 1. 

Velifera. ------------- Ibid. fig. 1. 

XX. 

Gobius. SchlofTeri. -- -- ----- - Ibid. tab. 1. fig. 1.4. 

Bodasrti. ---------- Ibid. tab. 1. fig. 4. 5. 

Cyprinoides. _____---- Ibid. tab. 1 . fig. 5. 

XXI. 

Cottus. Grunniens. -- Seb. MuJ. 111. tab. 23. fig. 4. 

Scaber. - Block. Aujl. Fifch. u. tab. 180. 

Monopterigius. - - Bloch. Aujl. Fifch. ii. /. 178. fig. 1. 2. 

XXII. 
Scorp^ena. Hornda. ------- Cron. Zooph. tab. 11. 12. 13. fig. 1. 

Volicans. - - ------ Will. Ichth. App. tab. 2. fig. 3. 

Antennata. ------- Bloch. Aujl. Fifch. iii. /. 185. 

Didactyla. - - - - - - Pall. Spic. Zool. vii. tab. /\.. fig. 1.3. 

XXIII. 
Zeus. Infidiator. ----- Bloch. Aujl. Fifch. iii. tab. 192. ^%. 2. 3. 
Gallus. --- - , - - - - ,5V£. Ma/", iii. ta£. 26. /£. 34. 
Ciliaris. --------- Bloch. Aujl. Fifch. tab. 191. 

XXIV. Pleuronectes. 



FAUNULA INDICA. 95 

XXIV. 
Pleuronec- Trlcodactylus. - ------ Art. Gen. 18. fyn. 33. fp. 60. 

tes. Zebra. __-___-- Bloch. Aujl. Fifth, iii. tab. 181. 

XXV. 
Ck^etodon. Canefcens. -- ---- - _ Seb. Muf. iii. tab. 25. fig. 7. 

Acuminatus. - - - - - - - Muf. Ad. Fr. i. tab. 33. fig. 3. 

Pinnatus. ------ __ --- -_ Ibid. fig. 6. 

■Cornutus. - - - - - - - Seb. Muf. iii. tab. 25. fig. 6. 

Argenteus. ------ - - - - Amain. Acad. iv. p. 249.. 

Roibatus. - ---------- - - Ibid. fig. 17. 

Orbis. - - - - - - - Bloch. Aujl. Fijch. iii. tab. 102. fig. 2. 

Nigricans. -- --- __- Aft. Angl. 1784.. ii. tab. 12. 

Lineatus. ------- .__ Seb. Muf. tab. 25. fig. r. 

Trioflegus. - - ----- - Broujfenet Ichth. Dec. i. /. 4. 

Macrolepidotus. ------- . /V////". iii. /. 25. /. 8. 

Argus. --- _-__ - Will. Ichth. App. p. 1. t. 2. /. 2. 
Striarus. ------- ._ Seb. Muf. iii. tab. 25. fig. 9. 

Arcuanus. - - - - -- -- -- Ibid. tab. 26. fig. 23. 

• Vagabundus. - --- __-_._ Hid. tab. 5. fig. 18. 

Ciliaris. - - _--- -- Edw. Glean, tab. 283. fig. 4. 

Saxatilis. ------- Bloch. Aujl. Fifcb. iii. t. 206. fig. 2. 

Rotundus. ----- -- -_ _ Muf. Ad. Fr. i. p. 64. 

Lanceolatus. ----- --_ _-. Edw. Av. tab. 210. 

Dux. - - - - -.__ -J - I Fijch.m. tab. 195. 

Pavo. - - -__ ____ _ Ibid. tab. 198. fig. 1. 

Vefpertilio. - - ------ .„ Ibid. tab. 199. fig. 2. 

Unimaculatus. ---- _ -.. ibid. tab. 101. fig. 1. 

Bicolor. ----_---__- Ibid. tab. 206. fig. 1. 

Ocellatus. ---------- //•,/. tab. 211. fig. 2. 

Bengalenfis - --___ ___. /,/-,/ tab. 213. jig. 1. 

O&ofafciatus. -------- . Jbid. tab. 215. fig. 1. 

Annularis. --- --_ _._ _ ibid. tab. 21 5. fig. 2. 

Faber. --- - -. _.- . . /.'//. :7Z ^. ii2. fig. 2. 

Teira. - - JfoV/. /«£. 199. j?£. 1. Forjk. x ■ p. Go. N' J 82. 

XXVI. Sparus. 



96 FAUNULA INDICA. 

XXVI. 

Sparus. Infidiator. - - - - - Pall. Spic. Zool. tab. $. fig. 1. 

Palpebratus. ----- Pall. n. nord. Beytr. ii. /. 4. fig. 1. 2. 

Spinus. - - - ^ - - - -- - Muf. Ad. Fr. ii. p. 74 *. 

XXVII. 

Scarus. Schlofleri. - Pall. Spic. Zool. viii. p. 41. 

XXVIII. 

Labrus. Lunaris. - - -- ----- Grow. Mzf/ - . ii. tab. 6. /£. 2. 

Trichopterus. - - - Pall. Spic. Zool. viii. p. 45. 

Zeylanicus. -------- Ind. Zool. tab. 13. fig. 3. 

Ferrugineus. 

Paroticus. - - - M11J. Ad. Fr. 11. p. 76. 

Linearis. - - - Amarn. Acad. i. />. 3 1 5- 

XXIX. 

Perca.' Polymna. ------- Seb. Muf. iii. tab. 16. f. 20. 24. 

Cottoidee. Muf. Ad. Fr. ii. p. 84. 

Stigma. 

Radula. - - - Amain. Acad. i. p. 313. 

XXX. 

Trigla. Minuta. 



O R D O VI. A B D O M I N A L E S. 

XXXI. 

Silurus. Afcira. - - - - - - - Muf. Ad. Fr. i. p. 79. t. 30. fig. 1. 

Coftatus. -------- Gron.Muf.\\. tab. $.fig.\.% 

XXXII. 

Teuthis. Hepatus. -- -- _--- Catefb. Carol, ii. /«£. 1. /g. 1. 

Java. --------- Valent. Ind. iii. />. 3^9. ,/£. 410. 

§ XXXIII. Salmo. 



FAUNULA 1 N D I C A. 97 

XXXIII. 

Salmo. Gafteropelecus. ----- Pall. Spic. Zool. viii. /. 3. fig. 4. 5. 
Anoftomus. ---- - - - - Cron. Muf. 11. tab.-], fig. 2. 

XXXIV. 
Fistularia. Chinenfis. - - __-___- Pet. Gaz. tab. 68. fig. t. 
Paradoxa. ------ Pall. Spic. Zool. viii. tab. 4. fig. 6. 

XXXV. 
Esox. Brafilienfis. --- -. - - - Brown Jam. tab. 45. fig. 1. 

Gymnocephalus. 

XXXVI. 

Polynemus. Paradifeus. -- ------ - _ Edw. Av. tab. 208. 

XXXVII. 
Clupea. Thrififa. ---_ ------ BronJJon. Ichth. i. tab. 10. 

Myftus. - -- Amcen. Acad. v. tab. . fig. 1 2. 

XXXVIII. 

Cyprinus. Tinea. - Brit. Zool. iii. p. 306. N* 3. Will. Ichth. t. 2. 5. 



O 



CLASSIS 



FAUKULA INDICA. 



99 



CLASSIS V. Insect a. 



ORDO I. Eleuterata. 



LUC AN US. 



ALCES. 
jrX Gazella. 



Lama. - 
Carinatus. 



Fab. Sp. Inf. N° i. Petiv. Gazcpb. - tab. 47. /. 15. 
Fab. MantiJ. p. i.Oliv. Coleopt. (Lucan.)/>/. 4./. 13. a. b. 

- - - - %3-f.z- 

- - Lin. S. N. N° $? 



SCARAB^EUS. 



Alcides. 
Gideon. Lin. 
Centaurus. - - 
Oromedon. 
iEgeon. - - - 
Dichotomus. Lin. 
Claviger. - 
Pan. - - - - 



Fab. Sp. Inf. N° 2 

- - - - 3 

- - " - 4 

- - - - 6 

- " 9 

- 10 

- - 12 



Simfon. - 
Geryon. - - 
Quadrifpinofus. 
Quadridens. 



l 9 

36 

37 



Enema. - Fab. Mant. Inf. N° 1 2 
Rhinoceros. L. Fab. Sp. Inf. N° 40 
Coronatus. - - - - N° 47 



Oliv. Col. (Scar.) 



O 2 



pi. 1. /. a. 

^>/. 11. /. 102. 
pi. 11. /. 104. 
/>/. iS. 165. 
pi. 16. f. 1 19. 

/>/. 17. /.1 56. 

p/. 5./. 40. a. p. 
/>/. 5. /. 35. />/. 

23. /• 3°- P- 
/>/. 15./. 142. 
pi. 24. /. 208. 
pi. i 9 .f. 179. 
/>/. 12. /. 108. 

a. b. 

pi. 18./. 166. 

/>/. 12. /. 1 10. 

Hircus. 



FAUNULA I N D I C A. 



Hircus. 
Piceus. 

Aygulus 



Analis. 

Unifafciatus. 

Scaber. L. 

Pygmasus. 

Longimanus 

Veter. 

Barbatus 

Marginellus. 

Sabseus. - 
Pithecius. 
Seniculus, - 
Ammon. - 
Rhadamiflus. 

Lar. - 
Bifafciatus. 

Capucinus. 

Boas. - 
Bonafus. - 

Bucephalus. 

Lancifer. L,. 
Spinifey. - 
Fricator. 
Miliaris. - 
Koenigii. 
Pallipes. - 



Fab. Sp.InJ. N°52. 

- - - - 55- 

- - - - 57- 



Oliv. Col. (Scar.) 



Fab. Mant. Inf. 64 

- Gmel. Lin. N° 182 

- Fab. Spec. Inf. 7 2 
- Gmel. Lin. 186 

L. Fab. Sp. InJ. 73 

- Mant. App. p. 377 

Spec. Inf. N° 8 7 

- - - - 88 

- - - - 99 

- - - 102 

■ - - - 103 

- - - 105 
- - 109 

Mantiff. Inf. 1 24 

- Spec. Inf. in 

■ - - - 113 

Mant. InJ. 129 

- Spec. Inf. 114 

- - - 117 

- - - "9 

- - - 131 

Mant. Inf. 140 

- Sp. Inf. 141 

- - - 145 

- - - 153 



Schall. Hall. Naturf. 
Oliv. Col. - - - 
Sch. H. Nat. - - 
Oliv. Col. 



pi. 24. /. 211. 

pi. 13. /. 120. 

&/>/. 4 ./.28 

a. b. 

1. p. 240. 
pi. 23. /. 1. c. 
/. 1. p. 239. 

j>'- 4- /• 27. 



- ' ^- l 3-f- "6. 

a. b. 

- - - pi. 9. /. 85. 
- - pi- 9- f- 73- 

- - //.7-/-5 6 - a - b - 

pi, 12. f. in. 

- - pi. 14. £136- 

a. b, 

- - ^/. 13. /. 119. 

a. b. 

- pi. 2. /. 1 2. pL 

25. /. 12. b. 

- - _?/. 6./. 43. a— 

c. 

- ^>/. 4. /. 26. />/. 

10. /. 92. b. 

- - pi. 4. f. ST.. 

- pi. 12. f. 112. 

- pi. lS.f. 164. 
■ - pi- 9- f- 77- 

iEneus* 



FAUNULA IN DIC A. 



101 



iEneus. - - - Sp. Inf. 156^. Oliv. Coleep. (Scar.) pi. 14. /. 128. 

a, b. 
Catta. - - Fab. Man t. N°ii5. - - - - - pi. 23. /. 201. 

Augias. />/. 24!/! 212." 

M.umpus. -------_.___ pi. i 7 .f. ]S9 . 

Fulhus. " ' - _>/. 19./88. b. 

& />/. n./. 

98. 

Hefperus. ------ ?/. 14. /. 1 29. 

Sinuatus. pi. 21./. 189. 

& />/. 10. /, 

93. 
Erraticus. - Ii». £. _V«/. N° 29. Faun. Suec. N° 33 3, 

Trox. Horridus. - F*£. 6>. _y. N° 3. Oiiu. Col. (Trox.) - pi. 1. f. 2. . 

Melolontha. Serrata.. ------ 2. 0//u. Co/. (Melol.) pi. 1. /.. $. 

Lanigera. --.---. 10. ._ - - - - f/. 4./. 39. a.J>. 

Wabrata 12. - - - - - />/. 9. /. 80. 

Dorfalis. --- ___ 17. 

Ruficollis. - - - - - 24. - - - - -pl.a.f. 

Erythrocephala. - - - - 28. - - - - -pl.n.f. 



Rluca - " " - 37- - - pi. 6. /. 

Ferruginea 38. - _ _ - - pl.j.f. 

Proboicidea. - - - - - 49. _ _ „ _ _ />/. 8. /". 

Podagrica. - - - - - 52. - - _ - - pi. c\ f. 

Mutabilis. ----- 60. pl\f. 

Z m ™: ------ 74. pi.s.f. 

Candida. N° 8.*/. 8. /. 

Femorahs. - - - - _ _ _ . _ . . 4I */. « /; 

Pubefcens ----- 57 .pl. 6./. 

Unicolor. - - Gmel. Lin. ^i^.FueJl. Arc. Inf. - 7.0.43./. 
Ciliatus. - - - - - 314. _____ f 

Sepicola. - - Lin.S.Nat.ss.Muf.Lud.Ulr.- 24 



in. 

80. 
62. 
82. 
96. 

5»- 

24. 

94- 
98. 
no'. 
7i. 

5- 
6. 



Syriacus. 



102 



FAUNULA I N D I C A. 



Syriacus. - Lin. S. Nat. W $6.Mi(f- Lud. Ulr. - 25. 

Leei. - - - Gmel. Lin. 427. N. Ati. Stockh. 8. 1787. 3. N° 3. 4. 



Trichius. Indus. - 
Viridulus. 



Fab. Sp. Inf. N° 2. 0//-J. Co/. (Ceton.) pi. 6. f. 40. 

6. pi.e. f.u. 



Cetonia. 



Chinenfis. 
Nigrita. - 
Splendida. - 
Elegans. - - 
Aurichalcea. - 



Orichalca. Lin. S.N. iii. App.p. 224 
Maculata. - Fab. Sp. Inf. W 46 
Verficolor. - - - - - 52 

Variegata. - - - 55 



Quadripun&ata. Fab. Mdnt. N° 12 

Capucina. 16 

Ephippium. - - - - - 31 

Bifida. - 

Crucifera. - 

Impreffa. 

Cserulea. - 

Csrulea. - 

Bimucronata. 



Drur. Inf. 
-Oliv.Col. (Cet.)N 



G Mel. Lin. tfi.Fuefl. Arch. Inf. - 
- - - ^.Pall.Ic.InJ.Roff. 



- pi. 2. /. 5. a. b. 

- pi. 10. /. 92. 

- pi. 4. f. 21. 

- />/. 4 . /• 25- 

- /»/. 9. /. 78. 

- pi. y.f. 66. 

■ pl- 4- / 23. 

- />/. 5. /• 31. b. 

& 30. 

- //. 10. /. 93. 

3--T 7 - 44- /• 3- 
, 43-/ / - 2 -/- 9- 
44.^/. 5. /. 29. 

4J.*/. 8./. 71. 

SS-P L 5-/. 3i-a. 
4. /*£. 1 9. /. 30. 
i./«*. A./. 13. 



Hister. Maximus. - Lin. S. Nat. N° 1. Oliv. Col. (Hift.) - pl.l.f.l. 

Major. L. - Fab. Spec. Inf. N° 2. - - - - - />/. 1 . /. 4. a. b. 



Apate. Capucinus. 



4. ■&£. El. 



t. 28. 



Dermestes. 



FAUNULA INDICA. 103 

Dermestes. Lardarius. L. - Fab. Spec. Inf. i.Schaf.Ic. - - pi. 42. /. 3. 

Pellio. - - - - - - 5. - - - - - />/. 42. /. 4. 

Ruficollis. ----- i^.Thunb.N.Sp. Inf. i./>. 8. /. 7. 

Marginatus.- - Gmel. Lin. 44. - - - - - pl.7. f. 6. 

Piceus. - - - - - 45. - - - - - p. 8. 

Viridis. ------ 48. ----- p. 9. 



Bruchus. Cacao. - - - - " N°6. 

Theobromae. L. - ~ - - 7. 
Analis. ------- 9. 

Abdominalis - - - 13. 



Tritoma. Vittata. - - Fab. Mant. N°4. 

Hispa. Bihamata. - Lin. S. Nat. N° 3. 

Silpha. Indica. L. - Fab. Sp. Inf. N° 3. Muf Lud. Ulr* - 38. 

Opatrum. Cinereum. - - Gmel. Lin. ii.Fuefl. Arch. Inf. - 4. tab. 21, A. a, 

Coccinella. Dimidiata. - Fab. Sp. Inf. N° 5. 
Cingulata. - Fab. Mant. N° 24. 
Sexmaculata. - Spec. Inf. N° 20. 

Septempundtata. L. - - ix.Schaf.Ie. - - tab. g. f. j,' 

Centumpundtata. Gmel. Lin. \\%.Fue]l. Arch. Inf. - 4. ta£. 22. /. 13. 
Tranfverfalis. Fd£. «?/w. /«/! 24. 

Sparfa. - - - Gmel. Lin. 120. ----- j, tab. 4.3.. f. 11. 
2 8 -punctata. - - - - 48. 
Minuta. ^.Thunb. N. Sp. Inf. r>£. 11, 

Cassida-. 



io4 FAUNULA INDICA. 

Cassida. 8 -punctata. - Fab. Mant. N°iS. 

Marginata. L. - Sp. IvJ. N" 25. Naturforfch. - N° 9. /. 2. 

Dorfata. - - - Man tiff, 33. | 

Bicornis. L. - - Sp. InJ, 29. Amxn. Ac. - - 6. p. 293. $. 

Spinifex. L. ----- 31. - - - - p. 2,91. 7. 

Trifafciata. - - Mant. 46. 

Annulata. - - - Spec. InJ. 29- Naturf. - - - 9. t. 2. /. 6. 

Bipunctata. L. - - - - 49. 

Alatrata. - Lin. S. Nat. N° 18. 

Anguftata. - Gmel. Lin. N°3i. 



Alurnus. Femoratus. - Fab. Sp. Inf. N° 2. Dmr. Inf. - - 2. tab. 34. /. 5. 

'Chrysomela. 14- punctata. L. - - - - 13. 
Fervide. - - - - - 22. 

Undulata. L. - - 4.1. Amsen. Ac. - - 6.^.393.14. 

Nitida. - Mant. N° 64. 

Cruenta. - Spec. Inf. 82. 

Sternicornis. - Gmel. Lin. 147 . Schal. Hall. Nat. i.t.i.f. r. 
Gigas. - - - - 153. Fuejl. Arch. Inf. - 4./. 23./. 2. 

Indica. - - - - - 155. - - . - . f 5. 
Malaccenfis. - 249. Horn. Shr.Berl. Nat. %.t. 1. /. 9. 

Fafcicornis. (Altica.) - - 66. - - - - - /. 1. 



Cryptoce- Koenigii. - Fab. Sp. Inf. 45. 
phalus. Martinius. - Gmel. Lin. N° 74. Schal. Hall. Nat. J.p.ljS. 

Peregrinus. ----- -j-j.FueJl. Arch. InJ. - 4. /. 23. /. 25. 

Multicolor. - 1^6. Horn. Shr. Berl. Nat.i.t. 1. /. 6. 

Sumatranus. - 247. - - - - - /. 4. 

Coffeae. - 248. - - - - - /. 7. 

Orientalis. 249. - - - - - /. 3. 

Batavienfis. - - - - 250. - - - - - /". 12. 
Javanus. - - - - - 251. - - - - - /. 2.5. 8. 11. 

Critela. 



FAUNULA INDICA. 105 

Cistela. Analis. - - - Fab. Sp. Inf. 8. 



Crioceris. Cinfta. - - - - - - 5,. 

Palliata. - ----- b.Acl.Hall. - - i.p. 279. 

Pi&a. --.- Mantiff. 12. 
Teftacea. - - - - - - 20. 

4-pullulata. ----- 23. 

ImpreiTa. - - - - - - 24. 

Abdominalis. - Ginel. Lin. 130. 

Ochracea. ----- 180. Fuefl. Arch. Inf. - 7. /. 44./. 9. p. q. 

Erotylus. Giganteus. L. Fab. Sp. Inf. N° l.De Geer, Inf. - $.tab.i6.f. 8. 
Longimanus. - Mant. N° 11. 

Lagria. Abdominalis. - Fab. Mant. N° 14. 

Inda. - - Lin. S.Nat. N° 121. Muf. Lud. Ulr. - 41. 

Curculio. Palmarum. L. - Sp. Inf. N° 1. Oliv. Col. (Cure.) - pi. 1. f. \6„ 
Indus. L. - - $.De Geer, Inf. - $.pl. 15. /. 22. 

Paganus. - - - - - 6. 

Hemipterus. L. - - - - 8. _ - - - - pi. 15. f. 25. 
Melanocardius. L. - - - 10. Sulz. Inf. - - 4. tab. 4. /. 1 1 » 
Barbiroftris. ----- 6$.Seb. Muf. - - 4. tab. 95. f. 5. 
prigidus. Fab. Mant. App. p. 381. 

Mucoreus. L. .FVz£. ty . /«/". N° 74. Muf. Lud. Ulr. - 53. 
Pufio. L. ---- - 75. . _ 46. 

Stigma. L - 79. - - 48. 

Hebcs. - - - - - . 80. 

Annulatus. L. --- -81. - - -. C;i. 

Reticulaais, - - - - - 85. 

Stultus. - - Mant. N° 117. 

Anchoraco. L. - Spec. Inf. 1 18. Be Geer, Inf. - 5. tab.l$.f. 4. 

P Arcvreus. 



io6 



F A U N U L A I N D I C A. 



L. 



Argyreus 

Curvipes. 

Lacerca. 

Frigidus. 

Emeritus. L. 

Cinnamomi. 



Spec. Inf. \i%.M:if. Lud. Ulr. 54. 
- - Mant. 183. 

- - - Spec . Inf. 161. 
Mant. App.p. 381. 

Spec. Inf. 190. - 
Gmel. Lin. 275. Fuejl. Arch. IrJ. - 



Globofus. - Fab. Sp. Inf. N° \y3.Dr1tr. IrJ. 
Apterus. L. - - - - 206. De Geer. IrJ. 
Viridanus. - - - - - 219. 



56. 
5. /. 24./. 20. h. i. 
1. pi. 32. 7.4. 
$.tab. 16. /. 1. 



Attelabus. Indicus. 
Cyaneus. 



Mant. N° 5. Tbunb. N. Spec. Inf. 3. pi. 63. /. 8r. 
- - - 15. 



Clerus. Apiarius. L. Fab. Sp. Inf. N° 9. Schaf. Ic. 
Cyaneus. - - - Mant. N° 15. 



pi. 48./. ii. 



Prionus. Trochlearis. Lin. S. Nat. p. 622. 

Armillatus. L. Fab. Sp. Inf. N° ii.Oliv. Col. (Prion.) pi. 5. /. 17. 
Roftratus. - - - Mant. N° 3. 
Spinofus. ------ 26. 



Cerambyx. Gigas. - - Fab. Mant. N° 20. 
Fafciatus. - - Spec. Inf. N° 23. 

Barbicornis. L. - - - - 24. M//". L. Ulr. - 68, 
Rugicollis. - - - Mantijf. 40. 
Holofericeus ----- 45. 
Longicollis ----- 46. 
Sentis. - Lin. S. Nat. p. 626. 23. 
Ferrugineus. - - - 25. 

Platypus. - Gmel. Lin, N° 1 32. De Geer, Inf. - 7./. 49. /. 3. 



Lamia, 



FAUNULA INDICA. 



107 



Lamia. Vaginaror. - Fab. Mant. N° 8. 
Grifator. ------ 12. 

Nigricornis. - - Spec. Inf. 10. 
Ariolator. ----- 14. 

Reticulator. - - - - - 16. 

Rotator. - - - - - - 32. 

Lufia. - - Fab. Mant. N° 35. 
Molitor. - Spec. Inf. 42. 

Rubus. L. - - - - - 44. Be Geer, Inf. 

Scabrator. - - - 46. 

Sends. - - Lin. S. Nat. N° 23. 
Ferrugineus. ----- 25. Muf. Lud. XJlr. 

Depreffus. ----- 26. Schr. Inf. 



5./. 13./. 16. 



70. 
8./. 10. 



Stenocorus. Cyaneus. - Fab. Spec. Inf. N° 2. Forft. Cent. Inf. 40. (palliatus.) 
Rufticus. ------ 19. 



Saperda. Vittata. ------ 1: 



Callidium. Barbatum. ■ 
Compreffum. 
Glaucum. - 
Annulare. 
Venuftum. 
Indicum. - 



- i 2 

Mant. 2r 

- Spec. Inf. 41 

Mant. 59 
Gmel. Lin. 298 

- - - 299 



Fuejl. Arch. Inf. - 



S-t. 26. f. 12. 
/.16. 



Leptura. Linearis. - Lin. S. Nat. N° 25. Muf. Lud. Ulr. - 77. 



Lampyris. Cinfta. - 
Deprefla 
Compreffa, 



- Fab. Sp. Inf. 6. 
- - - - 18. 
Gmel. Lin, N° 23. fhiinb. N. Sp, Inf. 4. p. 80. 

P 2 Pyrochroa. 



io8 FAUNULA INDICA. 

Pyrochroa. Nigripes. - - Mantiff. 5. 

Lymexylon. Teflaceum. Fab. Spec. Inf. N° 1. 

Cucujus. Rufus. - - Gmel. Lin. N° xo.Swed. Acl. Stock. - 8. N° 3. 21. 

Cantharis. Melanocephala. Fab. Spec. Inf. 13. 

Tropica. - Lin. S. Nat. N° ly.Gron. Zooph. - 515. /. 14. /. 7. 

Elater. Flabellicornis. L. Fab. Sp. Inf. N° 1. Dr. Inf. - - - 3./)/. 47. /. 1. ? 
Speciofus. L. - 2. 

Luridus. - 3. 

Fufcipes. - - - -. - - 9. 
Melanocephalus. - 38. 

Notatus. - - ... - 45. 
Pallipes. - Fab. Inf. Mant. 46. 



Buprestis. Gigantea. L. - - - - - 3. Petiv. Gaz. t. 147./. 16. 

Vittata. ------ 4. 

Ignita, L. - - - - - 12. - - - - - t.io.f.%. 

JEnea. ------- 15. 

Sternicornis. L. - - - - 17. Grew, Muf - - /. 13. 

Chryfis. L. ----- 18. Be Geer, Inf. - 4. /. 17. /. 25. 

Fulminans. - - Mantiff. 29. 

lmprefla. - - - »^w. /«/! 27. 

Scabra. ------ 30. 

PJebeia. ------ 41. 

lmprefla. - - - Mant. 61. 

Bimaculata. - - Spec. Inf. 45. Sulz. Inf. - - 57. /. 6. /. 15. 

4-maculata. ----- 46. 

Triftis. 



F A U N U L A I N D I C A. 109 

Triftis. L. - Fab. Sp. Inf. N° 47. Muf. Lud.Ulr. - 93. 

Nobilis. L. _--_- 49. 

Stridta. - - Lin. S. Nat. N° 4. • - - 87. 



"icindela. Longicollis. - Fab. Mantiff. N° 1. 
Grofla. - - - Spec. Inf. N° 1. 
Cyanea. - - Mant. 2. 

Bicolor. - - - Spec. Inf. 1. 

Sexpun£tata. ----- 14. 

4-lineata. ------15. 

Biramofa. - - Mantiff. lo.tbunb. N. Sp. Inf. x.pl, 26. f. 40. 

Catena. - Spec. Inf. 18. 



HYDROPHiLus.oiivaceus. ----- 2. 



Dytiscus. Limbatus. - - - Sp. Inf. 5. 
Ruficollis. - - - Mant. N°6. 
Fafciatus. - - Fab. Sp. Inf. 7. 
Vittatus. - - - Spec. Inf. 10. 
Grifeus. ---- --12. 

Aciculatus. - - Gmel. Lin. 64.. Fue/l. Arcb. Inf. - $.p. 123. N'4. 
Zeylanicus. ----- 83. Gro#. Muf. - - i.p. 164. N° 552, 

Gyrinus. Spinofus. 4. 

Carabus. 6-guttatus. ----- 6. 

Reflexus. ----- 20. 

Angulatus. - Fab. Spec. Inf. 21. 

Levigatus. - - - - - 28, 

Attelaboides. - 30. 

Trilineatus. ----- 31, 

Bimaculatus. 



no 



FAUNULA INDICA. 



Bimaculatus. L. Fab. Spec. Inf. 45.6W2;. H. Inf. 

Cinftus. .... - go. 

Flexuofus. ----- 66. 

Indicus. - - Gmel. Lin. 153. Fuefl. Arch. Inf. 

Splendidus. ----- 15^. - 

Marginellus. - - - - 155. 



>• 7- /• 5- 



6.t. 29. /. 1 1. 

p. 13S. N" :I. 
■ p. 138. N° 4 2. 



Pimelia. Striata. 
Gibba. 
Fafciata. 



Ma -tiff, 3. 
■ Spec. 18. 



Scarites. Bucephalus. - Gmel. Lin. N° 20. 



/. 29./. 16. i. 



Blaps. 



Striata. 
Crenata. 



Fab. Sp. Inf. N° 5. 
- - - - 6. 



Tenebrio. Laminatus. 
Punctulatus. 
Abbreviatus. 



Mantiff. 1. 
- - - 2. 
Spec. Inf. 6. 



Helops. Maura. 
Dentipes. 



5- 
12. 



Mylabris. Fafciata. - - - - - - 1. 

Algirica. L. - - - - - 3. 

Indica. ... Gmel. Lin. 16. 

Undulata. - - - - - 18. 

Bifafciata. - - - - - 21. 



6. /. 30. / 6. 

8./. 48. /. 3. 
t. 48. /. 2. 



Lytta. 



FAUNULA I N D I C A. 

Lytta. Syriaca. L. - Fab. Sp. Inf. 3. Fuejl. Arch. Inf. - 6. t. 30. f. 1. 
Ruficollis. - - Gmel. Lin. 13. - - - - - 8.^.48./. 4. 



Staphylinus. Aureus. ■- ■ - Mantiff. i» 



O R D O IL U L O N A T A. 



Blatta. Gigantea. L. Fab. Sp. Inf. N° i.Drur. Inf. - - 2. t. 36. f. 1. 
Indica. ------ 8. 

Petiveriana. ----- \3.Petiv. Gaz. - - t.yi.f.i. 

Orientalis. L. - - - - i^.Schaf.Ic. - - - /. 88. /. 2. 3, 

Ruficollis. - - - Mantiff. 22. 

Aterrima. - - Gmel. Lin. 31.FueJl.Arch.Inf. - 8./. 49. /. 9. 

Mantis. Gigas. L. - Fab. Spec. Inf. 1. Petiv. Gaz. - - /. 60. f. 2, 
Necydaloides. L. - - - 1. Roef. 2. Gryl. - - t. 19. 
Atrophica. ----- 3. Fall. Spic.fafc. - 9./. 5./.!. 

Bifpinofa. - - - - - - 4. 

Linearis. - Mant. 9. 

Gongyloides. L. - Sp. Inf. 8. Drw. Inf. - - \.t. 36. f. 2. 

Pauperara. ----- 9. . 

Strumaria. L. - 11. Roef Inf. 2. Gryll. t.i. 

Tricolor. L. - - - - 12. Muf. Lud.Ulr. 117. 

Cancellata. - - - - 13. 

Siccifolia. L,. - - - 14. Roef. Inf. 1. Gryll. t. 17. 

Peftinicornis. L. - - - i$.Drur. Inf. - - \.t. 50. /. 1. 
Urbana. - - - - - - 26. 

Pulchra. - - - Mantiff. 34. 



Acheta. Gryllotalpa, - =■ Spec. Inf. 1, Roef Inf. 2. Gryll. t. 14. 15. 

Monftrofa. 



«*a FAUNULA INDICA. 

Monftrofa. - Fab. Sp. Inf. N" i.Drur. Inf. - - 2. /. 42. /. i. 
Orientalis. - - - - 7. 

Locusta. Citrifolia. L. ----- 1. Roef. Inf. 2. Gryll. t.i6.f.j. 

Elongata. L. ----- 10. - - - - - /. 18./. 7. 

Femorata. - - Fab. Mant. 12. 

Ocellata. L. - - Sp. Inf. 11.Seb.Muf. - - 4./. 73. /. 7. 8. 

Triops. L. - - - - 16. 

Coronata. L. - Fab. Sp. Inf. 17. Be Geer, Inf. - 3. t. 38. /. 5. 

Melanoptera. L. - - - 18. 

Coriacra. L. - - - - 19. Muf. Ad. Fr. - 136. 

Spinulofa. L. - - - iZ.Edw.Av. - - 2. t. 285./. 3.4. 5. 

Indica. - Gmel. Lin. N° 116. Fuefl. Arch. Inf. - 8. t. 53. /. 2. 
Unicolor. - Lin. S. Nat. N° 3. Muf Lud. Ulr. 119. 
Carinata. ------ 6. - - - - 122. 

Lamellofa. ----- 11. Roef Gryll. - - t. 18. /. 7 ? 

Rugofa. - - - - - - 25. Muf Lud. Ulr. 132. 

Aquilina. ----- 27. - 133. 

Faftigiata. ----- 29. - 135. 

Gryllus. Succinftus. L. - - Fab. Sp. 2. Aman. Ac. - - 6.^.398.36. 
Reticulars. - - - 7. 

Serripes. - - Mantiff. 8. 
Turcicus. ----- 10. 

Punclatus. - - - Sp. Inf. iq.Drur.Inf - - 2./. 41./. 4. 
Hsmatopus. L. \6. De Geer. Inf. - 5. /. 40. /. 10, 

Penicillatus. L. - 50. Amccn. Ac. - - 6. p. 398. 34, 



O R D O III. Synistata. 

MoNOCutus. Polyphemus. L. Fab. Sp. Inf. N° 1. Rumph. Muf. - 21. /. 12. 

Oniscus. 



FAUNULA INDICA. 
Oniscus. Linearis. L. - Fab. Sp. Inf. N° 8. Fall. Spic.fafc. - 9./. 4. /. 11. 

Semblis. Fufcata. - - 4. 

Termes. Fatale. L. - - - - : - i.De Geer, Inf. - 7.^.37./. 1.2. 



Myrmeleon. Pardalis. - '- - « - o» 

Pundtatum. - Mant. 7. 

Ichneumon. Pedator. - Spec-, Inf. 52. 

Polycerator. - - - - 63. 

Punctatus. - - - 104. 

Sphex. Fervens. L. ----- 12. Muf Lud. Vlr. 406, 

Erythrocephala. - - - - 14. 

Argentata. - Mantiff. 6. 

Maderafpatana. - Spec. Inf. 16. 
ComprdTa. - - - - 19. 

Ciliata. - - - - Mantiff. 24. 

Vefpiformis. Fab. Sp. Inf. N° 23. 
Analis. - - - - - - 27. 

Affimilis. - Mantiff. 33. 

Tropica. L. - Spec. Inf. 37. •> 408. 

Maura. - - - - Mantiff. 38. 

Aurata. _----- 45. 

Nigrita. - - Spec. Inf. 45. 

Villofa. - - - - - 47. 

Flava. _.--._ 48. 
Flavicornis. - - - - - 50. 

Indoftana. - Lin. S. Nat. N° 7. 407. 

Indica. --- - - - 26. - - - 408. 

Q^ TlPHIA, 



TIi F A U N U L A I N D I C A. 

Tiphia. Collaris. - Fab. Sp. InJ. N° 8. 
Dorfata. - - Mantijf. 1 1 „ 

Ruiicornis. - - - - - 12, 

Scolia. 4-puftulata. - - Sp. InJ. 13.. 

Chrysis. Splendida. ----- i„ 

Oculata - - - - 4. 

Bembex. Repanda. - - - Mantijf. 6. 
Interrupta. - - - 8. 

Vespa. Cinfta. - - Fab. Sp. InJ. N" 1. Sulz. InJ. - - - t. ay. f. 5.. 
Cornuta. L. - - - Sp. InJ. y.Drur.InJ. - - 2. /. 48. /. 3,. 
Calida. L. - - - - - 23. 

4-punftata - - - MantiJJ. 55. 
Hcbrsea. ------58. 

Flavefcens. - - - Sp. InJ. 50. 
Petiolata. - - - - - 56. 

Efuriens. - - - Mantijf. 75. 

Crabrq. Cornutus. - Fab. Man t. N" 3. 
Repandus. ----- 5, 
Intgrruptus. - - - - - 10. 

Andrena. Cindta - Sp. InJ. 8. 

Zonata. L. - - - - - 11. MuJ. Lud.Ulr. 4T5. 

Apis. Plumipes. - - - - - 35. 

Bicolor. 





FAUNULA I N t) I C A. 




Bicolor. - - - - Sp. Inf. 55,, 




Villofa. ----- -56. 




Florea. - - - Mantijf. 87. 




Smaragdula. - - - - - 91. 




Cordata ? - - Lin. S. Nat. 15. Muf. Lud. U/r, 


NoMADA. 


Hiftrio. - - - Fab. Sp. Inf. 1. 


Formica, 


Smaragdina. - - - - N° 2. 




Comprefla - Man t if. 1. 




Cinerafcens. - - - - - 12. 




Elongata. - - - 13. 




Elevata. - - Sp. Inf. 26. 




Bihamata. - - - 29. Dr. Inf. - 




Maxillofa. - - ; i - 37- 



*1S 



414, 



- - i.t. 38. f. 7 . 8. 



Mutilla. Indica. - - - Lin. S, Nat. 3. Muf. Lud. Ulr. 419. 
ORDO IV. Agonata. 



Cancer. 



Raninus. L. 
Ceratopthalmus. 
Globus. - - 
Craniolaris. L. 
Porcellanus. 
Corallinus. - 
Floridus. L. 
Vocans. L. 
Maculatus. L. 
Masnas. L. - 
Dormia. L. - 



Fab. Sp. Inf. 1. Rumph. Muf. 
- Mant. 6. Herbft. Cancr. 

- Sp. Inf. 6. 

- - 7. Rumph. Muf 

Mantijf. 1 1 . Herbft. Cancr. 

- - - 23. Rumph. Muf. 

Sp. Inf. 16. Herbft. Cancr. 

- - - 17. Petiv. Gaz. 

- 21. Rumph. Muf 

- - - 25. - - - 

- - - 27. - - * 

Q^2 



- - t. 7. /. T. V. 

- 174./-. 1./. 8.9, 

- - /. 10. /. A. B» 
92. 12. /. 2. f. 18. 

- - t. 8./. 5. 

- - t. 3. /. 39 . 

- - /. 7 3./. 5. 

- - f. to. /. 1. 

- - /. 6. /. O. 
- t. 11. /. 1. 

6-dentatuSj 



n6 



FAUNULA INDICA. 



6-dentatus. - Fab. Mantijf. N° 43. Rumph. Amb. - • t. 1./. 5, 
Feriacus L. - - Sp. In/. ii.Mii/. - - - - /. 6. /. P. 

Pagurus. L. ----- 29. - - - - /. 11./. 4.. 

iEneus. L. - - - - - 32. Seb. Muf. - - 3./. 19. /. 17. 

Fomicatus. o_p. /«/". y^>. />. 502. 

Ochtades. - - - Mantijf. 55. i&r^. Cane. - - /. 8. /. 54. 

Ovis. ------- 66. ----- y". 74. 

Cylindrus. - - - Sp. In/. 35. 

Chabrus. L. --.'-'- ^6. Muf. Lud. Ulr. 438. 
Muricatus. - - Mantijf. 6~j.Herbft. Cancr. - ~ /. 75. 

Erinaceus. - - - -- - 71, 

Superciliofus. L. 71. Seb. Muf. - - 3./. 18. /. 11. 

Punftatus. L. - - Sp. Inf. 44. Rumph. Amboin. - t. 10. /. 6. 
7-fpinofus, - - - Mant. 75. 

Horridus. L. - - Sp. Inf. 51. Rumph. Muf. - - t. 9. /. 1. 
Eongimanus L, 55. - - - .. t.i. f. 1. 

Longipes. L. - - - - 56. - - - - - /. 8. /. 4. . 

Spinifer. L. - - - 57. Muf. Lud. Ulr. 447. 



Pagurus. 



Latro. L. 
Diogenes. L. 
Hungarus. 
Miles. -• - 
Clypeatus. 



1 . Rumph. Mu/. 

- . - 3- - - - 

Mantijf. 4. Herb/. Caner. 

- - 6. - - - 

- - 7- 



'■ 7- /• 4- 
/. 5- /• K. L. 
t. ./.m. 
- /■ 1 i4« . 



Hippa. 



Adaftyla ? - 
Dorfipes. L. 
Variolofa. - 



Fab. Mantijf. N°i. 

3. Rumph. Muf. 
- - -. - - 5. 



/. 10. /. 3. 



Scyllarus. Ar&us. L. - 



ty. /»/. 1. 



/. 1. /. 6. D. 



Astacus, Homarus. L. 



- 3- 



/. 1. /- A. 

Emeritus. 



F.AUNULA I N D I C A. 117 

Emeritus. L. - Sp. Inf. 16. Gron. Zooph. 1000. /. 17. /. 8. 9. 



St^uiLLA. Mantis. L. i.Rumph. Muf. - - /. 3. /. 2. 

Scyllarus. L. - - ... 2 . Seb. Muf. - - 3. t. 20. /. 6. 

Ciliata. - - Man t if. 3. 

Chiragra ?- - Sp. In/ 3. Rumph. Muf. - - (.3. f. F. 



ORDO V. Unogata. 



Libellula. Indica. - - - Fab. Sp. Inf. 8. Drur. Inf. - - 2. /. 46. /. 1. 
Fafciata. L. - - - - - 17. Edw. Av. - - - /. 174. 
Americana. L. - - 23. 

Hiftrio. - Mantiff. 24. 

Variegata. - Lin. S. Nat. 18. Amcsti. Ac. - - 6, p. 412. N° 86. 



Agrion. Ciliata. - - - Fab. Sp. In/ 3. 

Linearis. - -. - - - - 5. Drur. Inf. - - 1. 1. 48. /. 1. 



Julus. Stigma. ------ 8. 

Carnifex. - - - - - - 9. Schroet. Abh. - i.t. 3. /. 7. 

Indus. L. - - - - 10. Pet iv. Gaz. « t. 74. f. 3. 

Fufcus. L. - - - 11. Seb. Muf. - - 2. /. 24. /. 4. 5. 

Scolopendra. Morfitans. L. 5. Petiv. Gaz. - - t. 13. /. 3. . 

Dorfalis. ------ 7. 

Clypeata. - - - - - - 8. 

Fhofphorea. L. - - - - 11. 



Aranea. 



nS FAUNULA I N D I C A. 

Aranea, Argentata. - Fab. Sp. Inf. 18. 
Lulca. -- - - - -51. 

Phalancium. Caudatum. L. - 'j.Seb.Muf. - - 1. /. 70. /. 7. S. 

Scorpio. Afer. L. - - - - - - 3. Roe/. Inf. - - 3. /. 65. 

O R D O VI. G L O S S A T A. 

* E QJJ ites Troes. 

Papilio. Paris. L. - Fab. Sp. Inf. 2. N° i.Dritr. Inf. - - i.t. 12. /. 1. 
Thefeus. - - - - - _ 3. Cram. Inf. - - 15./. 180. B. 

Polytes. L. - - - 4. - - - 8./. 90. B. 

Heftor. L. ----- 5. - - - - 12./. 141. A. 

Romulus. - ------- - - - -/. 43. A. 

Helenus. L. ----- 7. - - - 13.;. 153. A. B. 

Antenor. - - - - - - i.Drur. Inf. - - 2. /. 3. /. 1. 

Troilus. L. - - - - - 9. - - - - - 1. 1. i \.f. 2.3. 5? 

Palinurus. - Fab. Mantiff.Y^" 10. 

Deiphobus. L. Sp. Inf. 2. N° 10. Cram. Inf. - - \6.t. 181. A. B. 

Pelaus. ------ 12. - - - - - 15./. 177. A. B.C. 

Pammon. L. - - - - 16. ----- ii.t. 141. B. 

Achates. - -----19. ----- 16. /. 182. A. B. 

Polydorus. L. - - - - 20. 11.* 12S. A. B. 

Memnon. L. Var. - - - 23. - - - - - t. 222. A. B. 

Priamus. L. - - - - ai. - - - - - 2. /. 23. A. B. 

Remus. - -- - - - 22. - -- - - i.t. 10. A. B. & 

11. A. B. 
Agenor. L. - - - - - 25. - - - - - 3./. 32. A. B. 

Amphrifius. - - Mantiff, 23. - - z '" " 19. /. 219. A. 

Alcandor. 



FAUNULA INDICA. 



119 



Alcandor. - 
Sarpedon. L. 
Amphimedon. 
iEneas. L. - 
Lyfander.- - 
Polymneftor. 
Panthous. L. 
Remus. 
Pandarus. L. 
Aftenous, - 



Spec. Inf. 28. 
- - 3 1 - 



- /.40.A.B.D.E. 
1 \.t. 122. D. E. 
\~j.t. 194.. A. ' 
3./. 29.C.-F. 



Mantiff. 



33- - " " " 

35- " " " " 
36. -.-. 

24. - 

17. Muf. Lud. Ulr. 

38. Crarf. Inf. - 



2./. 24. E. ? 

5./. 53. A. B. 
11./. 123. 124. 
12./.135.A.136.A. 
:9s. 
17. f. 195. A. 



* E Q_U ITES AcHIVI. 



L. 



Ripheus. 

Pyrrhus. 

Tiridates. 

Aeclus. 

Fabius. 

Gocles. 

Leilus. L. - 

Ulyfles. L. 

Patroclus. L. 

Diomedes. L. 

Varanes. 

Alcibiades. 

Pompiiius. 

Sinon. - 

Antheus - 

Chiron. 

Curius. 

Pcriander. - 

Codrus. 

Meneftheus. 

Xuthus. L. 



Fab. Mantiff. N° 
- Sp. Inf. 2. N° 

Mantiff. 

■ - Sp. Inf. N° 

Mantiff. 

- - Sp. Inf. 



Mantiff. 
Sp. Inf. 

Mantiff. 

Sp. Inf. 



S3 
54 
55 
65 

66 

S9 

Go 

7i 

74 
6 9 

7 + 

IS 



Cram. Inf. 



t. 385. A. B. 
/. 220. A. B. 
t. 161. A. B. 
/. 317.A. B. 



Drur. Inf. 
Cram. Inf. 



t. 85. C. D. 
/. 121. A. B. 
t. 109. A. B. 
/. 122. A. 
/. 160. D. E. 

/. 37. A. B. 
'• 22. /. 3. 4. 
t. 235. B. C. 
/. 200. D. E. 



/. 179. A. B. 
/. 142. A. B. 
/.73.A.B. 

Crefphontes, 



12.0 



FAUNU1A I N D I C A. 



Crefphontes. - - Sp. Inf. 77 
Orontes. L. ----- 8a 
iEgiftus. ------ 

Agamemnon. L. 

/Egiftheus. L. 

Empedocles. 

Euryalus. 

Phidippus. L. ■ 

Nifus. - - - 

Aurelius. 

Demoleus. L. 

Medon. L. - 

Philoftetes. L. 

Nireus. JL. - 

Amphimachus. 

Amphitrion. 

Gambrifius. 

Drufius. 

Demophon. L. - Sp. Inf. 97 

Eurypylus. L. - - - - 106 

Aflenous. ------ 

Sabinus. - Sp. Inf. Ap. p. 502 
Jafon. - - Lin. S. Nat. N° 38 



- - 81 

- - - N°82 

- Man.tiff. 94 

- - Sp.bf. b 3 

- - - - 85 

- - - - 84 

- - - 86 

- - - - 87 

- - - - 89 

- - - - 90 

- - - . 93 

- - " - 94 
- - - - 96 

Fab. Mantlff. 1 1 3 



Cram. Inf. 



t. 89. A. & 
/. 83. A. B. 
■t. 241. C. D. 



Muf. Lud. Ulr. 210. 



t. 106. C. D. 
/. 200.A.E.C 

/. 74. A.B. 
t. 69. A. B. 
t. 150. A. B. 
t. 168. A.B. 
t. 231. A. B. 
t. 205. B. C. 
t. 20. A.B. C. 
t. 187. A. B. 
/.S4. A. B.? 
.'. 157. A.B. 
/. 43- F. G. 
f.229.A.23o.A 
t. 158. A.— E. 
t. 122. B.C. 
/. ao8. A.B. 
/. 289. A.— D. 



H 



E L I C O N I I. 



Calliope. L. - Fab. Sp. Inf. 


107. 


Cram. 


Inf. - 


- 


i. 24.6. C. 


Melite. L. - - - - - 


108. 


- 




- 


t. 153. CD. 


Mopfa. L. 


109. 


- 


- - 


- 


/. 190. D. 


Mneme. L. - - - - 


1 10. 


- 


- _ _ 


- 


/. 190. C. 


Eybia. - - - - - - 


i'ii. 


- 


- - - 


- 


t. 177. C. D. 


Vioke. I.. 


112. 


- 


- 


- 


/. 298. D. E. 


Terpfichore. L. - - - 


113- 


- 


- _ 


- 


t. 298. A. B. C 


Serena. - - - - - - 


114. 


- 


. 


■ 


/. 268. A. B. 
Urania 



FAUNULA INDICA. 121 

Urania. L. Fab. Sp. Inf. N° 1 17. Muf. Lud. Ulr. 

Pfidii. L. - - - - - 124. Cram. Inf. - 

Afpafia. - - Man t if. 145. 

yEgle. - - Sp. Inf. 125. - - - - 

Thalia. L. ----- 130. - 

Euryta. L. ----- 131. 

Aedea. L. - - - - - 132. Clerck. Ic. - 

Antiocha. L. - - 1 34. Cram. Inf. - 

Erato. L. - - - - - 146. - 

Afiarica. ------ ---.• 



s 










t. 


257. 


P. 




t. 


126. 


CD.? 




t. 


246, 


, A. 




t. 


23.1- 


A. B. 




t. 


4I-, 


f.2. 




t. 


33. 


E. F. 




t. 


119 


. A. 




t. 


3 6 3' 


,A.B. 



**** Parnassii. 

Quirina. ----- 152. 

Piera. L. - - - - - 153. ----- t. 291. CD. 

Pafithoe. L. - - 154. ----- /. 258. E. F. 

Andromeda. - 158. 

Idea. L. - - - - - 160. ----- t. 193. A. B. 



***** Danai Candid 1. 

BrafTicae. L. - - - - 161. - - - - - /. 271.E. F. 

Napi. L. ----- 163. Mitt. Inf. - - /. 52. F. G. 

Valeria. - ----,- Cram. Inf. - - - t. 85. A. 

Libythea. - - - - - 172. 

Creona. ----- 175. - - - - - /. 95. C — F. 

Nerifia. - - - - - - -----/. 44. A. 

Demophile. L. - - - lyj.C/erck. Ic. - - - /. 28. /. 4. 

Crocale. - - - - * - - Cram. Inf - - - /. 55. C D. 

Hecabe. L. - - - - 178. ----- /. 124. B.C. 

Drufilla. ------- ----- /.no. C 

Paulina. -- --.---/. no. E. F. 

Xiphia. - - - - - - 180. 

Hedyle. /. 186. C D. 

R Eucharis. 



122 



FAUNULA INDICA. 



Eucbaris. - 
J ugurtha. 
Alcmeone. 
Oenippe. - 
Pyranthe. L. 
Catilla. - 
Leucippe. - 
Thetis. - ■ 
Cailirhoe. - 
Mefentina. 
Glaucippe. L 
Zelmira. - 
Euippe. L. 
Coronnis. 
Hyparete. L. 
Evagete. - 
Scylla. L. - 
Coronea. 
Cornelia. - 
Agathina. - 
Judith. - 
Belifairae. - 
Amata. 
iEnippe. - 
Cyprasa. - 
Hilaria. 
Danae. 
Sefia. - - 
Rahel. - ■ 
Ada. - - 
Meffalina. - 
Zeuxippe. - 
Gnoma. 
Drya. 

Philea. L. ■ 
Dorimenes. 



Fab. Sp. Inf. N° 181. Cram. Inf. ~ - - 

- - - - 186. 

- - - - iZZ.Muf. Lud. Ulr. 245 
- - 189. Cram. Inf. - - - 



/.352.C.D.E.F. 
/. 187. E. F. 
/. 141. E. 
/. 229. B.C. 



1 90. PL Enlum. 

191. Cram. Inf. 



- Mantiff. 



192. 

193. - - ■ 

1 94. Clerck. Ic. 
- Cram. Inf. 

203. - - 

201. 

229. 



/. 229. E. F. 
/. 36. A.-C. 
/. 238. F. G. 
/. 91. /. 1.2. 
/. 270. A. B. 
/. 164. A.— C 
/. 320. C— F. 
t. 91.D.— G.? 
/. 44- B. C. 
t. 38. /. 2. 3. 
/. 221. F. G. 
/. 12. CD. 
/. 68. B. C. 



- Sp.Inf 

- Mantiff. 



230. 
204. 
232. 



- Sp. Inf. 

- Mantiff. 



205. 
234- 
*3S- 



- Sp. Inf. 



236. 

217. 
218. 
221. 



/. 237. D. E. 
/.258A.B.C.D 
/. 157. C. D. 
t. 339. E. F. 
/. 217.C.D.E. 
/. 363. CD. 



/. 362. E. F. 
/. 361. C D. 
/. 120. CD. 
/. 173. E. F. 
/. 387. CD. 

Acafta. 



FAUNULA INDICA. 



123 



Acafta. - Lin. S. Nat. N° 83. Muf. Lud. Ulr. 250. 
Encedonia. ----- 90. - 244. 

Arfalte. - - - - - - yuClerek. Ic. - - - /. 23. /. 2. 

Damone. ------ 93. 



f Danai Festivi. 



Midamus. L. 
Claudius.- 
Climene. 
Liberius. - 
Syphax. 

Eyialeus. - - 
Eualthe. 
Csneus. L. 
Genutia. - - 
Pinthseus. L. - 
Chryfippus. L. 
Hfgefippus. - 
Nicaeus. 
Gripus. 
Xandius. L. 
Arcefdaus. 
Eribotes. - 
Morvus. 
Cocytus. - - 
Obrinus. L. 
Ancasus. L. - 
Jairus. - - - 
Philocles. L. - 
Aeropus. L. - 
Mineus. - - 
Baldus. - - - 
Zetes. - Lin 
Enceiadus. - - 



Fab. Sp. Inf. 
Mantijf. 



227. Cram. Inf. 
261. 



Mantijf. 
Sp. Inf. 



- Sp. Inf. 229. - - - 

234. - - - 
267. - 

235. - - - ■ 
239. Muf. Lud. Ulr. 

Cram. Inf. - 
242. -.-'-■ 
245. - - - 
248. - - - 
251. - - - 
255. - - - 
257. - - - • 

267. 

270. «,-_.- 

316. 

275. - - - ■ 

276. - 

- - - 281. - - - 

- - - 285. - - - . 

- _ . 287. - - - - 

- - - 294. - - - - 

- - - 306. 

S. Nat. N° 1 10. Clerck. Ic. - 

- - - 1 12. Muf. Lud. Ulr. 

R 2 



Mantijf. 
Sp. Inf. 



Mantiff. 
Sp. Inf. 



- t. 266. A. B. 

- /. 266. C. 

- /. 389. E. F. 

- t. 210. G. H. 

- /. 233. C. D. 

- t. 189. D. E. 
i. 17. E. F. 

271. 

- /. 206. C. D. 

- /. 258. 

- /. 118. B. C. 

- /. 180. A. 

- /. 12. G. H. 

- /. 183. C. D. 

- /. 183. A. B. 



t. 48. A. B. 

/. 338. C. D. 
/. 49. E. F. 
t. 6. A. B. 
t. 184.D. E. F. 
t. in. F. G. 
/. 84. C. D. 



/. 43. /. 1. 



254. 



Eribote. 



124 



FAUNULA INDICA. 



Eribote. - Lin. S. Nat. N° 115. Muf. Lud.Ulr. 
Perius. -- ----116. - - 

Philomelus. - ii^.Amxn. Ac. 



233. 
261. 
- 6. p. 404. 60. 



* N y M P H A L E S G £ M M A T I. 

Polynice. - Fab. Sp. Inf. N°3io. Cram. Inf. - - - t. 195. D. E. 

Ahnana. L. - - - - 311. - - - - - /. 58. F. G. 

Afterie. L. ----- 312. /. 58. D. E. 

Oenone. L. - - - - 313. _____ /. 35. A. C. 

Erigone. ------------ t. 62. E. F. 

Lemonias. L. - - _ _ 314. ~ - - - - t. 35. D. F. 

Villida. - - - Mantijf. 366. 
Glycene. ----- 379. 

Orithya. L. - - Sp. Inf. 315. ----- /. 32. E. F. 

Remulia. __- ------ _ __/. 232. F. G. 

Feronia. L. 318. ----- /. 192. E. F. 

Lampetia. L. - Mantijf. 378. ----- /. 148. D. D. /. 

349. A. B. 

Roxelana. - - - Sp. Inf. 320. /. 141. C. D. 

Minerva. ----- 327. - - - - - /. 116.E. F. 

Laomedia. L. - - - - 333. " " " " " *. 8. F. G. 

Cardui. ------ 364. - - - - - t. 26. E. F. 

Atlita. - - - - Man*. 388. 

Libye. L. - - - Sp. Inf. 334. Sultz. Inf. - - - t. 17. /. 7. 

Juftina. _------- Cram. Inf. t. 326. C. 

Hcdonia. L. - - - - 33S- - - - - ~ /• 69. C.D.^ 

Arfinoe. L. - - 345. - - - - - f. 160. B. C. 

Panthera. - - Mantijf. 407. 

Pipleis. L. - - Sp. Inf. 368. - 1 - - - t. Go. A. B. 

Claudia. - - - - - 369. Naturforeh. 9. - - /. 2. 

Bankia. - - - - - - 371. Cram. Inf. - - - t. 16. A. B. & 

291. I. 

Leda '- - 376. '• *9 6 > C - D - 

Rohria. - Mantijf. 446. 

Arcenfia. 



FAUNULA I 


N D I C A. 


125 


Arcenfia. ------ 


Cram. Inf. - - - 


/. 292. D. E 


Conftantia. - \#* - - - - - 


j. 


t. 133. A. b. 


Polydc&a. Fab. Sp. Inf. N° 373. 


_ - 


t. 144. E. F. 


Iphita. ------ 379. 


- _ - - - 


/. 209. C. D. 


'1 olumnia. ----- 374. 


_ 


/. 130. F. G. 








Morna. - 375. 






Polibcte. - - - - - - 


____.. 


t. 234. D.E. & 
235- C. D. 


Juliana. Fab. Sp. If. App. p. 503. 


- 


/. 280. A. B. 








Helie. - Lin. S. Ndf: IS* t$it 


Clerck. Ic. - - - 


t. 34- /• 3- 


Arete. ------- 


Cram. Inf. - - - 


t.313. E. F. 



** Nymph ales Phaleratt. 

Ida. - - - Cram. Inf. - - - t. 42. C. D. & 

374. CD. 
Cydippe. L, - Fab. Sp. Inf. 388. /. 62. A. B. 

Penthefilia. ----- 390. - - * - - t. 145. B.C. 
Melita. -------- /. 28. D. E. 

Cyane. - - - 392. Drur. Inf. - - i.t. 4. f. 1. 

Vitdlia. - - - Man tiff. 474. Cram. Inf. - - . t. 349. E. F. 
Antilope. ----- -_- - ---/. 18 ,. E. F. 

Protogenia. - - Sp. Inf. 39$. " " * " " ^189. F. G. 
Atalanta. ----- 397. ----- t. 84. E.E Var. 

Charonia. - - - - ^gS. - - - - /. 47. A. B.C. 

Polychloros. L. 404. ----- /.33o.C.D.Var. 

juventa. * + - - /. 188. B. 

Dirce. L. - - - - - 407. - - - - - t. 212. C. D. 

H-ippoclus. --._-_--_---/. 222. C. D. 
C. Aureum. L. 410. - - - - - /. 19. E. F. 

Ariadne. L. - - - - 412. ----- t. 1 44. G. H. 

Proferpina. - - - - - - - - - - - /. 218. CD. 

BoliriEe. L. 414. - - - - /. 65. E. F. 

x LifiomlTse. 



i 2.6 



FAUNULA INDICA. 

Lifionaffe. Cram. Inf. - - t. 205. A. B. 

Clytia. L. - - - Sp. Inf. 415. Muf. Lud. Ulr. 296. 

Thyonneus. - - - - - - Cram. Inf. - - - t. 222. E. F. 

Archefia. - - Sp. App. p. 504. - - - - - /. 219. D. E. 

Amathea. L. - Spec. Inf. N°4i6 /. 209. A. B. 

Undularis. - Sp. App. p. 504. -----/. 256. A. B. 
Monina. - - Mantijf. N° 502. 

Lamis. - /. 238.E. 

Allica. ----- N°5io. ----- /. 280. E. F. 

Leucothoe L. - Sp. Inf. 421. ----- t. 203. E. F.J 

Mclicorta. ----- 423. - - - - - t. 212. E. F. 

Heliodore. - - Mantijf. 516. 

llithuia. - - - Sp.frif.426. ----- /. 213. A. B. 

Pelea. - - - Mantijf. 523. 

Erymanthis. -_---------/• 238. F. G. 

Venilia. L. - - Sp. Inf. 431. ----- /. 219. B. C. 

Alimena. I,. - - - 432. ----- t. 221. A. B.C. 

Phcerufa. L. - - - - 433- ----- /. 130. B. C. 

Manilia. -.-..-/. 259. A. B. 

Hippona. 434- - - " - - '• 9°- c - D - 

Adonia. - /. 259. C. D. 

Agatha. - - - Mantijf. 530. 

Neasrea. L. - - Sp. Inf. 44.1. ----- /. 75. C. D. 

Acefte. L. ----- 442. t. 121. E. F. 

Porphyria. '• 2 59- E - F - 

Eurinome. ----- 443. - - - " - t.-jo.K. 

Nefte. " '• 2 5 6 - E. F. 

Diffimilis. L. - - - - 444- /. 82. CD. 

Affimilis. L. - - - - 445- /. 154. A. 

Similis. L. 446. - - - - - '■ 3°- D. 

Lotis. *• 2 3°- D. E. 

Lais. 448. - - - - - /• no. A.B. 

Valentina. - - t. 327. C. D. 

Egialea. - - - - - 449- M92. D. 

Alcippe. ------------ t.^.G.tt. 

Panope 45°- ----- /.65.C.D. 

Villida. 



FAUNULA INDICA. 



127 



Villida. - 

Hippia. - 
Martha. 
Elea. - 
Cytherea. 
Phalantha. 
Tipha. 
Canace. - - 
Idmone. - 
Elea. 

Janaffh. - - 
Nauplia. - 
Hypermneftra 
Nefea. - 



- - MantiJ. 

- - Sp. Inf. 

Fab. Sp. Inf. N< 
Lin. S. Nat. N' 



Cram. Inf. 



545- 
555- 
460. 

474- 
485. 
164. 

i73< 

182, 
183, 
185 
197 
198 



Clerck. Ic. - 
Drur. Inf. 
Clerck. Ic. - 
Drur. Inf. 
, Muf. Lud. Ulr. 
. Drur. Inf. 
. MuJ. Lud. Ulr. 
. Clerck. Ic. 
. Amen. Ac. 
. Mttf. Lud. Ulr. 



t. 349- C. D. 



- /. 242. D. E. 

- t. 39./. 3. 
i.t.ii.f. 1. 2. 

- t. 32. /. 3. 

. 1./. 15. /. 1. 2. 
310. 

- 2./. 17./. 5. 6. 
294. 

- t. 46. /. 1.2. 

- 6. p. 407. 69. 
302. 



| Plibeii Rurales. 

Amor. - - Fab. Sp. Inf. 491. 

Vulcanus. ------ Cram. Inf. - - 

Lifias. - - Man t iff. 615. 

Etolus. - - - - - - 620. 

Ganymedes. - - Sp. Inf. 500. - - 
Sphinx. -- - - - - 511. - - 

Hyacinthus. - - - - 516. - - 

Iarbus. - - - MantiJ. 648. 

Baeticus. L. Sp. Inf. 529. Ernfl. Pap. d' Eur. 

Strephon. - - - - 531. 

Atymnus. - - Man tiff. 662. Cram. Inf. - - 
Aeolus. - - - Sp. Inf. 535. PL Enlum. 
Simsethis. - - - - 537. Drur. Inf. 

Ixion. - - - - - - 540. 

Nedymond. - - ... - Cram. Inf. - - 
Rofimon. - - - - - 541. 

Laius. ---------- 

Amyntor. ----- 543 



/. 208. E. F. 



/. 40. C. D. 
t. 46. F. G. 
/. 36. C. D. 

t. 37. /. 76. 

/. 331. D. F. 
/. 18. /. 6. 7. 
ut. 1./. 3. 

/. 299. E. F. 

/. 319. D. E. 
/. 159. D. E. 

Triopas. 



laS FAUNULA INDICA. 

Triopas. - ------ Cram. InJ. - - - /. 310. G. fT. 

Eurnolphus. -------- - .-/. 299. G. H. 

Hylax. - - Fab. Sp. InJ. 559. 
Midas. - - - - - - 564. 

Melampus. --------- .-./. 362. G. H. 

iEfopus. ----- 565. Drur. InJ. - - i.t. 9./. 3. 4. 

Phasdrus. ----- - 566. Cram. InJ. - - - t. 238. C. 

Aratus. --------- - -- /. 365.A. B. 

Cephus. ------ 576. 

Petavius. - - ___---__./. 365. C. D. 

Haraldus. - - Mantijf. 744. 

Ubaldiis. ----- - ... . -_/. 390. L. M. 

Neleus. L,. - - Sp. InJ. 581. Clerck. Ic. - - - /. 45./. 2. 
Bochus. - - Cram. InJ. - - - t. 391. C.D. 

Priaffus. L. - - - - - $y\.MuJ. Lud. Ulr. 319. 

Polybe. - Lin.S.Nat.Wiil.Amam.Ac. - - 6.^.404.58. 
Timantes. ----- i\\.MuJ. Lud.Ulr. 322. 

Pcleus. - 249. Clerck. Ic. - - - t. 45. /. 5. 



ff Plebeii Urbicol^e. 

Exclamationis. Fab. Sp. InJ. N° 595. 

Augias. L. - - - - - 597. Amcen. At. - - 6. p. 410. 80. 

Colon. - - - - - - 598. 

Alckhoe. - - Cram. Inf. - - - t. 80. C. D. 

Alexis. --- ---619. 

Thrax. L. - .- - - - 620. - - - - - 6./. 68. E. 

Dan. - - - - Mantijf. 798. 

Chromus. --------- - "_-/. 284. E. 

Ladon. ---------- - .-/. 284. G. 

Gnetus. - Fab. Sp. InJ. N° 624. PL Enl. - - - /. 18. /. 8. 9. 
Polycletus. L. - - - - 627 . Cram. InJ. - - - /. 159. F. G. 

Coridon. --------- - -- /. 340. C.D.E. 

Phidias. L. - - - - 632. /. 41. C. D. 

Japetus. -- - /• 3 6 5- E - F - 

Maimon. 



FAUNULA INDICA. 129 

Maimon. - Fab. Sp. Inf. N° 635. Cram. Inf. - - - t. 22. C. ? 

Foreftan. - - - [ " *' 39 1 - E - F - 

Menalcas. ----- 639. 

Cekenus. /.393.A.B. 

Spio. L. 645. Muf. Lud. Ulr. 330. 

Menes. - - - * - '• 393- H. I- 

Pygmseus. ----- 646. 

Butes. - Un. S. Nat. N° 261. Clerck. 1c. - - - t. 46. /. 6. 

Phaleros. 272. 

Ccreus. ----- 273. 

Sphinx. Afiliformis. - Fab. Sp. Inf. N" 6. 

Nerii. - ----- 11. Cram. Inf. - - - /. 224. D. 

Hypothous. - - '• 28 S- D- 

Dentata. 16. - - - - - /. 125. G - 

Ancasus. -" " ~ ' '• 355- A- 

Alope. - - - - Mantiff. 19. - - - - - '• 3°i- £• 

Opheltes. - - - f. 285.B. 

Ello. L. - - - Sp. Inf. 17. Drur. Inf. - - ut.Vj.f.3. 
Adteus. - - - - - - - Craw. /?/. --.--/. 248. A. 

Atropos. L. 23. /. 78. A. &. 

r 237. A. 

Phorbas. 25. - - - - - '• 55- B - 

Chiron. '• l 31- E - 

Pagana. ------ 29. 

Oldenlandiae. - - - - 37* 

Phalaris. " - - - '• 149- A - 

Lycetus. 3 8 - - " " " - '- 6l -D. 

Panopus. -- -" - -" A 222. A. B. 

Boerhaavis. 39. Sultz. Inf. - - - /. 20./.3. 

Efon. ------- Cram. Inf. - - - /• 226. C. 

Minus. - Mantiff. 44. 

Drancus. --------- --/. 132. r. 

Porcellus. L. - - Sp. Inf. ^.Ernft. Pap. - - /. 112. N°i6t. 

Convolvuli. L. - - - - 46. Cram. Inf. - - - /. 225. D. 

S Celeno. 



SJG 



F A U N U L A I N D I C A, 

Celerio. L. - - - Sp. Inf. 50. Cram. Inf. - - - /. 125. E. 

Neffus. ----- t. 226. D. 

Crantor - Fab. Sp. Inf. N° 51. - - - - - t. 104. A. 

Aledo. L. 52. /. 137. D. 

Gnoma. 53 A 152. A. 

Menephron. --------- - - t. 285. A. 

Hefpera. ----- 54. 

Faro - t.i%t>. C. 

Butus. - - - - Mantijf. 61. 

Vampyrus. ----- 66. 

Ocypete ? - Lin. S. Nat. N° 4. Muf. Lud. Ulr. 344. 

Megaera. - - - - - - 11. Clerck. Ic. - - - /. 47- /• 2 ~ 

Tifiphone. 23. Muf. Lud. Ulr. 359. 

Brennus. Cram. Inf. - - - t. 398. B. 

Sesia. Ixion. L. - Fab. Sp. Inf. N° 2. A 68. F. 

Odtomaculata. - - - - 8. 

Hippotes. f- 286 - A - 

•Hasmorrhoidalis. - - - 13. A 52. C. D. ? 

Feneftrata. 15. A251.D. 

Zyg<ena. Grus. ------„----- - - - A 368. A. 

Diptera. ------44. 

Aurata --„_/. 264. A. 

Creufa. - Lin. S. Nat. N° 39. Clerck. Ic. - - - A \6. f. 3. 1 

Cyffeus. ------ Cram. Inf. - - - A 355- B - 

Atereus. -..-. - - - A 400. A. 

Bombyliformis. - - fc 4°°- C. 

Bombyx. Paphia. L. - Fab. Sp. Inf. N° 4. A 147- A. B. 

Laocoon. A 117. A. B.C. 

Mylitta. ------ 7 *. 146. A- 

Fabia. - - r - t. 250. B. 

7 Luna- 



FAUNULA INDICA. I31 

Luna. L. - - Fab. Sp. Inf. 15. Cram. Inf. - - - t. 31. A. B. 

Feneftra. L. 18. Clerck. Ic. - - - t. 55. /. 1. 

Polybia. - - - - - - - Cram. Inf. - - - /. 369. A. 

Penelope. ----- 19. - - - /. 45. A. 

Jana. -... - .-/. 396. A. 

Perfpicua. L. - - - - 21. Muf. Lud. Ulr. 373. 
Confpicillator. ----- Cram. Inf. - - - f. 97.A. B. 
Militaris. L. - - - - 22. - - - - - /. 29. B. 
Numana. --------- - -- /.227.A.228.A, 

Eugenia. - - -- t.3^.M. 

Promula. - - - _ - 34. - . - - - t. 72. D. 
Aconyta. --------- - - - /. 131. A. 

Quadricin<5ta. - - Mantijf. 44. 

Barbara. - t. 368. B. 

Lufca. ----- - 49. 

Niceta. -- - - - /. 368. C. 

Hibifct. Sp. Inf. 45. 

Glauca. /. 368. D. 

Imperialis. ----- 62. Drur. Inf. - - i.t. 9. /. I. 

Lunata. ------ Cram. Inf. - - - t. 369. C. 

Craflicornis. ----- 63. 

Silvandra. /. 3 6 9- D - 

Pafinuntia. --------- - .-/. 367. H. 

Nuda. - Mantijf. 105. 

Evergifta. --------- - ,./. 369. E. 

Hyphinoe. ---- >... - --/. 154. B. 

Flava. - - - - Sp. Inf. 82. 

Petofiris. ------- /. 397. D. 

Rutila. - _ - Mantijf. 131. 

Chryforrhea. - Spec. Inf. 102. Roef. Inf. - - x.pb.i.t.il. 

Nicidula. - - - Mantijf. 153. 

Cyane. - - Sp. App. p. 506. Cram. Inf. - - - /. 267. D. 

Crotalarias. - - Sp. Inf. 126. - - - - - 1. t. 5. C. D. 

Ricini. - - - - - - 127. 

Ledxix. ------ 132. - _ - /. 192. C. 

Sanguinolenta. - - 128. - - - - - /. 183. D. 

S 2 Lepida. 



> 



132 FAUNULA I N D I C A. 

Lepida. - - - - - - - Cram. Inf. - - - t. 130. E. 

Francifca. - - Mantijf. 200. 

Monycha. --------- - - - /. 131. C. 

Jefuita. - - Sp. Inf. 145. 

Ladtinia. /• *33- D- 

Gloriofae. - - - 150. 

Brotea. -- --. - -./. 322. E. 

Crini. - - - - - - 151. 

Pundtigera. - Lin. S. Nat. 151. Clerck. Ic. - - - /. 50. /. 3. 

Noctua. strix. L. - - Fab. Sp. Inf. 3. Cram. Inf. - - - /• 145- A. 

Ulula. ------- 9 /. 174.E. 

Materna. L. - - - - 16. - - - - - /. 174.A.B. 
Itynx. - - - - Mantijf. 10. 

. Mineus. ------ t. 131. D. 

Crepufcularis. L. Fab. Sp. Inf. 11. ----- /. 159. A. 

Irrorata. - Fab. Sp. App. p. 506. 
Lyncea. - - - - - - $06. 

Sinuata. - - - - - 507. 

Squalida. - Fab. Mant. N° 13. 
Vefpertilio. - - - - 16. 

Retorta. - - - - - - - /. 116. D. 

lllibata. - - Sp. Inf. 13. 

Obfcura. - - - - /. 274. B. 

Umminia. - Sp. App. p. 506. - - - - - /. 267. F. 

Inara -- - t. 239. E. 

Scrobiculata. - Sp. Inf. N° 14. 

Carenea. ------ /. 269. E. F. 

Diofcores. - - - - - 15. - - - -- /. 30. A. — C. 

Materna. - 16. - - - -- /. 174. A. B. 

Hypermneftra - - - - /. 323. A. B. 

Ophife. --------- - - - t. 227. B. 

Paphos. - Mantijf. 24. 

Chione. - - - - Sp'. Inf. 26. 

Saga. - - Mantijf. 29. 

Bajularia. 



F A U N U L A I N D I C A. IJJ 

Bajularia. - - - Sp. In/, 23. Cram. Inf. - - - t. 172. C. 

Aftrea. 21. 

Convoluta. - - - - - jo. - - - - - /. ao8. D. 

Membliaria. *■ - 6 9- C - D. 

Ficus. .------ 33. 

Lufca. - - - - Manti/f. 49. 

Manlia. _.---- 36. t.c,2. A. 

Caries 34- '■ W E. 242. 

A. B. 

Leonina. - - - - - - 3^« 

Fulvia. L. 43- Clerek. It. - - - t. 55. /. 6, 

Avida. - - Fab. Manti/f. 68. 
Triangulum. ----- 74. 

Arcuata. --- - - -. ?5« 

Vulpina. - - - ty. In/. 50. 
Tigrina. ------ 52. 

Mezentina. ------ Cram. hf. • - - '• 3 2 3- F « 

Cyllaria. /. 251.C. D. 

Geometrica. - - - - «• $3. 

Stolida. ------ 54. 

Undata. - - - - - - 60. 

Ammonia. --------- - - - t, 250. D. 

Vittata. - - - - - N° 61. 

Hyppafia. 5 - - /. 250. E. 

Frugalis. ----- 62. 
Flava. - - - - - 63. 

Stigmatizans. - - - - 64. 

Alphea. /. 250. F. 

Equeftris. - - - - - 65. 

Javana. ---------- - -»/. 274. C. 

Dorfalis. - - - Manti/f. ioj. 

Luminofa, --------- - --if. 274. D. 

Rejedta. - - - Sp. Inf. 66. 

Achatina. - >.273.E.288.A, 

Elata. ------ 67. 

Arehefia t. 273. F. G. 

4 Mercatoria. 



? 34 FAUNULA INDICA. 

Mercatoria. ----- 79. Cram. Inf. - - - /. 62. C. D. 

Timais. -- /. 275.B. 

Rapta. ... MantiJJ. 120. 

Orofia. -/. 275. D. 

Partita. - . - - Sp. Inf. 80. 

Melanthus _--- - „-/. 286. B. 

Pagana. ----- 90. 

Joviana. --------- - --/. 399. B. 

Orichalcea. ----- 52. 

Clytia. ---------- - --/. 399. G. 

Signata. - - 96. 

Dominica. --------- - --/. 399. H. 

Peponis. - - - - - - 97. 

Nitidula. - - - Mantijf. 153. 
Sinuata. - - Sp. Inf. 116. 

Amphix. --- ------ - --/. 134. C. 

Hiftrionica. - - - - 117. 

Perithea. --' -- - -- t. 172. D. 

Pellex. - Lin. S. Nat. N° xo^.Muf. Lud. Ulr. 388. 
Interrupta. ----- 116. Cram. Inf. - - - /. 185. 

Phal^ena. Strigaria. - Fab. Sp. Inf. N° 12. ----- /. 133. C. 

Undaria. ------ 20. 

Monilaria. ----- 23. 

Rondelaria. ----- 24. 

Macularia. ----- 27. - - - - - t. 129. C. 

Ocularia. ------ 38. 

Perdica. t. 178. F. 

Hefperia. t. 251. B. 

Flavaria. - Fab. Mant. N° 32. 

Margaritaria. -------- - --/. 367. K. 

Tripunclaria. L. - Sp. Inf. 47. t. 22. E. 

Caudata. 64. '"• i°4- D. 

Lateraria. - - Mantijf. 77. 

Laftucina. *« 2 73- B - c « 

Venaria. 



F A U N U L A I N D I C A. 135 

Venaria. - Sp. Inf. 52. Cram. Inf. - - - t. 29. A. 

Zemire. - - - ---___ -_./. 367. I. 

Obliquaria. - - Mantijf. 81. 

Rofalia. - -/. 368. F. 

Erneftina. ---------- -- - t. 369. F. 

Sangarida. _-- - _ _ _ - - - -- /. 381.D. 

Caudata. - - - Sp. Inf. 64. - - t. 104. D^ 

Fafciata. - - - - - - 65. 

Vulpenaria. -- -- _____-_/. 400. O. P. 

Arcuata. - - Mantijf. 104. 

Pamphilia. ------- -----f. 368. G. 

Liturata. ----- 109. 

Coleta. -------_-----/. 368. H. 

Irrorata. - Sp. Inf. 77. 

Carinenta. ----- 78. - - - - _ /. 128. F. 

Eufebia. --- -_ ____ ___/. 369. G.- H. 

Flavcolata. ----- 91. t. 88. C. 

Fimbriata. ----___-. _- . t. 398. O. 

Janata. L. - - - - - 121. Muf. Lud. Ulr. 398. 

Expeftata. - - - - - 123. 

Cribrata. - - - - 133. Cram. Inf. - - - /. 208. C. G. 

Marginata. ------- _ - _- - t. 400. I. 

iEiluata. L. - - - - 149. Muf. Lud. Ulr. 397. 

Capitata. - - 148. 

Sulphurata. - - - - 152. 

Flavata. ---__---. - -_/ t ^oy. C. 
Violata. - - - Mantijf. 238. 
Securata. ----- 242. 

Canenta. --------- . -./. 250. C 

Perfpe&ata. - - Sp. Inf. 163. 
Vitrata. - - - Mantijf. 255. 
Revidata. ----- 258. 

Derogata. - - - Sp. Inf. 166. 
Ejedtata. - - - - - 167. 

"Sagittalis. - Fab. Sp. Inf. 179. 

Amando. ------- Cram. Inf. - - r, 247. E. 

Fufcalis* 



136 FAUNULA INDICA. 

Fufcalis. - Fab. Sp. Inf. 182. 

Pueritia. - - - Cram. Inf. - - * /. 264. E, 

Anguflalis. - - Mantijf. 309. 

Procopia. --------- - --/. 368. E. 

Recurvalis. - - Sp. Inf. 192. 

Dentalis. - - - - - 198. 



Pvralis. Koenigiana. - - - - - 6|. 
Tinea. Cryptella. ----- 25. 



O R D O VII. R y n g o t a. 



Fulgora. Diadema. L. Fab. Sp. Inf. N° z.Seb. Muf - - 4. /. 77. /. 7. 8. 
Truncata. L. - - - - w.Jmcsn. Ac. - - 6.^.399.40. 
Hyalinata. - - - - - 11. 
Feftiva. - - - - - - 13. 

Membracis. Spinofa. - - - - - - S.Sulz.Inf - - - /. 9. /. 6. 

Taurus. - ----- 10. 

Tettigonia. Fornicata. - - Gmel. Lin. n.Muf. Lud.Ulr. 156. 

Fafciata. - - Fab. Mantijf. 1. Stall. Cicad. - i.t. 4. /. 17. 

Spinofa. - - - - - - 6. 

Vaginata. - - - --. " T 7* 

Confpurcata. - - Sp. Inf. 13. 

Repanda. L. ----- 16. De Geer, Inf. - 3-*-33'f'*' 

Teftacea. - - - Mantijf. 23. Stall, dead. -_ i.t. S. f. 41.C. 

Cicada. 



FAUNULA INDICA. 137 

Cicada. Perfpicillata. Fab. Sp. Inf. N° 1. 

Ocellata. - - - - - - 2. De Geer, Inf. - 3. t. 33. f. 2. 

Cunicularia. L. - - - - 11. 

Lanata. L. - - - - - 12.Drur.Inf. - - 2, A 37. /. 11. 

Tomentofa. - - - - 13. 

Barbata. -- --- - 14. 

Hyalina. - - - - - 31. 

Lyncea. - - - - - - 37. 

Notonecta. Nivea. - - - - - - 3. 

Indica. - - Mantiff. p. 534. 

Nepa. Annulata. - - - Spec. Inf. 2. 
Ruftica. - - - - 3. 

Fufca. - Mantiff. 4. S 'toll. Cimk. - - i.t.i.f.i. 

Rubra. L. ------ 6. - - - - - 2. /. 7. V. 

Maculata. - - Sp, Inf. N° 6. 

Linearis. L. - - - y.Scbaf. Icon. ~ - t. 5. /. 5. 6. 

Cimex. Nobilis. L i.Stoll. Cimlc. - - 1 t. 1. /. 1. 

Clavipes. - - Fab. Mantiff. 5. 
Maculatus. - - - - - 11. 

Rufticus. ------ 26. 

Lunatcs. - •• - - Sp. Inf. 9. - - - - - i.t. 13. /. 84. 

Vahlii. -----_ 32. 

Hiftrio. - - - Gmel. Lin. 12. 

Grandis. ------ 17 1. Thanh. N. Sp. hf. 2. N° 31. /. 46. 

Taurus. - - - - Sp. Inf. 34. 

Dentatus. ----- 43, 

Spinidens. - - - Mantiff. 61. 
Hamatus. ----- 80. 

Scaber. - - - G;;/<?A L/;z. 30. Aman. Ac. - - 6. p. 400. 43. 
Pugnator. - Fab. Mantiff. 84. 

T Thoracicus. 



133 



FAUNULA INDICA. 



Thoracicus. 


Gruel. Lin. 262. Stall. Clmic. 


- /. 3. /. 55. A. 


Haftatus. 


Fab. Mantiff. 83. 




Analis. - - 




- M0./.72.B, 


Tenebrofus. - 


Fab. Mantijf. 93. 




Sulcatus. 


Gtnel. Lin. 271. - - 


- t. 6. f. 47. 


Fulvicornis. 


Fab. Mantiff. 94. 




Puftulatus. - 


- Gmel. Lin. 281. ZX? Geer, Inf. 


- 3- '• 34- /• 2. 


Feraoratus. 


Fab. Sp. Inf. 77. 




Aurantius. 


- Mantijf. 116. Stall. Cm* - 


- «./.&/. 39- 


Punftum. - 


- - - - 117. - - - - 


2.t. 6. f. 40. 


Nigripes. 


Sp. InJ. 92. Drur. Inf. 


- 2./. 36./. 5- 




- ' ~ - 93- 




Guttatus. - - 


- Mantijf. 121. 




Viridulus. L. 


- - Sp. Inf. 9S- Muf. Lud. Ulr. 


172. 


Peregrinator. 


Gmel. Lin. 40. - 


173- 


Beryllus. - - 


- Mantiff. 127. 




Javanicus. - 


- Gmel. Lin. 332. Stcll. Cm. - - 


- /. 11./. 2-.. 


6-pundlatus. L. 


Fab. Sp. Inf. 105. Mif. Lud. Ulr. 


*7£ 


Brunneus. - 


Gmel. Lin. 334. 




Rubrofafciatus. 


Fab. Mantijf. 140. 




Ruficornis. 


- Sp.Inf 114. 




Gramineus. 


- Mantiff. 161. 




Hiftrio. - - 







Pidtus. - Sp.Inf 117. 

Faber. - Mantiff. 181. 

Cruciatus. - - Sp. Inf. 122. 
Indus. L. ----- 140. Muf. Lud. Ulr. 

Civilis. - - - Mantiff. 186. 
Familiaris. - 190. 

Varicornis. ----- 194. 

Malabaricus. Fab. Sp. Inf. N° 147. 

Koenigii. ------ 156. Stoll. Cimic. - 

Mendicus. ----- 158. 

Cruentus. - - Mantijf. 214. 
Augur. - Sp.Inf. 167. 



176. 



l.t. 1./. 5. 



Maftans. 



FAUNULA I N D I C A, 


1 


Maftans. - - - Sp.Inf. 168. 
Erythrozonias. - ' Gmel. Lin. 456. De Geer, InJ. 
Sordidus. - Fab. Mantijf. 231. 
Calens. L. Sp.Inf. ii^.Gronov. Zoopb. 


712. 


Gronovii. L. - -- -214. - - - - 


711. 


Cingulatus. - - Mantijf. 287. 
Pedeftris. - - - Sp. Inf. 224. 
Foflarum. ----- 226. 




Filum. - - - - - - 232. Dc Geer, Inf. 


- 3't-35-f-i6- 



«39 



Heduvius. 



Gigas. - - - 

Marginarus. - 

Sandus. 

Pilicornis, - 

Collaris. 

Sexguttatus. - 

4-guttatus. - 

Aurantius. - --_._. 

Punftum. ------15 

Bipundtatus. Fab. Mantijf. N° 30, 
Fufcipes. --- - ~ - 33 

5-fpinofus, - - - Sp. InJ. 27 



Mantijf. 12 

" - *9 

Sp.InJ. 15 

- - 17 

- - 18 



O R D O VIII. A N T L I A T A. 



BlBIO. 



Lar. - 

Sphinx. 
Troglodyta. 



10. 

Mantijf. 20. 
Sp. InJ. 20. 



Syrphus. Crafius. - 
4-lineatus. 



Mantijf. 7. 
- - 24. 



T 2 



Musca. 



140 F A U N U L A I N D I C A. 

Muse a. Jejuna. -------2. 

Asilus. Maculatus. - - - Sp. Inf. 21. 

Myopa. Cin&a. • - - - - - - 4. 

Bombylius. Maculatus. - - 7. 



Pediculu.s. Humanus. L. x.Schosf. Elena. - - /. 95. 

Pubis. L. - - - - - - i.Red.Exper. * - t. 19. /. 1. 

Vulturis. - - - - - 4. 



Acarus. Elephantinus. L. Fab. Sp. Inf. N° i.Scbrank. Bej/tr. - /. 6../. 14. 15. 
Indus. L. - - - - - 12* 



CLASS 



FAUNULA INDICA. 



141 



CLASS VI. Vermes. 



I. InTESTINA. 

N. B. From our ignorance of the productions of India m this Clafs, we are 
obliged to omit many Genera. 



Gordius. TV,! Edinenfis. 
Sieunculus. Saccatus. - 



Shane Jam. ii. 190. tab. 233. fig. 1. 
- Amcen. Acad. iv. 454. tab. 3. 



II. Mollusc a. 

Doris. Verrucofa. - -- - - -- - Seb. Muf.il. tab. 61. fig. 5. 



Nereis. Noftiluca. 
Gigantea. 



Amcen. Acad, iii, 203. tab. 3. 
■ Seb. Muf. i. tab. 81. fig. 7. 



Actinia. Swalloo. - An edible Species collected in the Molucca IJles. 

Holuthuria. Priapus. - __---..--- Amcen. Acad. iv. 255. 

Sepia. Octopodia* Br. Z00J. iv. N° 44. tab. 28. Of a monftrous fize in India. 

Medusa. Porpita. - - - - - Amcen. Acad. iv. 255. tab. 3. fig. 7. 8. 

* E N t 1 R JE. 



142 FAUNULA I N D I C A. 

* Entire. 
Asterias. Luna. ----- - - Amcen. Acad. iv. 256. tab. 3. fig. 14. 



-* * 



Stellated. 



Reticulata. - Linck. tab. 4.1. fig. 72. tab. 23. fig. 36. 

Nodofa. -- ---- -- Seb. Muf. iii. tab. 5. fig. 7. 8. 

laevigata. _--- - . - - Gnw. Muf. tab. 8. fig. 1. 2, 



*** Radiated. 

Ciliaris. - - - - - - Linck. tab. 40. fig. 70. tab. 37. & 56. 

Pedtinata. - -------- Linck. tab. 37. fig. 64. 66. 

Multiradiata. -- ------- Linck. tab. 21. fig. 33. 

Caput Medufe. Seb. MuJ. iii. tab. 9. & tab. 11. Rumph. Muf. 41. 

ta£. 16. 

Echinus. Efculentus. ------- Rumph. MuJ. 31. tab. 13.^. 

Globulus. - - - - - - M.L.U. 706. 

Sphaeroides. 

Gratilla. _--- -- - _ _ - - - M.L.U. 707. 

Eixula. -------------- Ibid. 

Diadema. -------- Rumph. MuJ. tab. 14. B. 

Lucunter. -- - ----- Gualt. Tejl. tab. 107. fig. C. 

Atratus. ------- Rumph. Muf. iii. tab. 13. fig. 2. 

Lacunatus. -- ------ - - Ibid. tab. 14. fig. 2. 

Rofaceus, _-- -- __- Rumph. MuJ. tab. 14. fig. 2. 

Orbiculus. <F. - -- -- - - -- Gualt, tab. 7. jfg. B. 



III. Testacea. 



FAUNULA INDICA. 



i43 



III. T E S T A c e a: 
DIV. I. MULTIVALVIA. 

Chiton. Aculeatus. -.-_---_ Rumph. MuJ. tab. 10. fig. 4. 
Squammofus. - - - - - - - - - - M. L. U. 465 *. 

Punftatus. --->._- - . Seb.Muf. in. tab. 1. fig. 13. 

Lepas, Diadema. - ------ _ R tm ph. MuJ. tab. 14. fig. H. 

Anatifera. ------- Argenville, tab. 26. fig. F. G. 

Teftudinaria. - - - - - _ - Rumph. MuJ. tab. 40. fig. K. 

Pholas.. Dactylus, Born. 14. I mud not omit my acknowlegements to the 
magnificent work on Shells by the Chevalier Ignatius a Bom, for 
very considerable additions to this Catalogue. Rumphius, juftly 
ftyled the Pliny, mud have the preference in every authority^ as 
the great collector of moft of the articles referred to. 



DIV. II. BlVALVIA. 

Mya. Vulfella. - - Rumph. MuJ. tab. 90. fig . H. 

SOLEN. 



144 

SOLEN. 



Tellina. 



FAUNULA I N D I C A. 

Vagina. -------- Rumpb. MuJ. tab. 45. fig; M. 

Cuttellus. .-- - iMjfig-l- 

Radiatus. «-.-■■--- M^E. 

Anatinus. - " , /W -^'2" 

Bullatus. - Ibid. tab. 44. fig. N. 

Virens. 



* O v A T J£. 

Gargadia. ------- Rumpb. MuJ. tab 43. ^- N. 

Lingua Felis. ----------- /«*. 45- .£?• g. 

Vircrata. - - - - tah - 45- fig- H - 

Ancrulata. ------- Lift. Conch, tab. ^4. fig. iai. 

Gan. " " tab.A S .fig.D. 

Foliacea. - " - tab a*,, fig Yl 

Lsvigata. --------- - - tab. a S . fig.l. 

Roftrata. --------- Argenville, tab. 12. fig. O. 

Truncata. 



** SuBORBICULAT^. 

Remies. --- Rumpb. MuJ. tab. 43. fig. I. 

Reticulata. - - - - - - - - -,'H'*? 

Scobinata. - Gualt. tab. 76. fig. h. 



Cardium. 



Cardiffa. - - " Rumpb. MuJ. tab. 42. fig. E. 

Retufum. - - - Born. ai. tab. 111. fig. 1. 2. 

Hemicardium. ---------- tab. 44. fig. H. 

Medium. - - M. L. U. 485. N°3 4 . 

Tuberculatum. ------ Rumph. MuJ. tab. a8. fig. 11. 

Fragum. ■ - - - -- - - *&• 44- fig- G. 

Unedo. ----- /«£. 44 . /jr. F. 

Ifocardia. - - - - '«*• 48. fig. 9. 

iEolicum, 



FAUNULA ■ I N D I C A. 145 

iEolicum. ----_-.__- Bonan. xu fig. 91. 
Rufticum. ------- Rumpb. MuJ. tab, 44. fig. K. 

Mactra. Plicataria. 

Sprengleri. --------- Gualt. tab. 85. fig, F. 

Trunculus. --- --- - - Bonan. lv. tab. 4. fig. 3. 4. 

Scortum. ---- _-- __ Argenville, tab. 21. fig. L.. 

Donax. Pubefcens. - - - - - - - - M. L. U. 493. N° 49 *. 

Trunculus. - - - -" - Born. lv. tab. iv. fig. 3. 4. 

Scortum. _- IHi. tab. iv. fig. 1. 



Venus. Gallirm. --.--_-__-_ Bonan. ii. /«£. 64. 65. 
Flexuofa. -- ------ Rumpb. MuJ. tab. 43. /g. O. 

Chione. ---_------__ tab. 42. /zg. 9. 

Meret-rix. -- - - ----- Argenv. tab. 21. fig. F. 

Lseta. ------.._. _ Ga«//. ta£. 28. fig. V. 

Caftrenfis, ---- --- _ Rumpb. MuJ. tab. 42. fig. K. 

Fimbriata. - - ---------- tab. 43. ./rg-. F. 

Squammofa. - ----- _--_ _ tab. 44. fa. M. 



*** Impuberes Orbiculat^e. 

Tigerina. ---'---- -- _-. tab. 43. fig. H 

Proftrata. - - - - - - - - - M.L.U. 504. N° 66 * 

Incruftata. - - - - - - Lift. Conch tab. 310. fig. 146 

Tigerina Secunda. ----- Rumpb. MuJ. tab. 43. fig. H 

Pe&inata. - -- --------- /«£. 42. fig. D 

Scripta. •• - - - -------- /#£. 43. fig. Q 

Edentula. - - - - - - . - - -M.L.U. 508. N> 74 * 

Punctata. - - - Rumpb. MuJ. tab. 43. fig, G 

U **** Impuberes 



146 F A U N U L A I N D I C A. 

*•** IMPUBEREB OVALES, SUPRA RliMAM SuBANGULAT.Ev 

Litterata. - --- --- - Rumph. Muf. tab. 43. fig. B. 

Rotundata. - - - M. L. U. 509. N" 76 *. 

Decuffata. M.L.U. 509. N" 77. 

Virginea. 

Spondylus. Regius. - - - . Ritmph. Muf. 156. N° 8. 

Plicatus. - --- - --- - tab. 47. QJlrea Eleclrica. 

Gaederopus. -------- tab. 47. fig. E. 48. fig. 1.2. 

Chama. Gigas. ' tah - 43- fig- A - B - 

Hippopus. --- tab. 42. fig. C. 

Lazarus. - Born. 83. tab. 5. fig. 12. 13. 14. 

Arcinella. _------ Born. Davila, tab. 27. 7%. T. 

Gryphoides. - - - Bonan. ii. fig. 22. 

* Maroine Integerrimo, Naribus Recurvatis. 
Arca. Nose. ------------- tab. 44- fig- P. 



* * Margine Crenato. 

Antiquata. --- - - - tab. 44. fig. I. 

Decuffata. #«»«»• »• fig- 6o - 

Pallens. -M.L.U. 520. N° 95. 

Tortuofa. Rumph. Muf. tab. 47. j%. K. 

Rhombea. - - Lift. Conch, tab. 244. fig. 7 5. 

Peclunculus. - - ; - tab. 239. ./&. 73- 



* Pectines. 



FAUNULA INDICA. 147 



* Pectines Auriculati, TEqjjilateres. 

Ostrea. Striatula. M. L. U. 523. N° ior. 

Minuta. ---- 524. N° 102. 

Pleurone&es. --_--- Rumpb. Muf. tab. 45. fig. A. B. 

Radula. - ----- - tab. 44- fig- A. 

Plica. - tab. 44. fig. O. 



** Pectines Auricula altera intus Ciliato-Spinosa. 

Pallium. --- -------- tab. 44. fig. B. C. 

Nodofa. tab. 48. fig. B. 

Lima. --- - - -- tab. 44. fig. D. 

Cucullata. - - . - - _ - Bom. 114. tab. vi. fig. 1 1. 12. 



* * * Rudes, Ostrea dict/e. 

Malleus. - --- .--- Rumpb. Muf. tab. 47. fig. H. 

Edulis. ? ---- ------ Bonan. 108. tab. 70. 

Pern a. 

Ifogonum. --------- Gualt. lab. 97. ./g. A. 

Ephippium. ------- Rumpb. Muf. tab. 47. j$g. B. 

Anomia. Placenta. - Lifter Conch, tab. 104. /g. B. Seb.Muf.m. tab. 90. 

/£. 8. 9. 



* * Parasitic I, Unguibus affix i. 

Mytilus. Crifta Galli. - - - - - - ----- tab. 47. >£. D. 

Frons. - - ---- - -- Argenville, tab. 19. fig. D. 

U 2 ** Plan 



148 F A U N U L A I N D I C A. 

* * Plant Com press i. 
Margariteferus. ------ Rumpb. Muf. tab. 40. fig.F* 



* * 



Ventricosiusculi. 



Lithophagus. - ------- -- tab. 46. fig. F. 

Bilocularis. - - - - - - - - - M.L.U. 540. N° 133. 

Edulis. --------- Lift. Ang. 182.^.28. 

Pidtus. ------ ___ Born. 127. tab. vn. fig. 6. 7. 

Modiolus. -------- Rumpb. MuJ. tab. 46. fig. B. 



Pinna. Rudis. ------ _._ __-- tab. 46. fig. L. 

Pe&inata. ---------- Glial t. tab. 79. fig. A. 

Saccata. -------- Rumpb. MuJ. tab. 46. fig. N. 

Digitiformis. --------- M. L. U. 546. N° 146. 

Lobata. .--- 547. N° 147. 

jncurvata. ------ Born. Rumpb. Muf. tab. 46. fig. M. 

Muricata. ----- --- Rumpb. MuJ. tab. 46. fig. M. 



D I V. III. TURBINATA. 



Argonauta. Argo. --- -- - . - Rumpb, MuJ. tab. 18. fig. A. B. 

Nautilus. 



FAUNULA I N D I C A. H9 

Nautilus. Pompilius. - Rumph.Muf. tab. ijrfig. A. C. D. 

Spirula. ----- tab, no. fig. 1 . 

Conus. Marmoreus. - - tab. 32. fig. N. I. 

Imperials. ------ - - - - - tab. 3\. fig H. I. 

Literatus. ------- _--_. tab. 31. fig. D. 

Generalis. ------- ----- - te*. 33- A- V - 

Virgo. - ----------- tab.31.fig.LK. 

Capitaneus. - - - - - - tab. 33. fig. K. 

Miles. ... - - - tab. 33. fig. W. 



** S P I .1 a Pyramidata. 

Summus Admiralis. - - - - - - - tab. 34. fig. B. C. D. 

Ebsus. ----- - - - - - - tab. 32. fig. B. B. 

Glaucus. - - - - - - - - - - - tab. 33. fig. G. G. 

Monachus. ---------- tab. 33. fig. C. C. 

Minimus. ----- -- -- Jrgenville, tab. 12. fig. A. 

Betulinus. - ------ - Rumpb. Muf. tab. 31. fig. C. 

Stercus Mufcarum. -------- te£. 33. fig. 3. A. A. 

Nuflatclla. - - - - - tab. 33- fig- E - E - 

Textile. - - - - - . .- - - - - - tab. 32. fig. O. P. 

Aulieus. -- -- tab. 33- fig- 3- 

Striatum - -- - --- ----- tab. 31. fig. F. 

.Magus. ------------- tab. 32. fig. 2. 

Tragulinus. -------- ---- tab. 31. fig. V. 

Ermineus. - - - - Seb. MuJ. iii. tab. 42. fig. 31. 34. 35. 40. 

Varius. -- -- - - - - - Argenville, tab. 12. fig. R. 

Speclrum. -------- Rumpb. Muf. tab. 31. fig. 1. 

Tulipa. ----------- /«£. 34. jfc. K. L. 

Geographus. ---- - tab. 31. fig. G. 

Cypr^a. Mappa. -- tab. 38. fig. B. 

Arabica. 



ISO F A U N U L A I N D I C A. 

Arabica. ---- -- - - Rumpb. MuJ. tab. 38. fig. M. 

Carneola. -- - ----- _ -- tab. 38. fig. K, 

Teftudinaria. -- - -_--_.__ tab. 38. fig. C. 

Talpa. ------ .-_ _- _ - tab. 38. fig. I. 

Caput Serpentis. - _--- .- _- - tab. 38. fig. F. 
Mauriciana. -- ------- _-_ tab. 3S. fig. E. 

Vicellus. -- - --- ------ tab. 38. fig. L. 

Tigris. ----- -- tab. 38. fig. A. 

Lynx. --- --- --. Lifter Conch, tab. 683. fig. 30. 

Ifabella. -------- Rumph. MuJ. tab. 39. fig. G. 

Onyx. -- _-_ tab. 38. fig. B. 

Hirundo. Lifter Conch, tab. 674. fig. 20. Bern. \^\.tab. v'ni.fig. 11. 
Afellus. --------- Rumph. MuJ. tab. 39. fig. M. 

Cribraria. - ---_--_ Lifter Conch, tab. 695. fig. 42. 

Moneta. -------- Rumph. MuJ. tab. 39. fig. C. 

Annulus. -- -- --- __-_ _ tab. 39. fig. D. 

Caurica. .--- __-_ __ - _ tab. 3$ -fig. P. 
Dracsna. ------------ tab. 39. fig. E. 

Erofa. -------- tab. 39. jtfV. A. 

Helvola. -- -- ------ _- tab. 16. fig. 17. 

Ocellaca. ------ _ - Lifter Conch, tab. 696. fig. 43. 

Pediculus. ------- Rumph. MuJ. tab. 39. fig. P. 

Nucleus. -_----_-—.--*--- tab. 39. ^. 1. 

Staphylsea. ----- -_- Born. 194. tab. Vm. fig. 18. 

Cicercula. - --- ---- Rumph. MuJ. tab. 39. fig. K. 

Globulus. ----------- tab. 39. fig. N. 

Bulla. Ovum. ---- -- ..-._ .. tab. 38. fig. CK 

Biroftris. ------- - Lifter Conch, tab. 711. fig. 66. 

Verrucofa. - ------- Rumph. MuJ. tab. 38. fig. H. 

Naucum. - - --- -- ----- tab. 27. fig. H. 

Ampulla --- - tab. 27. fig. G. 

Phyfis. -------- Lifter Conch, tab. 7 1 5. fig. J$\ 

Ampluftre. --- Born. tab. ix. fig. 1. 

Ficus. --- -- ---- Rumph. MuJ. tab. 27. fig. K. 

1 Rapa. 



FAUNULA INDI-CA. 



»5« 



Volu: 



Rapa _.. Rumpb. Muf. tab. 27. fig. E. 

Terebellum. ----- ta ^ ^5. fig. S. 

Virginea. - - - - Lifter Conch, tab. 12. fig. J. tab. 15. fig. 10. 
Achatina. - _ Born. tab. x. fig. 1. 2. 

Auris Midaj. ------ Rumpb. Muf. tab. 33. 7%. H. H. 

Oliva _. tab. 39. fig. 3. 

Et Plurimse Variet. ---_-__ Vide i?or>7. 214. 215. 
Gibbofa. ? - - - - - ^ . Lifter Conch, tab. 723. fig. 10. 
Hifpidula. ------ Bom. y. Lift. Conch, tab. 722. fig. g. 

Bullata. --.- tab. 83. fig. 11. 

Da&ylus. ------------ tab. K12. fi%. 23. 

Scabricula. --------- Cualt. tab. 53. fig. D. 

Sanguiiuga. ----- _ - Rumph. Muf. tab. 29. fig. V. 

Caffra. -__- _-_ _-._ Gualt. tab. $3. fig. E. 
Vulpecula. ------- Rumpb. Muf. tab. 29. fig. R. 

Plicaria. -- - -.__ __. Gualt. tab. 54. fig. F. 

Epifcopalis. - - - - - - - Rumpb. Muf. tab. 29. fig. K. 

Mitra Papalis. - - _ tab. 29. fig. I. 

Capitellum Gualt. tab. 37. fig. A. 

Muricata. -. Martin Konch. iii. tab. 99. 

Ceramica. - - . Rumph. Muf. tab. 24. fig. A. tab. 49/ fig. L. 

Pyrum. --- tab. 36. fig. 7. 

iEduopica. - tab. 31. fig. B. A. 

Olla. -,---_-. ___ Gualter. tab. 29. fig. A. 

*Ampullace^e. 

Buccinum. Galea. -----_--___ Rondel. Teft. p. 106. 

Perdix. - Rumpb. Muf tab. 27. fig. C. 

Pomum. --_-__ _ _. _"_ _ tab. 27. fig. B. 

Sulcofum. ------ Seb. Muf. iii. tab. 68 fig. 14. 15. 

Doliutn. ------_. #«wj>£. Muf. tab. 27. fig. A. 

** Cassidea, 



152 



FAUNULA INDICA. 



* * 



C A S S I D E A. 



Echinophorum. Rumpb. MuJ. tab. 27. fig. u 

Cornutum. tab. 13. fig. 1. 

Rufum. - - - ---- - - --- tab. 13. Jig. B. 

Tuberofum. - - - - - - Seb.MuJ.rn.tab.73.fig.10.il. 

Flammeum. - - Rumph. Muf. tab. 0.3. fig. 2. 

Pullus. - - - - " " tab - 2 3- fig- C - 

Areola. - - - - - tab. 25. fig. B. & 1. 

Granulatum. ----- tab. 25. fig. C. 



*** Cassidea Labro Muricato. 

Erinaceus. tab. 25. fig. D. 6. 7. 

Glaucum. ------ - - - - - tab. 25. fig A. 

Vibex. ---- tab. 25. fig. E. 

Papillofum. - - - - ._----- tab. 29. fig. M. 
Glans. -------- tab. 29. fig. P. 



**** Callosa ad Colum. Reflexam. 
Arcularia. ----------- tab. 27. /£. M. 

***** Colum. qj;asi Abrosa, Plana. 

Harpa. - tab. ,32. fig. K. L. 

Perficum. - - - - ■- *«*■ -7- /£• E - 

Smaraa-dulus. ,- Argenvilk, tab. 6. fig. P. 



****** Glabra. 



FAUNULA I N D I C A. 153 

****** Glabra. 

Spiratum. - - - - - - - Rumph. MuJ. tab. 49. fig. C. D. 

Glabratum. ------ --_ Argenville. tab. 9. fig. G. 

******* Angulata. 

Undofum. ------- Rumph. MuJ. tab. 29. fig. O. 

Bezoar. --------- Argenville } tab. 15. fig. G. 

******** Turrit a, L^evia, Subulata. 

Maculatum. - Rumph. MuJ. tab. 30. fig. A. 

Subulatum. - ----- _ t ab. ^ 0> ^ 3 

Crenulatum -- ...-__ tab. ^o. fig. E. 

Strigilatum. tab. 30. fig. H. 

Duplicatum. -. -- Bonan. iii. fig. 1 10. 

Lanceatum. - - - - - - - Rumph. MuJ. tab. 30. fig. O. 

Dimidiatum. - - - - - ------ tab. 30. fig. C. 

* DlGITATI. 

Strombus. Chiragra tab. 35. fig. A. B. 

Scorpius. - - - - - - - - - - _ tab. 36. fig. K. 

Lambis. - - - - tab. 35. fig. E. F. H. 

• Millepeda. tab. 36. fig. I. 

**Labro Lobato. 

Lcntiginofus. - - -.'--- tab. 37. fig. Q^ 

Gallus. ---------.„- tab. 37, fig. 5. 

X Auris 



154 F A U N U L A I N D I C A. 

Auris Dians. - - - - Rumph. MuJ. tab. 37. fig. R. 

Luhuanus. ----------- tab. 37. fig. S. 

Gibberulus. ----------- tab. 37. Jig. V. 



*** Labro Ampliato. 

Epidromis. - - -- -- ----- tab. 36. Jig. M. 

Canarium. ----------- tab. 36. fig. N. 

Vittatus. - - - -- ------- tab. 37. Jig. X. 

Urceus. ------ -- - - -- tab. 37. Jig. T. 



* SpINOSI. 

MuREX. Hauftellum. -------- -- - tab. 16. Jig. E. 

Tribulus. -- ------- --- tab. 26, Jig. G. 

Cornutus. -- - - - ---- --- tab. 26. fig. 5. 

Brandaris. --- --- - - - - - tab. 26. fig. 4. 



** Frondosi. 

Tripterus. ----- Martin Konch. iii. tab. in. fig. 1033. 

Triqueter fig- 1038. 

Ramofus. -- Rumph. MuJ. tab. 26. fig. D. 

Saxatilis - tab. 26. fig. C. a. 



*** Varicosi. 

Rana. - - tab, 0.6. fig. G. et. 

Varietas. - - Lifter Conch, tab. 949. fig. 44. 

Lampas. Rumph. MuJ. tab. 28. fig. C. 

Olearium. Bonan. in. fig. 289. 

Femorale. - - - -- --- Rmipb. MuJ. tab. 26. fig. B. 

Pyrum. 



FAUNULA INDICA. 



*SS 



Pyrum. -._ ------ Rumph. MuJ. tab. 26. fig. E. 

Rubecula. ___- ___. - - Gualt. tab. 49. fig. 1. 
Anus. ---- -- -- - Rumph. MuJ. tab. 24. fig. F. 



**** ECHINATI SINE ROSTRO. 



Hippocaftanum. 

Mancinella. - 

Ricinus. - - 
Senticofus. 

Melongena. - 

Rapiformis. - 

Lacerus. - - 



- - - - tab. 24. fig. 4. 

- - - - tab. 24. fig. 5. 
. . _ - tab. 24. fig. E. 

- - - tab. 29. fig. N. 

- - - - tab. 24. ,/?£. E. 
Lifter Conch, tab. 894. /g. 14. 
- - /<&;». ta£. 958../%. II. 



***** Inermes Rostro Elongato. 



Babylonius 
Javanus. - 
Colus. - 
Morio. - 
Cochlidium. 
Spirillus. - 
Aruanus. 
Tritonis. - 



- Rumph. MuJ. tah. 29. fig. L 

- Bonan. iii. fig. 79 
■ - Rumph. MuJ. tab. 29. fig. F 

- - Bonan. iii.' fig. 357 

- - Argenville, tab. 9. fig. A 
Martin Konch. tab. 115. ,/?£. 1069 

- Rumph. MuJ. tab. 28. /g. A 
- - - - - tab. 28. /g. B 



****** TURRITI SUBULATI ROSTRO BrEVI. 

Vertagus. -- --_--__-_- tab. 30. fig. K. 

Sulcatus. ------- - - - , Bonan. iii. fig. 68. 

Aluco. -------- Rumph. MuJ. tab. 30. fig. O. 

Coronatus. - --- - ._- - _- tab. 30. jfg - . N. 

Radula. _---.-_--_ Bonan. iii. /g. 327. 



X 2 



* Umbilicati. 



l5 6 FAUNULA INDICA. 

» U M B I L I C A T I. 

Trochus. Niloticus. Rumph. MuJ. tab. 21. fig. A. 

Maculatus. - - - tab. 21. fig. c. Bonan. 111. fig. 27. 28. 

Perfpeftivus /a£. 27. fig. L. 

Solaris. ---*-- - - - - ... - tab. 20. fig. K. 



** Imperforate 

Veftiarius. ----- Lifter Concb. tab. 650.-51. fig. 46. 48. 
Labio - .£«»#. ^f«A '*£• * l > fig- E « 



*** Turrit 1. 
Telefcopium. --- tab. 21. fig. 12. 

* Solid 1, imperforate 

Turbo. Cochlus. tab. *9- fig- 4. 

Petholatus. --- tab. 19. fig. D. 5. 6. 7. 

Chryfoftomus. tab. l 9- fig- E - 

Pagodus. --- ---- .--- - tab. 21. fig. D. 

Calcar. -- '«*• 2 °- >£• l - 

Rugofus. Bonan. iu. fig. 12. 

Marmoratus. Rumph. MuJ. tab. 19. fig. A. B. 



* * 



Perforati, Solid 1. 



Pica. - - tab. 21. fig. A. 

Argyroftomus. tab. 19. fig. 3. 

Margaritaceus ? ----- Bonan. m. fig. 11. 

Delphinus. 



FAUNULA INDICA. 157 

Delphinus - Bonan. m. fig. 31. 

Diftortus Rumpb. MuJ. tab. 20. fig. H. 

Scalaris. Wentel-trap. - - - - - - - - tab. 49. fig. A, 



•Testa A n c i p i t i. 
Helix. Scarabeus. - - - ----- - - - - tab. 27. fig. I. 

** Anfractibus Carinatis. 

Ringens. - Bonan. iii. fig. 330. 331. 

Carocolla. - - Argenville, tab. 8. fig. D. 

* * * Umbilicat^e Anfractibus Rotundis. 

Cornea. - ------ Br. Zool. iv. tab. 83. fig. 126. 

Ampullacea. - - - - - '- - Rumpb. MuJ. tab. 27. fig. Q^ 

Cretacea. ------- - - - Born. tab. xvi. fig. 1. 2. 

Ungulina. -- ------ Rumph. MuJ. tab. 27. fig. R. 

Janthina. --- - ----- -- - tab. 20. fig. 2. 



** 



** OvATiE Imperforate. 



Amarula. - -- -- - ----- tab. 33. fig- F. F. 

Haliotoidea. -- -- -- - - --- tab. 90. fig. R. 



* UmBILICAT/E. 

Nerxta. Canrena. - Bonan. iii. fig. 228. 224. et Argenville, tab. 7. fig. C. 
Glaucina. ------- Brit. Zool. iv. te£. 87. fig. 141. 

Rufa. • - ---- --- Rumpb. MuJ. tab, 22. fig. D. 

Vitellus. 



i S 8 FAUNULA INDICA. 

Vitellus Rutnph. Muf. tab. 22. fig. A. 

Albumen tab. 22. fig. B. 

Mamilla. -- tab. 22. fig. F. 

** Imperforate, Edentute. 
Cornea. -- - - Argenville, tab. 7. fig. M. 

*** Imperforate, Dentate. 

Pulligera. -- Lifter Concb. tab. 143. fig. 37. 

Pennata. ------- -^-_- tab. 604. fig. 29. 

Polka, a. ------ tab. 600. fig. 7. 

• (3. _ ._-__- - _ -- Bonan. iii. fig. 221. 
y. __- - „-_- Rumph. Muf. tab. 22. /g. I. 

Peloronta - - - tab. 22. fig. K. 

Albicilla. tab, 22. /g. 8. 

Grofla. tab. 22. /g. N. 

Chamsleon. ----------- tab. 22. fig. L. 

Undata. - -- --- - - - - -- tab. 22. fig. 4. 

Exuvia. ----- -- - -.-. tab. 22. fig. 9. 

HaliOTis. Midas. .-.:.- - --- Argcnville, tab. 3. /g. A. 

Striata. - - - - ' - - - Martin Konch.i. tab. 14. fig. 138. 

Marmorata. ------ - - Argenville, tab. 3. fig. B. 

Afinina. - ------ Rumph. Muf. tab. 40. fig. E. F. 



* Labiate. 



Patei-la. Equeftris. - 



- tab. 40. fig. P. O. 
* * Anculate. 



FAUNULA INDICA. 159 

** Angulat^e. 
Saccharina. -------- Rumpb. Muf. tab. 40. fig. B. 

*** Mucronat^e. 
Lutea. --------- Born. 424. tab. 17. fig. 8. 

**** Integerrim^e Vertice Obtuso. 

Teftudinaria. ---_ - -- - Argenvllle, tab. 1. fig. P. 

Radiata. --___--___ Born. tab. 18. fig. 10. 
Comprefia. ------- Lifter Conch, tab. 541. fig. 25. 

Fufca. - ------ _-___- Bonan. i. fig. 4. 

Dentalium. Elephantinum. ------ Rumpb. M11J. tab. 41. fig. I. 

Dentalis. --- _- -- _____ tab. 41. fig. C. 

Entalis. --..---»-._-- Bonan. i. fig. 9. 
Politum. -- -------- Gualt. tab. 10. fig. F. 

Aprinum. ------- _ -_ Linn^ei. 

Eburneum. _- - - -- _-_ Linn^i. 

Serpula. Lumbricalis. ------- Rumpb. MuJ. tab. 41. fig. 1. 

Polythalamia. --_____ _ -- tab. 41. fig. D. E. 

Arenaria. ------ __ ._-_ tab. 41. /_§-. L. 

Anguina. ---- _-- __- - - tab. 41. fig. 1. 

Muricata. ------- ----- tab. 41. fi{. H. 

Penis. ---- _- _-- __.- tab. 41. fig. 7. 

Teredo. Navalis. ---».-. - » « _ Plane. Conch. 17. N° a. 
§ Sabella. 



160 FAUNULA INDICA. 

Sabeli-a. Scrupofa. ------- .- _ . : - - Linn/ek 

IV. LlTHOPHVTA. 

Tubipora. Mufica. -- -- -- --- - Ellis Zooph. pag. 144, 

Madrepora. Fungites. -_-------"---- pag. *4Q. 

Pileus. ---- .-- - Rumph. Amb. vi. /. 88. /. 2. 3. 

Labyrinthiformis. ----- Ellis Zooph. pag. 160. N° 34. 

Favofa. - - - -- pag. 167. N° 61. 

Polygama. - - - - - - - Amcen. Acad, iv. tab. 3. fig. 15. 

Fafcicularis. - - - - - - - Ellis Zooph. pag. 151. N° 5. 

Pontes. --------- -- - pag. 17 2. N°77. 

Damicornis. - _ _ - Rumpb. Amb. vi. tab. 86. ,/g. 3. 

Muricata. ------- - Ellis Zooph. pag. 171. N° 76. 

Oculata. -------- 6"i?^. Af«/*. iii. ta£. 116. /£. 1.2. 

Infundibuliformis. - --- -- -- Gualt. Tefi. tab. 42. 

Faftigiata. --- Ellis Zooph. pag. 152. N° 8. 

Afcillaris. - --- - pag. 153. N°u. 

Anthophyllites. ----- -- -- - pag. 151. N° 4. 

Criftata - pag. 158. N° 27. 

Afpera. ----------- pag. 156. N° 21. 

Cinerafcens. ----------- pag. 157. N° 26. 

Dsedalea. - ------ pag. 163. N° 43. 

Scabrofa. -- ---------- pag. 156. N° 22. 

Millepora. Alcicornis. ----- -- - Sloan. Jam. i. tab. 17. fig. 1. 

Fafcialis. ------- Ellis Cor. tab. 30. fig. A. a. b. 

Cellulofa. --- -- tab. 25. fig. D. d. 

Polymorpha. - - - - - - - - - - - tab. 27 . fig. C. 

V. ZOOPHYTA. 



F A U N U L A I N D I C A. 161 



V. ZoOPHYT 



A. 



Isis. Hippuris. ----- -- - Ellis Zooph. pag. 105. N" 2. 

Ochracea. - -- -_-- --_- p a g, 10 ^ n° I. 

Gorgonia. Abies. ----- .__--•_. p a g, IO j # ^° g # 

P. - - - - - --- ----- p a g % ^ ]Sfo T 

iEnea. --- - - _-_ Rumph. Arab. vi. tab. 80. fig. 2. 

Antipathes. -------------- tab. 77. 

Pe&inata. - - .-.__- Ellis Zooph. pag. 85. N° 9. 

Spongia. Flabelliformis. ------ Rumph. Amb. vi. tab. 80. fig. 1. 

Fiftularis. - ----- -- Sloan. Jam. i. tab. 24. fig. 1. 

Aculeata. - - - - - - - Rumph. Amb. vi. tab. 90. Jig. 1. 

Tubulofa. - ------- Seb. Muf. iii. tab. 97. fig. 2. 

Tomentofa. - - - - Ellis Zooph. pag. 187. N° 7. 

Sertularia. Pennaria. - ----- _. Lin. Sy ft. pag. 1313. N° 26. 

Pennatula. --- _-- -- Ellis Zooph. pag. 56. N°3i. 

Vorticella. Conglomerata. - - - - - Amcen. Acad. iv. tab. 3. Jig. 1. 



FINIS. 



B35 









*t W?SW W8SPC WW w 



^5